The Petrochemical Industry in Developing Asia: A Review of the Current Situation and Prospects for Development in the 1990s
World Bank, 1990 - Petroleum chemicals industry - 182 pages
The purpose of this report is to address the need for information on the petrochemical industry in Asia in view of the fast-evolving situation of the industry in the region and the growing involvement of the World Bank with operations and studies in a number of Asian countries. The report reviews the current trends of the industry with relevance for Asian-based producers and documents the substantial increases in activity and rates of growth of the sector in Asia. A substantial part of the analysis is dedicated to the assessment of competitive advantages in the production of petrochemicals by individual producers. The study also review the policy framework in all countries selected and compares the different economic instruments and other policy tools that have been used to develop their industries. The report concludes that prospects for future development of the industry in developing Asia are generally favorable. As a caveat, the optimistic outlook hinges on the prospects for continuous economic growth and the oil supply and pricing situation. To secure their competitive position and materialize the growth prospects, countries with a lower competitive posture must move to improve their economics of manufacture through feedstock diversification, vertical integration, restructuring increased exposure to competition and improved long-term planning.
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Annex aromatics ASIA CHEMICAL PRODUCTION Asian producers basic petrochemicals Benzene Butadiene CAPACITY YEAR ONSTREAM capital costs China COMPANY LOCATION CAPACITY competitive consumption cost producers DAELIM INDUSTRIAL demand derivatives domestic market downstream products economic environmental EPRs ethane/propane ethylene crackers ethylene production expansion feedstock Feedstock Situation gas fractions Gulf HDPE incentives increase India Indonesia installation factors integration investment investors IPCL Japan LDPE levels low cost Malaysia and Indonesia manufacture merchant ethylene Methanol million tons NAGOTHANE naphtha naphtha prices naphtha-based natural gas olefins olefins complex ONSTREAM STATUS EXPECTED operation opportunity cost opportunity value p-xylene PANJIN petrochemical industry planning plants plastics Polyester potential production capacity production costs projects Propylene raw materials refineries region relatively requirements Sinopec Source Staff estimates STATUS EXPECTED COMPLETION styrene supply surplus synthetic fibers tariff Thailand trade Ulsan value of ethane YEOCHON