The cultivation of whiteness: science, health and racial destiny in Australia
In nineteenth-century Australia, the main commentators on race and biological differences were doctors. The medical profession entertained serious anxieties about 'racial degeneration' of the white population in the new land. They feared non-white races as reservoirs of disease, and they held firm beliefs on the baneful influence of the tropics on the health of Europeans. Gradually these matters became the province of public health and biological science. In the 1930s anthropologists claimed 'race' as their special interest. The author examines the notion of 'whiteness' as a flexible category in scientific and public debates. Anderson also provides an account of experimentation in the 1920s and 1930s on Aboriginal people in the central deserts. Draws on European and American work on the development of racial thought and on the history of representations of the body.
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A Cultivated Society
No Place for a White Man
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The Cultivation of Whiteness: Science, Health and Racial Destiny in Australia
No preview available - 2005
A. P. Elkin Aboriginal Australians acclimatisation adaptation Adelaide anthropology Australian Aborigines Australian Medical Australian tropics Barrett become biological Birdsell blood Brisbane British Caucasian central Australia civilisation colleagues colonial coloured continued culture Cumpston Darwin degeneration diphtheria doctors Elkin Elkington environment environmental Eugenics European experience fever full-bloods geographical germs Griffith Taylor half-caste Harvey Sutton heredity History hookworm Hooton hot winds human hybrids hygiene Ibid immigrant influence Institute of Tropical investigation James labour land later medical scientists mental native natural neurasthenia North Queensland northern Australia Northern Territory phthisis physical physiological population Porteus problem public health quarantine racial Raphael Cilento reported scientific seemed settlers skin social Society South Australian South Australian Museum South Wales Sydney temperate theories Thomson Tindale Townsville Townsville Institute tropical Australia tropical disease Tropical Medicine typhoid University of Melbourne Victoria white Australia policy white race white settlement Wood Jones wrote