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you, without reiterating the expression of my thanks, from a heart overflowing with gratitude. I came among you now more than thirty years ago, an orphan boy, pennyless

, a stranger to you all, without friends, without ihe favor of the great.

2. You took me up, cherished me, caressed me, protected me, honored me. You have constantly poured upon me, a bold and unabated stream of innumerable favors

.

Time, which wears out every thing, has increased and strengthened your affections for me.

3. When I seemed deserted by almost the whole world, and assailed by almost every tongue, and pen, and press ; you have fearlessly and manfully stood by me, with unsur: passed zeal, and undiminished friendship. When I felt as if I should sink beneath the storm of abuse and detraction, which was violently raging around me, I have found myself upheld and sustained

, by your encouraging voices and your approving smiles.

4. I have doubtless committed many faults and indiscretions, over

which, you have thrown the broad mantle of your charity. But I can say, and in the presence of my God, and of this assembled multitude, I will say, that I have honestly and faithfully served my country; that I have never wronged it; and that however unprepared I lament that I am, to appear in the Divine presence, on other accounts, I invoke the the smallest apprehension of His depleasure. stern justice of His judgment on my public conduct, without

Mr. Clay's speech, from which the above extract is taken, was made at " Fowler's Garden,” near Lexington, Kentucky, on the 16th of May, 1829, on the occasion of a public dinner being given him, which was soon after his health, at that time,

secretary of state expired, on his return to his adopted state. His doubtful whether he should live another year. In concluding his speech, he spoke under the influence of deep emotion. Thousands were in at

was so delicate, that he observed to me, he thought it tendance; and when the orator said, “I came among you an orphan boy," &c., almost every eye was impearled with tears. Mr. Clay's scorning to forget the humble origin from which he rose to be a member of the house of representatives, speaker of the house, secretary of state, and a senator in congress, may be regarded as a happy exhibition of grateful sympathy. His voice is uncommonly deep, musical, and powerful; and lis gestures are very animated, and perfectly natural and graceful.

12*

term as

52. THE PETITION OF THE WIFE OF ALMAS ALI CAWN, TO

WARREN HASTINGS.

1. May the blessings of thy God wait upon thee, may the sun of glory shine round thy head, and may the gates of plenty, honor, and happiness, be always open to thee and thine.

2. May no sorrow distress thy days, may no strife disturb thy nighis, may the pillow of peace kiss thy cheeks, and the pleasures of imagination attend thy dreams; and when length of years makes thee tired of earthly joys, and the curtain of death gently closes round the last sleep of human existence, may the angels of God attend thy bed, and take care that the expiring lamp of life shall not receive one rude blast to hasten its extinction.

3. O, hearken then, to the voice of distress, and grant the petition of thy servant. Spare the father of my children, save my husband, my all that is dear! Consider, sir, that he did not become rich by iniquity; and that what he possessed, was the inheritance of a long line of flourishing ancestors, who, in those smiling days, when the thunder of Creat Britain was not heard on the fertile plains of Hindostan, reaped their harvests in quiet, and enjoyed their patrimony unmolested.

4. Think, O think! that the God you worship, delights not in the blood of the innocent; rernember thy own commandment: “Thou shalt not kill;" and by the order of heaven, give me back my Almas Ali Cawn; and take all our wealth, strip us of all our precious stones, of all our gold and silver, but take not the life of my husband! Innocence is seated on his brow, and the milk of human kindness flows round his heart; let us wander through the deserts, let us become tillers and laborers in those delightful spots of which he was once lord and master;

5. But spare, o mighty sir! spare his life ! let not the instrument of death be listed up against him, for he has not committed any crime; accept our treasures with gratitude; thou hast them at present by force; we will remember thee in our prayers, and forget that we were ever rich and powerful.

6. My children beseech from thee, the author of their existence; from that humanity which we have been told glows in the hearts of Englishmen, by the honor, by the virtue, the honesty, and the maternal feelings of the great queen, whose

offspring is so dear to her, the miserable wife of thy prisoner, beseeches thee to save the life of her husband, and restore him to her arms; thy God will reward thee, thy country must thank thee, and she now petitioning, will pray for thee.

It would seem that such a petition, and from such a source, would almost“ create a soul under the ribs of death;” but it produced no effect upon the unfeeling and unprincipled man to whom it was addressed. The friends of humanity, wherever they may be found, look with decided disapprobation upon this, and all other similar instances of cruelty, which have occured in England or elsewhere. The execution of the Rev. William Dodd, who was not guilty of a crime deserving severe punishment, which took place, during the reign of George III. in less than a year subsequently to the adoption of the declaration of American Independence, inspired our political fathers with additional zeal, against “a prince whose character” was “thus marked, by every act which may define a tyrant." Sheridan and Burke, in their invectives against Warren Hastings, use very strong language. Sheridan, in one of his public speeches, calls him "a monster who stalked over the country, tainting and poisoning with pestiferous breath, what his voracious appetite could not devour.” Burke, in his eloquent portraiture of the character of Hastings, says: "He is never corrupt but he is cruel; he never dines with comfort but where he is sure to create a famine. He never robs from the loose superfluity of standing greatness; he devours the fallen, the indigent, the necessitous. His extortion is not like the generous rapacity of the princely eagle, who snatches away the living, struggling prey; he is a vulture who feeds upon the prostraté, the dying, and the dead! 'As his cruelty is more shocking than his corruption, so his hypocrisy has something more frightful than his cruelty. For whilst his bloody and rapacious hand signs proscriptions, and sweeps away the food of the widow and the orphan, his eyes overflow with tears; and he converts the healing balın, that bleeds from wounded humanity, into a rancorous and deadly poison to the race of man!”

