The Medusa Reader

Front Cover
Marjorie Garber, Nancy J. Vickers
Routledge, Oct 11, 2013 - Art - 288 pages
Fascinating and terrifying, the Medusa story has long been a powerful signifier in culture with poets, feminists, anthropologists, psychoanalysts, political theorists, artists, writers, and others. Bringing together the essential passages and commentary about Medusa, The Medusa Reader traces her through the ages, from classical times through the Renaissance to the pop culture, art, and fashion of today. This collection, with a critical introduction and striking illustrations, is the first major anthology of primary material and critical commentary on this most provocative and enigmatic of figures.
 

Contents

Introduction
1
1 HOMER from The Iliad c 750725 BCE translated by Richmond Lattimore Medusa as Shield and Sign
8
2 HESIOD from The Shield of Herakles and Theogony c 700 BCE translated by Richmond Lattimore Medusa and Perseus
11
3 PINDAR Pythian 12 c 490 BCE translated by Geoffrey S Conway Medusa and Music
14
4 EURIPIDES from Ion c 413 BCE translated by Ronald Frederick Willetts The Power of Gorgons Blood
16
5 PALAEPHATUS The Daughters of Phorcys fourth century BCE from On Unbelievable Tales translated by Jacob Stern A Rationalist View
20
6 APOLLODORUS from The Library second century BCE translated by James George Frazer The Beauty of Medusa
23
7 DIODORUS SICULUS from The Historical Library c 6030 BCE translated by G Booth The Gorgons and the Amazons in Africa
26
39 JAMES MERRILL Medusa 1946
94
40 ERICH NEUMANN from The Origins and History of Consciousness 1949 translated by R F C Hull A Jungian View of the Terrible Mother
96
41 SYLVIA PLATH Perseus and Medusa 1958 and 1962
100
42 ROGER CAILLOIS from The Mask of Medusa 1960 translated by George Ordish The Gorgon Mask
104
43 DARYL HINE Tableau Vivant 1968
106
44 MAY SARTON The Muse as Medusa 1971
107
The Letter and the Spirit 1972 On Dantes Medusa
109
46 JO SPRINGER Medusa Head Picture from Pleasures of Crewel 1972 Embroidering Your Own Medusa
122

