The Scepter and the Star: Messianism in Light of the Dead Sea Scrolls

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Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing, Nov 12, 2010 - Religion - 312 pages
John J. Collins here offers an up-to-date review of Jewish messianic expectations around the time of Jesus, in light of the Dead Sea Scrolls.

He breaks these expectations down into categories: Davidic, priestly, and prophetic. Based on a small number of prophetic oracles and reflected in the various titles and names assigned to the messiah, the Davidic model holds a clear expectation that the messiah figure would play a militant role. In sectarian circles, the priestly model was far more prominent. Jesus of Nazareth, however, showed more resemblance to the prophetic messiah during his historical career, identified as the Davidic “Son of Man” primarily after his death.

In this second edition of The Scepter and the Star Collins has revised the discussion of Jesus and early Christianity, completely rewritten a chapter on a figure who claims to have a throne in heaven, and has added a brief discussion of the recently published and controversial Vision of Gabriel.


Preface to the Second Edition
Messianism and the Scrolls
Messianism and the Hebrew Bible
A Shoot from the Stump of Jesse
e Messiahs of Aaron and Israel
Teacher Priest and Prophet
A rone in the Heavens
e Messiah as the Son of
e Danielic Son of
Messianic Dreams in Action

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About the author (2010)

John J. Collins is Holmes Professor of Old Testament Criticism and Interpretation at Yale Divinity School and a recognized expert in early Judaism and the Dead Sea Scrolls. His many other works include The Apocalyptic Imagination, Beyond the Qumran Community, The Scepter and the Star, and (with Daniel C. Harlow) The Eerdmans Dictionary of Early Judaism.

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