Civil Engineering Materials
This book deals with properties, applications and analysis of important materials of construction/civil engineering. It offers full coverage of how materials are made or obtained, their physical properties, their mechanical properties, how they are used in construction, how they are tested in the lab, and their strength characteristics--information that is essential for material selection and elementary design. Contains illustrative examples and tables and figures from professional organizations. Considers all common materials of civil engineering/construction--and looks at each in depth: e.g., physical properties, mechanical properties, code provisions, methods of testing, quality control, construction procedures, and material selection. Discusses laboratory testing procedures for selected tests--provides step-by-step descriptions of laboratory test procedures to determine properties of materials. All test procedures are based on relevant ASTM specification. For Civil Engineers, Construction Engineers, Architects, and Agricultural Engineers.
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Based on the method of construction, walls in general can be divided into two
types: • Solid wall or Hollow wall • Framed wall Solid and hollow walls (Fig. 4.1)
are those built using masonry units (stone, brick, or block), whereas framed walls
Figure 43 (Continued) (b) Solid and hollow masonry units. more of the gross
cross-sectional area in the same plane. Generally, clay units are solid and
concrete units are hollow. 4.1.1 Clay Bricks and Structural Clay Tiles A clay brick
is a small ...
6 Bituminous Materials and Mixtures Bitumen is a solid, semisolid, or viscous
cementitious material, natural or manufactured, and composed principally of
various mixtures of complex hydrocarbons. The term hydrocarbon refers to any of