Physics in Nuclear Medicine
James A. Sorenson, Michael E. Phelps
Grune & Stratton, 1987 - Medical - 590 pages
This highly informative text provides a comprehensive introduction to the physics of nuclear medicine. Coverage includes basic principles of atomic and nuclear physics, radioactivity and radioactive decay, radiation detectors, and basic radiation counting electronics. Statistics, radiation interactions and dosimetry, instrumentation for nuclear counting and imaging, radiation safety, and health physics are all discussed in detail.
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BASIC ATOMIC AND NUCLEAR
Decay by p Emission
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7-ray energy absorber amount amplifier Anger camera atomic number average background counting beam binding energy bremsstrahlung calculated calibration Chapter characteristic charged particle circuit collimator components Compton scattering constant counter counting measurements counting rate cumulated activity curve deadtime decreases density detection efficiency determined display distance distribution dose effect emission emitted emitters energy resolution Equation example factor fraction frequency FWHM half-life Hine GJ increases instrument interactions ionization ionization chamber liquid scintillation Nal(Tl neutrons noise nuclear medicine nucleus nuclides number of counts obtained orbital electron output pulse pair production percent photoelectric photon photon energy photopeak PM tubes Poisson distribution preamplifier production proportional counters pulse amplitude radiation detector radiation event radioactive decay radionuclide range ratemeter rays recorded relatively result sample scan Section semiconductor detectors shell signal source organ spectrum statistical Table target thickness tion tissue tomography tracer typically versus voltage window