Civil Engineering Materials
This book deals with properties, applications and analysis of important materials of construction/civil engineering. It offers full coverage of how materials are made or obtained, their physical properties, their mechanical properties, how they are used in construction, how they are tested in the lab, and their strength characteristics--information that is essential for material selection and elementary design. Contains illustrative examples and tables and figures from professional organizations. Considers all common materials of civil engineering/construction--and looks at each in depth: e.g., physical properties, mechanical properties, code provisions, methods of testing, quality control, construction procedures, and material selection. Discusses laboratory testing procedures for selected tests--provides step-by-step descriptions of laboratory test procedures to determine properties of materials. All test procedures are based on relevant ASTM specification. For Civil Engineers, Construction Engineers, Architects, and Agricultural Engineers.
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When the weight in air includes the weight of water within all pores, or when the
density computation is based on saturated particles, the bulk specific gravity is for
SSD condition. When the moisture content is less than that for SSD condition, ...
Calculate specific gravity and absorption. Bulk specific gravity, dry Bulk specific
gravity, SSD Apparent specific gravity Absorption = - - X 100 REPORT: Report the
specific gravity and absorption values for 3/4-in. gravel, 3/4-in. crushed stone, ...
Both density and volume of wood vary with the moisture content, and thus the two
closely related physical properties of wood, density and specific gravity, can be
measured in different ways. In many parts of the world, wood density is ...