Illustrated Dictionary of Automobile Body Styles, 2d ed.
Cars today fit a fairly small number of body types—sedan, coupe, station wagon, SUV, hatchback and a few others. The meanings of these familiar terms have changed over the decades as automotive design has evolved. Along the way, a greater number of earlier body types have fallen out of use and become historical curiosities. Who today can identify a charabanc, a dos-à-dos or even a phaeton? This expanded second edition defines all distinct body types since the early days of the automobile, many of which were derived from horse-drawn vehicles. Entries, many including clear line drawings, describe popular types and variations from different countries and time periods as well as terms for body components. Subtypes and subtle distinctions are explained and common misuses of terms and designations are clarified.
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19th century abbreviation Alternative term applied auto automobile B-pillars became Berline Boat-tail body style bodywork style Bordino Brake British Brougham Buggy built Cabriolet Cabriolet-victoria Calèche car manufacturers car’s chassis chauffeur chauffeur-driven Close-coupled Coach coachbuilders Convertible Coupe Cyclecar Dickey seat Double Phaeton Drop-head Dual-cowl Phaeton early European Fastback foldable top folding top four-door four-wheeled front German glass division Gran Turismo Hardtop Hatchback hood horse-drawn carriage Important period Italian Kombi Landau bars Landaulet Language varieties American later Limousine luggage Microcar Minivan normal Notchback occasional seats Off-roader Origins and history passenger compartment rear Quarter rear seats riage Roadster roof Rumble seat Scissor doors Sedanca sengers side windows soft top sometimes Spider Sports Car Sports Coupé Sports Tourer Station Wagon Stretch-limo subtype designation Sunshine Saloon Taxi three seater tion Tonneau Torpédo Touring Car two-door two-seater usually Variations Victoria Voiture Voiturette weather protection wheelbase windshield World World War II