## Proceedings of the ... International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering, Volume 4; Volume 8, Part 4American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 1989 - Arctic regions |

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Page 109

10. However , ice scouring of a berm may differ from that of sea floor at the same

site due to the higher elevation of the berm and different soil materials . Both

factors might infer smaller ice scouring

data ...

10. However , ice scouring of a berm may differ from that of sea floor at the same

site due to the higher elevation of the berm and different soil materials . Both

factors might infer smaller ice scouring

**depth**for the berm , but since no factualdata ...

Page 112

1l - R - year global forces versus berm elevation ( d ) for a site at Amauligak in a

30m water

the force ( random simulation and approximation by generalized Gamma function

) ...

1l - R - year global forces versus berm elevation ( d ) for a site at Amauligak in a

30m water

**depth**0 200 400 600 800 GLOBAL FORCE , Q , MN Fig . 9 - P.d.f. ofthe force ( random simulation and approximation by generalized Gamma function

) ...

Page 120

A

selected while vertical effective stress was calculated from the integrated density

above ...

A

**depth**interval of 1 m was selected for numerical integration . Thus at each**depth**( 0.5 m , 1.5 m , etc. ) a random value of fines content , ac and ko . wasselected while vertical effective stress was calculated from the integrated density

above ...

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### Contents

OFFSHORE MECHANICS | 1 |

ICE FORCES | 11 |

MATERIALS TECHNOLOGY | 24 |

Copyright | |

22 other sections not shown

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### Common terms and phrases

analysis applied approach Arctic assumed average behaviour body calculated coefficient components compression compressive stress computed considered constant crack creep damage deformation dependent depth described determined developed diameter direction distribution effect elastic energy Engineering equation estimate experiments expression factor failure field Figure floe force fracture frequency function given grain grain boundary horizontal ice sheet iceberg impact increase initial International length limit load mass material maximum mean measured Mechanics method microcracks motion normal nucleation observed obtained Offshore operation parameters peak performed plane position predicted present pressure probability range ratio Regions relation relative Research resistance ridge samples sea ice shear ship shown shows simulation specimen strain rate strength stress structure surface Table temperature tensile tensor tests thickness toughness uniaxial vertical wave