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Polynorbornene for Lowk Interconnection
High Thermal Stability for ULSI Interlayer Dielectric
F During Oxygen Plasma Annealing
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addition adhesion analysis annealing applications atoms bond capacitance chamber chemical coating compared concentration copolymers cost cured curve cycle decrease density dependence deposited determined device dielectric constant diffusion DISCUSSION effect electrical electron energy etch etch rate experiments Figure flow fluorine formed function groups heating higher improved increase indicate integrated interconnect interface layer less lines loss low dielectric constant lower materials measured mechanical metal mode modulus moisture observed obtained occurs oxide oxygen PA-N peak performance plasma polishing polyimide polymer pressure Proc properties range ratio reaction reduced refractive index relative Research resistance respectively sample shown shows Si-F signal silicon SiO2 SiOF films solution spectra strength stress structure substrate surface Table Teflon temperature TEOS thermal thermal stability thickness thin films treatment wafer