8 OVID from Metamorphoses c 43 BCE17 CE translated by Rolfe Humphries The Story of Perseus
30
9 LUCAN from Pharsalia c 6165 translated by Robert Graves Medusa and the Snakes of Libya
40
10 LUCIAN from The Hall c 120180 translated by A M Harmon The Sirens and the Gorgons
43
11 PAUSANIAS from Description of Greece c 143176 translated by W H S Jones Another Rationalist View
44
12 ACHILLES TATIUS from The Adventures of Leucippe and Clitophon second century translated by John Winkler Medusa and the Power of Ekp...
45
13 FULGENTIUS from Mythologies late fifthearly sixth centuries translated by Leslie G Whitbread Terror and Manliness
47
14 JOHN MALALAS from The Chronicle sixth century translated by Elizabeth Jeffreys Michael Jeffreys and Roger Scott The Sorcery of Perseus
49
15 DANTE ALIGHIERI from Inferno c 13101314 translated by Allen Mandelbaum Virgil Dante and Medusa
51
16 PETRARCH Rime Sparse 197 c 13271374 translated by Robert M Durling
53
17 COLUCCIO SALUTATI from On the Labors of Hercules c 13811391 translated by Lesley Lundeen Medusa as Artful Eloquence
54
18 CHRISTINE DE PIZAN from The Book of the City of Ladies 1405 translated by Earl Jeffrey Richards Medusas Beauty
57
19 LEONE EBREO from The Philosophy of Love 1535 translated by F FriedebergSeeley and Jean H Barnes Allegorical Meanings
58
20 GIORGIO VASARI from the Life of Leonardo da Vinci Florentine Painter and Sculptor 1550 translated by George Bull Leonardo Paints the Head...
60
21 NATALE CONTI from Mythologies 1551 translated by Anthony DiMatteo Beauty and Pleasure
62
22 VINCENZO CARTARI from Images of the Gods 1556 translated by Walter Hryshko Imaging Medusa
64
23 JOHN HARINGTON from his preface to the Orlando Furioso 1591 Allegories of Man and Earth
67
24 FRANCIS BACON Perseus or War from The Wisdom of the Ancients 1609 translated by James Spedding Tyranny and the Art of War
69
25 WILLIAM DRUMMOND The Statue of Medusa 1616
72
26 JOHANN WOLFGANG VON GOETHE from Faust 1808 translated by Stuart Atkins Gretchen and Medusa
73
27 PERCY BYSSHE SHELLEY On the Medusa of Leonardo da Vinci in the Florentine Gallery 1819
75
28 KARL MARX from Capital 1867 translated by Samuel Moore and Edward Aveling The Medusa of Capitalist Production
77
29 DANTE GABRIEL ROSSETTI Aspecta Medusa 1870
79
30 FRIEDRICH NIETZSCHE from The Birth of Tragedy 1872 translated by Walter Kaufmann Medusa Apollo and Dionysus
80
31 DAVID STARR JORDAN The Head and the Snakes 1899 A Story for Children
81
32 LOUISE BOGAN Medusa 1921
83
33 SIGMUND FREUD Medusas Head and from The Infantile Genital Organization 1922 and 1923 translated by James Strachey The Classic Psychoa...
84
34 SÁNDOR FERENCZI from On the Symbolism of the Head of Medusa 1923 translated by Olive Edmonds Medusa and Castration
87
35 COUNTEE CULLEN Medusa 1935
88
36 WALTER BENJAMIN from Paris Capital of the Nineteenth Century 1939 translated by Howard Eiland and Kevin McLaughlin Medusa and Mod...
89
37 PHILIP WYLIE from Generation of Vipers 1942 Momism
90
A Phenomenological Essayon Ontology 1943 translated by Hazel E Barnes The Others Look
92
47 HAZEL BARNES from The Look of the Gorgon 1974 Sartre and the Existentialist Medusa
124
48 JACQUES DERRIDA from Glas 1974 translated by John P Leavey Jr and Richard Rand The Gorgon and the Jew
128
49 ROLAND BARTHES from Roland Barthes 1975 translated by Richard Howard The Jellyfish Medusa and the Power to Stun
131
50 HÉLÈNE CIXOUS from The Laugh of the Medusa 1975 translated by Keith Cohen and Paula Cohen A Classic of Feminist Theory
133
51 COLLEEN J MCELROY A Navy Blue Afro 1976
135
A Theoretical Perspective
137
53 ANN STANFORD Medusa 1977
161
54 STEPHEN HEATH from Difference 1978 On The Look for the Woman
163
Woman in Freuds Writings 1980 translated by Catherine Porter A Feminist Rereading of Freuds Medusa
165
An Essay on Personal Symbols and Religious Experience 1981 An Anthropological View
168
Male Hysteria under Political Pressure 1983 Medusa in the French Revolution
173
58 TOBIN SIEBERS from The Mirror of Medusa 1983
196
59 TERESA DE LAURETIS from Desire in Narrative 1984 Medusa in Cinema
198
60 PATRICIA KLINDIENST JOPLIN from The Voice of the Shuttle Is Ours 1984 Rape and Silence in the Medusa Story
201
61 CRAIG OWENS from The Medusa Effect or The Specular Ruse 1984 Barbara Kruger and the Medusa Effect
203
62 JEANPIERRE VERNANT from Death in the Eyes and In the Mirror of Medusa 1985 translated by Thomas Curley and Froma I Zeitlin Frontality ...
210
Shakespeares Lucrece 1985 The Face of Medusa
232
A Face For Contemporary Womens Rage 1986 Experiencing My Gorgon Self
238
65 AMY CLAMPITT Medusa 1987
247
The Male Medusa 1987 Shakespeares New Gorgon
249
67 RITA DOVE Medusa 1989
258
68 BARBARA FRISCHMUTH Grown Older 1989 translated by Francis Michael Sharp Medusa by Free Association
259
69 SANDER GILMAN from The Jews Body 1991 The Syphilitic Woman
261
70 FRANÇOISE FRONTISIDUCROUX The Gorgon Paradigm of Image Creation 1993 translated by Seth Graebner Medusa as Maker of Images
262
Inside Freuds Office 1996 Medusa in the Mirror
267
Reviewing Medusa 1996 Medusa in Theater and Performance Art
272
73 GIANNI VERSACE from The Versace Moment by Mark Seal 1996 Seduction
276
Bibliography
279
Sources and Permissions
302
Copyright

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