Oceanography: An Illustrated Text
Oceans cover over 700f the Earth's surface and are essential to life on this planet. And yet it is only recently that the science and technology of Oceanography has matured - indeed, astronauts walked on the surface of the Moon before scientists explored the Mid-Ocean Ridge, a great mountain range that covers close to 230f the Earth's total surface area! Oceanography provides the basis for understanding the oceans' complexities, and an appreciation of the importance of recent discoveries (the volcanism and hydrothermal circulation within the Mid-Ocean Ridge) and improved sampling techniques (advanced remotely operated vehicle systems and satellite monitoring). It is written by expert teachers and leading researchers in each of the many aspects of Oceanography: Weather Systems; Physical Geography; Chemistry; Biology; Measurement Techniques; Economics. Oceanography is an authoritative, comprehensive, easy to read and richly illustrated guide to this vast and fascinating subject. It is essential reading for anyone interested in the oceans - crucial to our future, but as yet barely explored. Contributors M. V. Angel J. M. Bull J. D. Burton H. Charnock K. J. Collins M. B. Deacon N. C. Flemming A. Gebruk C. R. German W.J. Gould G. Griffiths T. Guymer P.J. Herring A.C. Jensen A.E.S. Kemp N.H. Kenyon R.S. Lampitt A.P.M. Lockwood J.J. Mallinson D.G. Masson R.A. Mills L.M. Parson D.A. Purdie A.L. Rice K.J. Richards P. Riddy I.S. Robinson R.G. Rothwell M. Sheader C.P. Summerhayes J. Thomson S.A. Thorpe P.A. Tyler M. Varney P.P.E. Weaver N.C. Wells R.B. Whitmarsh J.A. Williams C.M. Young
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The Atmosphere and the Ocean
The Role of Ocean Circulation
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Abyssal Plain acoustic animals artificial reefs asthenosphere atmosphere benthic biological bioluminescence bloom carbon changes Chapter chemical climate coastal colour concentration continental continental slope Courtesy cycle debris flow deep ocean deep water deep-sea density deposits depth dissolved distribution Earth eddies energy environment equation estuary euphausiids example Figure fish fisheries flux global habitat heat hydrothermal hydrothermal vent increase instruments latitudes layer light lithosphere marine snow material measurements ment metres Mid-Atlantic Ridge mid-ocean mid-ocean ridge North Atlantic observations occur ocean basins oceanic crust Oceanography offshore organic oxygen Pacific particles pelagic phytoplankton plankton processes production profiles radiation range reflected regions ridge rocks salinity samples satellite scale scientists sea bed sea floor sea surface sea water sedi sediment sensors ships side-scan sonar slope sonar species surface waters temperature tion transport turbidite turbidity current velocity vent vertical water column waves wind zone zooplankton