## Proceedings of the ... International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering, Volume 4; Volume 8, Part 4American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 1989 - Arctic regions |

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Page 197

Studies have also shown that while drag

possible , values greater than 1 are very rare . Model simulations showed that the

final equilibrium position is unaffected by lowering the drag

Studies have also shown that while drag

**coefficient**values less than 1 arepossible , values greater than 1 are very rare . Model simulations showed that the

final equilibrium position is unaffected by lowering the drag

**coefficient**to 0.5 .Page 229

Cw Cd Eij f Ai area of ice - covered region A total surface area ice - water drag

the ...

Cw Cd Eij f Ai area of ice - covered region A total surface area ice - water drag

**coefficient**air - water drag**coefficient**. bottom drag**coefficient**air - ice drag**coefficient**eddy viscosity**coefficients**Coriolis parameter F.F x , y components ofthe ...

Page 312

ratio along the line of impact which is equal to the speed ratio Va / Vi in the water

plane , and e is the restitution

relationships : e ( 6 ) ( u - uu 1 ( w -u ) ( u - u2 ) = ( ue ' - ul ( we -u ) ( u - u2 ) but

also by the ...

ratio along the line of impact which is equal to the speed ratio Va / Vi in the water

plane , and e is the restitution

**coefficient**given by any of the followingrelationships : e ( 6 ) ( u - uu 1 ( w -u ) ( u - u2 ) = ( ue ' - ul ( we -u ) ( u - u2 ) but

also by the ...

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### Contents

OFFSHORE MECHANICS | 1 |

ICE FORCES | 11 |

MATERIALS TECHNOLOGY | 24 |

Copyright | |

22 other sections not shown

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### Common terms and phrases

analysis applied approach Arctic assumed average behaviour body calculated coefficient components compression compressive stress computed considered constant crack creep damage deformation dependent depth described determined developed diameter direction distribution effect elastic energy Engineering equation estimate experiments expression factor failure field Figure floe force fracture frequency function given grain grain boundary horizontal ice sheet iceberg impact increase initial International length limit load mass material maximum mean measured Mechanics method microcracks motion normal nucleation observed obtained Offshore operation parameters peak performed plane position predicted present pressure probability range ratio Regions relation relative Research resistance ridge samples sea ice shear ship shown shows simulation specimen strain rate strength stress structure surface Table temperature tensile tensor tests thickness toughness uniaxial vertical wave