Beyond Ethnocentrism: A Reconstruction of Marx's Concept of Science
In this time of great upheaval in Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union, Karl Marx's relevance to contemporary social science may seem remote. However, this important study by Charles McKelvey shows just the opposite: Marx's concept of science can help social scientists gain a greater understanding of today's world society. Western ethnocentrism has, McKelvey argues, isolated the Euro-American social scientist from a true picture of conditions in the Third World. Modern sociology must rethink itself, McKelvey believes, in light of Marxian concepts, Immanuel Wallerstein's "world systems perspective," and the cognitional theory of philosopher Bernard Lonergan. The main purpose of McKelvey's book is to formulate a social scientific method for the attainment of objective knowledge. First, the book examines elements of Marx's work which have been overlooked or misunderstood. Next, McKelvey takes a sociology of knowledge approach and studies Marx's biography in order to grasp the full essence of Marx's concept of science. The book then draws on Lonergan's philosophy to reformulate Marx's concept of science in a manner appropriate for the twentieth century. The final part of the book illustrates Marx's reconstructed concept of science through discussion of theories of Third World underdevelopment. Beyond Ethnocentrism will be of great interest to sociologists, political scientists, historians, and philosophers whose work focuses on Marx or Marxist literature, social science, or Lonergan.
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SCIENCE AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
THE PROLETARIAN POINT OF VIEW
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Accordingly African nationalist agricultural analysis assumptions attained Bernard Lonergan Bottomore bourgeois bourgeoisie capitalism capitalist capitalist production colonial domination commune concept of science conceptual schemes consciousness context critical theory cultural David Ricardo economic system economists emergence empirical encounter fact Feuerbach German philosophy given the objective Gouldner grasp Habermas Hegel historical horizon Horkheimer human ideology insights intellectual judgment Korsch labor power Lonergan Lukacs Marcuse Marx & Engels Marx maintains Marx's concept McLellan national liberation movements objective conditions objective knowledge Padover Paris particular interests Physiocrats point of view political economy possible proletarian point proletarian struggle proletariat reason reflection Ricardo Russia sense Shanin social movements social position social reality social science social scientists socialist society sociologist sociology subjected groups subjected social groups surplus value takes as given theoretical Third World traditional transformation truth twentieth century vantage point Wallerstein Weber Western workers working-class struggle world-systems perspective writes Young Hegelians