## Proceedings of the ... International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering, Volume 3American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 2002 - Arctic regions |

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Page 193

In these figures , the lines and plots represent the results of the analyses and the

fullscale experiments ,

circumferential directions were symbolized as ' L ' and ' C ' ,

In these figures , the lines and plots represent the results of the analyses and the

fullscale experiments ,

**respectively**. The residual strains in the longitudinal andcircumferential directions were symbolized as ' L ' and ' C ' ,

**respectively**.Page 194

In these figures , the lines and plots represent the results of the analyses and the

experiments ,

length of the pipe with strain that exceeds 0 . 2 % in the absolute value . Based

on ...

In these figures , the lines and plots represent the results of the analyses and the

experiments ,

**respectively**. Here , deformation length , 2 , was defined as thelength of the pipe with strain that exceeds 0 . 2 % in the absolute value . Based

on ...

Page 380

Let di and e denote the global coordinates of node 1 and node Ne of element e ,

which are two end nodes ,

equals ee - 01 . Let de be the coordinate variable of the local coordinate system

with ...

Let di and e denote the global coordinates of node 1 and node Ne of element e ,

which are two end nodes ,

**respectively**. The range angle ge of the elementequals ee - 01 . Let de be the coordinate variable of the local coordinate system

with ...

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alloys analysis applied approximately assessment bending calculated carried coating compared composite compressive considered corrosion crack crack growth curve cycles damage defect deformation depth determined developed direction distribution effect element Engineering equation estimated evaluation experience factor failure fatigue field Figure flaw flexible fracture function geometry given Grade heat higher hydrogen important increase initial installation insulation integrity International joint length limit load locations lower material maximum mean measured mechanical method observed obtained Offshore operation parameters performed pipe plate predicted present pressure problem procedure production properties range reliability residual resistance respectively riser rope safety samples shown shows side simulation solution specimens standard steel strain strength stress structure surface Table temperature tensile tension thermal thickness titanium toughness uncertainties variables weld