## Proceedings of the ... International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering, Volume 3American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 2002 - Arctic regions |

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Page 193

The residual strains in the longitudinal and circumferential directions were

symbolized as ' L ' and ' C ' ,

approximately 1 degree for both pipes . In the experiments , the longitudinal

strain increased ...

The residual strains in the longitudinal and circumferential directions were

symbolized as ' L ' and ' C ' ,

**respectively**. Here , the bending angles wereapproximately 1 degree for both pipes . In the experiments , the longitudinal

strain increased ...

Page 194

In these figures , the lines and plots represent the results of the analyses and the

experiments ,

length of the pipe with strain that exceeds 0.2 % in the absolute value . Based on

...

In these figures , the lines and plots represent the results of the analyses and the

experiments ,

**respectively**. Here , deformation length , n , was defined as thelength of the pipe with strain that exceeds 0.2 % in the absolute value . Based on

...

Page 380

Let oi and e denote the global coordinates of node 1 and node Ne of element e ,

which are two end nodes ,

equals de - 01. Let de be the coordinate variable of the local coordinate system

with ...

Let oi and e denote the global coordinates of node 1 and node Ne of element e ,

which are two end nodes ,

**respectively**. The range angle ge of the elementequals de - 01. Let de be the coordinate variable of the local coordinate system

with ...

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