Engineering materials and their applications
This edition of the classic text/reference book has been updated and revised to provide balanced coverage of metals, ceramics, polymers and composites. The first five chapters assess the different structures of metals, ceramics and polymers and how stress and temperature affect them. Demonstrates how to optimize a material's structure by using equilibrium data (phase diagrams) and nonequilibrium conditions, especially precipitation hardening. Discusses the structures, characteristics and applications of the important materials in each field. Considers topics common to all materials—corrosion and oxidation, failure analysis, processing of electrical and magnetic materials, materials selection and specification. Contains special chapters on advanced and large volume engineering materials plus abundant examples and problems.
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The Perovskite Structure In perovskite, CaTiO3, the oxygen ions are at the
centers of the faces of the cell, the calcium ions at the corners, and the titanium in
the center (Fig. 7.20). This gives the proper formula: A particularly important
To explain these cases, let us refer to the following equations shown in the emf
series: O2 + 2H2O + 4e ▻ 4OrT +0.401 volt Fe ▻ Fe2 + + 2e - 0.440 volt We see,
therefore, that in an oxygen-concentration cell involving solution of iron at the ...
The case of water-line corrosion is similar. We find that a tank that is kept only
partly filled with water corrodes more rapidly than a completely filled one.
Corrosion takes place at the water line because of the gradient in oxygen
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The Problem of Materials Selection and Development
ceramics polymers 4 1 3 The structure of materials 5 1 4 Bonding
Metallic Structures The Unit Cell
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