## Proceedings of the ... International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering, Volume 4; Volume 8, Part 4American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 1989 - Arctic regions |

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Page 7

In the tests

constrained such that the two halves of a plate did not separate after a crack had

propagated along its length . Final failure resulted from spalling and flaking of the

ice ...

In the tests

**described**by Michel and Toussaint ( 1977 ) the plates wereconstrained such that the two halves of a plate did not separate after a crack had

propagated along its length . Final failure resulted from spalling and flaking of the

ice ...

Page 117

... this simple distribution with depth would not be a sufficient

natural deposits ( Vanmarcke , 1977 ) . ... load distribution would normally be

obtained from a full probabilistic analysis similar to the one

paper ...

... this simple distribution with depth would not be a sufficient

**description**of manynatural deposits ( Vanmarcke , 1977 ) . ... load distribution would normally be

obtained from a full probabilistic analysis similar to the one

**described**in thispaper ...

Page 188

û , where û is the unit vector in the direction of - The model

paper ( see also Jessup , 1988 ) makes use of the full dynamic equations of

motion for all six degrees of freedom ( i . e . , three rotational and three

translational ) .

û , where û is the unit vector in the direction of - The model

**described**in thispaper ( see also Jessup , 1988 ) makes use of the full dynamic equations of

motion for all six degrees of freedom ( i . e . , three rotational and three

translational ) .

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### Contents

OFFSHORE MECHANICS | 1 |

ICE FORCES | 11 |

Uniaxial TensionCompression Tests on Ice Preliminary Results | 37 |

Copyright | |

21 other sections not shown

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### Common terms and phrases

analysis applied approach Arctic assumed behaviour body calculated coefficient components compression compressive stress computed considered constant crack creep damage deformation dependent depth described determined developed diameter direction distribution effect elastic energy Engineering equation estimate example experiments expression factor failure field Figure floe force fracture frequency function given grain grain boundary horizontal ice sheet iceberg impact increase initial interaction International length limit load mass material maximum mean measured Mechanics method microcracks motion normal nucleation observed obtained Offshore operation parameters peak performed plane present pressure probability range ratio relation relative Report Research resistance respectively ridge samples sea ice shear ship shown shows simulation specimen strain rate strength stress structure surface Table temperature tensile tensor tests thickness uncertainties uniaxial vertical wave