## Proceedings of the ... International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering, Volume 3American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 2002 - Arctic regions |

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Page 125

9 Intrados Lopen : Longi .

strength ( MPa ) YR = 0 . 8 Nutral side A - A Bending finish SMYS Tangent ( B ) (

As tempered ) 620 640 740 760 660 680 700 720 Tensile strength ( MPa ) Fig .

9 Intrados Lopen : Longi .

**direction**solid : Trans .**direction**Extrados Yieldstrength ( MPa ) YR = 0 . 8 Nutral side A - A Bending finish SMYS Tangent ( B ) (

As tempered ) 620 640 740 760 660 680 700 720 Tensile strength ( MPa ) Fig .

Page 500

... V velocity , m / s Welding Procedure Specification specific heat , J / kg °C

thermal conductivity , W / m °C time , s Cartesian coordinate , x

Cartesian coordinate , y

heat transfer ...

... V velocity , m / s Welding Procedure Specification specific heat , J / kg °C

thermal conductivity , W / m °C time , s Cartesian coordinate , x

**direction**Cartesian coordinate , y

**direction**Cartesian coordinate , z**direction**coefficient ofheat transfer ...

Page 527

both

overestimated the actual crack growth , both in ... 4mm , 2c = 8mm ) , rather

similar crack growth in the a -

My solution .

both

**directions**. Generally , use of the 2D - My solution still significantlyoverestimated the actual crack growth , both in ... 4mm , 2c = 8mm ) , rather

similar crack growth in the a -

**direction**was predicted using either the 2D - or 3DMy solution .

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analysis anchor applied assessment bending calculated carried coating compared composite compressive considered corrosion crack crack growth curve cycles damage defects deformation depth determined developed direction displacement distribution dynamic effect element Engineering equation estimated evaluation factor failure fatigue field Figure finite element flexible fracture function geometry given Grade heat increase initial installation insulation integrity International joint length limit load locations material maximum mean measured mechanical method mooring observed obtained Offshore operation parameters performed pipe plate predicted present pressure problem procedure production properties range reliability represent residual resistance respectively riser rope safety shown shows side simulation solution specimens stage standard steel strain strength stress structure surface Table temperature tensile tension thermal thickness titanium uncertainties variable weld