Civil Engineering Materials
This book deals with properties, applications and analysis of important materials of construction/civil engineering. It offers full coverage of how materials are made or obtained, their physical properties, their mechanical properties, how they are used in construction, how they are tested in the lab, and their strength characteristics--information that is essential for material selection and elementary design. Contains illustrative examples and tables and figures from professional organizations. Considers all common materials of civil engineering/construction--and looks at each in depth: e.g., physical properties, mechanical properties, code provisions, methods of testing, quality control, construction procedures, and material selection. Discusses laboratory testing procedures for selected tests--provides step-by-step descriptions of laboratory test procedures to determine properties of materials. All test procedures are based on relevant ASTM specification. For Civil Engineers, Construction Engineers, Architects, and Agricultural Engineers.
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Calcining gypsum, which is done at relatively low temperatures, drives away
water of crystallization, forming either calcium sulfate hemihydrate (from
incomplete dehydration of gypsum), CaSO4 4- jH2O or calcium sulfate, also
called anhydrite ...
Type V portland cement (sulfate-resisting cement) is chosen when higher sulfate
resistance is required. Sulfates of sodium, calcium, and magnesium are often
found in soils, lakebeds, and seawater. These compounds react with calcium ...
The effects of the chemical reaction of chlorides, sulfates, and alkalis of sodium
and potassium should be considered when addressing the durability of concrete
structures exposed to seawater. They may affect the long-term performance of ...