## Treatise on Materials Science and Technology, Volume 4 |

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Page 21

TWINNING Thin fcc films formed on NaCl often develop { 111 }

growth . See Fig . ... The double positioned

about ... In the ( 001 ) oriented films , the { 111 }

7° with ...

TWINNING Thin fcc films formed on NaCl often develop { 111 }

**twins**duringgrowth . See Fig . ... The double positioned

**twins**are regions rotated by 180°about ... In the ( 001 ) oriented films , the { 111 }

**twin**planes make an angle of 54 .7° with ...

Page 22

Growth

another example of deformation

was tilted such that thickness fringes ( wedge fringes ) appeared in the

boundary .

Growth

**twins**in monocrystalline Cu films . ( A ) Bright ... Figure 14b showsanother example of deformation

**twins**in ( 001 ) B - Sn films . In this case the filmwas tilted such that thickness fringes ( wedge fringes ) appeared in the

**twin**boundary .

Page 51

DIFFRACTION LINE PROFILE ANALYSIS By investigating the diffraction line

asymmetries in fcc metal films , one can determine the

Warren , 1969 ) , that is , the probability that any given { 111 } plane is a

plane .

DIFFRACTION LINE PROFILE ANALYSIS By investigating the diffraction line

asymmetries in fcc metal films , one can determine the

**twin**fault density ß (Warren , 1969 ) , that is , the probability that any given { 111 } plane is a

**twin**plane .

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### Contents

RICHARD W VOOK | 2 |

Epitaxial Monocrystalline Films | 10 |

Polycrystalline Films | 37 |

Copyright | |

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### Common terms and phrases

activity addition alloys applied approximation average beam becomes calculated compaction component composition compression concentration considered constant copper correlation corresponding crystal cubic curve decreases defined deformation density dependence determined diffraction diffusion direction discussed dislocation disorder distribution effect electron elements energy enthalpy entropy equations example experimental expression factor fault field Figure forged function given gives increases influence interaction jump lattice material measurements mechanism metal method neighbor observed obtained occurs oriented parameter partial pattern phases Phys plane polycrystalline position possible powder present probability production properties random ratio reflections region relative respectively shown in Fig shows single crystals sintered solid solution solute atoms solvent strain strengthening stress structure Substituting surface Table temperature theoretical theory thermodynamic thin films tracer twin vacancy values variations volume X-ray yield