Industrial and technological applications of neutrons: S. Terenzo di Lerici, Villa Marigola, 19-29 June 1990
Owing to the construction of intense neutron sources and to the remarkable progress in acquisition and elaboration equipment, neutron scattering techniques have been employed more and more not only in basic research, but also in technological areas and for the solution of specific industrial problems. This is shown by the saturation of neutron beam time available at the main European sources and by an analysis of the users' distribibution. Furthermore, the condensed-matter scientific community uses neutron scattering much more often now as a reference method and as an irreplaceable complement to other already well-established investigation techniques. The aim of this Enrico Fermi course, on which the book is based, is to provide an up-to-date picture of the main results obtained (or obtainable) by means of neutron techniques in applied research. Emphasis is placed on the information and help these techniques can offer in some major areas of condensed-matter physics and materials science and to their possible developments in the near future. The volume is basically organised in topical subjects: for each one a brief introduction to the fundamentals is given, followed by examples of the concrete or potential applications. The first half deals mainly with applications of neutron scattering to materials science (metallurgy, magnetic materials, superconductors), while the second half mainly deals with polymers, micellar fluids, interfaces and liquid crystals.
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alloy analysis anisotropy atoms average Bi3+ Bragg peaks calculated chains coherent collimator components compounds contrast copper correlation cross-section crystallite curve detector determined deuterated diffusion distribution edited elastic electron electron holes energy example experimental experiments films form factor function Hewat hydrogen incoherent scattering inelastic intensity interaction interface isotropic lattice liquid crystals lyotropic magnetic materials measurements metal method micelles molecular molecules nematic neutron beam neutron diffraction neutron reflection neutron scattering neutron source nuclear obtained optical oxide oxygen parameters particles phase phonon Phys Physics planes polymer powder diffraction pulsed quasi-elastic reactor refraction resolution sample scattering amplitude scattering angle scattering length scattering length density shows small-angle scattering smectic solid solution spectra strain stress structure factor substrate superconductivity surface surfactant technique temperature texture thermal thickness tion tron vector volume wave wave vector wavelength width X-ray