Ethnoveterinary Medicine: An Annotated Bibliography of Community Animal Healthcare
Intermediate Technology, 2001 - Medical - 611 pages
Livestock raisers and healers everywhere have traditional ways of classifying, diagnosing, preventing and treating common animal diseases. Many of these "ethnoveterinary" practices offer viable alternatives or complements to conventional, Western-style veterinary medicine - especially where the latter is unavailable or inappropriate. This rich bibliography contains annotations of 1240 publications that deal with sociocultural, politico-economic, environmental and biomedical aspects of community animal healthcare. Entries span 118 countries of Europe, Africa, the Americas, Asia and the Pacific. Examples of ordinary people's diverse knowledge, skills, beliefs and practices are recorded for some 200 health problems of 25 livestock species. The species discussed range from 'exotics' like reindeer, camelids, elephant and yak, through more familiar farm and pet animals, to micro-livestock like fish and bees. Reference is made to hundreds of plant species or genera, to inorganic items or compounds, and innumerable foodstuffs and household items employed as "materia medica" in treatments that run the gamut of medicinal, surgical, physical/mechanical and supernatural. In addition, stockraisers' many astute and often environmentally friendly health-related herding, housing, husbandry and breeding practices are documented. The volume prioritizes twentieth century literature, with the bulk of publications dating from 1989 to 1999. It is designed to provide researchers, development professionals and policy makers working in agriculture, education, national development and human medicine with contemporary data, ideas and approaches for the practical evaluation, application and extension of community animal healthcare knowledge and resources to solving immediate development problems. At a broader level, the bibliography suggests the many potential benefits to people everywhere of systematically studying and building upon sometimes ancient - and sometimes brand new - local/indigenous knowledge.
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Africa Agriculture Alternatives animal health applied approach areas breeding camels castration cattle chapter collected cows cure describes Development diarrhoea discusses diseases drench drugs effective Ethnoveterinary Medicine example extension farmers feeding field findings Fulani given goats grazing groups healers healthcare Held herbal herd herders horses human husbandry important improve increased India indigenous infected keep Kenya knowledge latter leaves lists Livestock Development Mathias McCorkle medicinal plants methods milk mixed names natural notes observations parasites pastoral pastoralists pigs placenta plants poultry practices preparation presented problems Proceedings production programmes Pune region remedies ruminants rural salt scientific seeds selected sheep species stockraisers survey techniques Technology ticks tion traditional treat treatments Tropical University vaccination various veterinary medicine village Volume Western women wounds