The Scepter and the Star: Messianism in Light of the Dead Sea Scrolls
John J. Collins here offers an up-to-date review of Jewish messianic expectations around the time of Jesus, in light of the Dead Sea Scrolls.
He breaks these expectations down into categories: Davidic, priestly, and prophetic. Based on a small number of prophetic oracles and reflected in the various titles and names assigned to the messiah, the Davidic model holds a clear expectation that the messiah figure would play a militant role. In sectarian circles, the priestly model was far more prominent. Jesus of Nazareth, however, showed more resemblance to the prophetic messiah during his historical career, identified as the Davidic “Son of Man” primarily after his death.
In this second edition of The Scepter and the Star Collins has revised the discussion of Jesus and early Christianity, completely rewritten a chapter on a figure who claims to have a throne in heaven, and has added a brief discussion of the recently published and controversial Vision of Gabriel.
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Aaron and Israel allusions angel anointed Apocalyptic Apocalypticism Aramaic Aramaic Levi argued aer Balaam’s oracle Bar Kokhba Biblical Literature Branch of David Brill century BCE Charlesworth Christian claim context Damascus Document Daniel Davidic messiah Dead Sea Scrolls Eerdmans Elijah end of days eschatological Essenes Ezra Fitzmyer Fortress fragment Grand Rapids gure Hasmoneans heaven heavenly Hengel High Priest historical Hodayot holy hymn identied interpretation Isaiah J. J. Collins Jerusalem Jesus Jewish messianism Jews Josephus Journal Jubilees Judah Judaism King and Messiah kingdom kingship Kittim Knohl Leiden Lord messiah of Aaron messianic expectation Messianische Michael midrash Moses Old Testament original Oxford oen passage pesher Prince prophecy Psalms of Solomon Puech Qumran Qumran Cave reected reference royal rst century scepter Scholars Press sect sectarian servant signicant Studies suggests Teacher of Righteousness Temple Scroll throne tradition Tübingen University Press VanderKam Vermes vision War Scroll Yarbro Collins Zechariah חישמ