Civil Engineering Materials
This book deals with properties, applications and analysis of important materials of construction/civil engineering. It offers full coverage of how materials are made or obtained, their physical properties, their mechanical properties, how they are used in construction, how they are tested in the lab, and their strength characteristics--information that is essential for material selection and elementary design. Contains illustrative examples and tables and figures from professional organizations. Considers all common materials of civil engineering/construction--and looks at each in depth: e.g., physical properties, mechanical properties, code provisions, methods of testing, quality control, construction procedures, and material selection. Discusses laboratory testing procedures for selected tests--provides step-by-step descriptions of laboratory test procedures to determine properties of materials. All test procedures are based on relevant ASTM specification. For Civil Engineers, Construction Engineers, Architects, and Agricultural Engineers.
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W shape S shape M shape C and MC shape Figure 7.8 Structural shapes (tf and /
„ are flange and web thicknesses, respectively). flange thickness listed in these
tables for S, M, C, and MC shapes is the average flange thickness. In calculating
TABLE 0.0 PRO)ERTIES OF STRUCTURAL STEEL Chemical requirements 0%)
Tensile requirements tempered alloy steel high-strength low-alloy structural steel.
Grade A514, quenched and tempered alloy. Availability All plates, shapes, and ...
Buckling of columns rarely has resulted in structural failure. Hot-rolled steel
shapes used in the majority of steel buildings are not prone to brittle failure.
When fracture occurs by cleavage at a nominal tensile stress that is below yield
stress, it is ...