The student may profitably practise upon the last extract, embodied in the note, as well as upon the “ Petition” itself. Burke's powerful remarks should be given with great and increasing energy,-the first two verses of the “ Petition,” mildly,—and the rest of it, in the most earnest manner, but not on a high key.

53. SPEECH OF WILLIAM PITT, EARL OF CHATHAM. 1. My lords; I am astonished—I am shocked, to hear such principles confessed, -to hear them avowed in this house, or even in this country. I did not intend to have encroached again on your attention, but I cannot repress my indignation, I feel myself impelled to speak.

2. My .ords, we are called upon as members of this house, as men, as Christians, to protest against such horrible bar: barity—“that God and nature have put into our hands !” What ideas of God and nature that noble lord may entertain, I know not; but I know that such detestable principles are equally abhorrent to religion and humanity.

3. What! to attribute the sacred sanction of God and nalure, to the massacres of the Indian's scalping knife! to the savage, torturing, murdering, and devouring his unhappy victims! Such notions shock every precept of morality, every feeling of humanity, every sentiment of honor.

4. These abominable principles, and this more abominable avowal of them, demand the most decisive indignation. I call upon that right reverend, and this most learned bench, to vindicate the religion of their God; to support the justice of their country. I call upon the bishops to interpose the unsullied sanctity of their lawn; upon the judges to interpose the purity of their ermine, to save us from this pollution.

5. I call upon the honor of your lordships, to reverence the dignity of your ancestors, and to maintain your own. I call upon the spirit and humanity of my country, to vindicate the national character. I invoke the gonius of the British constitution.

6. From the tapestry that adorns these walls, the immortal ancestor of this noble lord frowns with indignation at the disgrace of his country. In vain did he defend, and establish the liberty of Britain, against the tyranny of Rome, if these worse than popish cruelties, and inquisitorial practices, are endured among us.

7. To send forth the merciless Indian, thirsting for blood ! against whom? your protestant brethren !—to lay waste their dwellings, and extirpate their race and name, by the aid and instrumentality of these ungovernable savages!

8. Spain can no longer boast preëminence in barbarity. She armed herself with blood-hounds, to extirpate the wretched natives of Mexico; we, more ruthless, loose these dogs of war against our countrymen in America, endeared to us by every tie that can sanctify humanity.

9. I solemnly call upon your lordships, and upon every order of men in the state, to stamp upon this infamous procedure, the indelible stain of the public abhorrence. More particularly, I call upon the venerable prelates of our religion, to do away this iniquity; let them perform a lustration to purify the country from this deep and deadly sin.

This specch of Mr. Pitt, was made in the British Parliament, November 18, 1777, on the subject of employing Indians to fight against the Americans, and in opposition to Lord Suffolk, who had said in the course of the debate," that England had a right to use all the means that God and nature had put into her hands, to conquer America.” “The tapestry” of the house of lords, of which the orator spoaks, represents the defeat of the Spanish armada, in the reign of Queen Elizabeth, by Admiral Howard, an ancestor of Lord Suffolk. This admiral to whom he alludes, is a conspicuous figure in the tapestry. It will be seen that Mr. Pitt, although an Englishman, manifested an interest in the happiness of the Americans. He was so eloquent, that it was justly said by Cowper:

" It is praise enough, to fill the ambition of a private man,

That Chatham's language is his mother tongue.“ It will readily occur to the student in oratory, that this speech should be read or recited in a very animated and cnergetic manner.

54. NIGHT BEFORE, AND BATTLE OF WATERLOO.--Byron

1. There was a sound of revelry by night,

And Belgium's capital had gathered then
Her beauty and her chivalry, and bright
The lamp shone o'er fair women and brave men.
A thousand hearts beat happily; and when
Music arose with its voluptuous swell,
Soft eyes looked love to eyes which spake again,

And all went merry as a marriage-bell;
But hush ! hark! a deep sound strikes like a rising knell.
2. Did ye not hear it ?—No; 'twas but the wind,

Or the car rattling o'er the stony street.;
On with the dance! let joy be unconfin'd;
No sleep till morn, when youth and pleasure meet
To chase the glowing hours with flying feet;
But hark! that heavy sound breaks in once more,
As if the clouds its echo would repeat;
And nearer, clearer, deadlier than before !
Arm! arm ! it is—it is—the cannon's opening roar!

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