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whoever had received any book from his hands must immediately return it on pain of civil punishment. The remark of the governor, while he was sitting in judgment, deserves to be marked by all persons who regard Roman catholicity as other than the system of the man of sin.'—'The Latins,' that is, the Roman Catholics, ‘say, that the books you have issued,' the books of the Old and of the New Testament scriptures, are neither Mussulman, Jewish, nor Christian books.' The governor put the question to Mr. Fisk, “What books are these that you distribute ?" He answered, “The law, the psalms, the prophets and the gospel.” “But why,” said the governor, “do you bring so many of them into this country ?

“Because Christians here have no printing presses, and when they want the scriptures, they are obliged to write them out with great labour; whereas we are able easily to supply them with printed copies.” “But why do you bring books in Arabic ?"

“Because many Christians can read no other language.” Then turning to one of his attendants, he observed, “That is what I said.” Then came the question. “Why do you give them to Mussulmans ?” Mr. Fisk and his friends replied, “It is not our wish to do any thing in secret, nor to distribute books in this country, which we are not willing that you should all read; nor do we consider it unlawful for Mussulmans to read Christian books. If Mussulmans wish to read our books, and learn what we believe, we are always ready to give them an opportunity.” The governor said that was well, begged them not to be offended, told them he had no knowledge of the affair when they were arrested, but that the whole was done by the judge, and added, “You will lodge here with my nephew to night, and to-morrow return to your rooms.” His nephew, Hosein Beg, conducted them to his room, insisted on Mr. Fisk taking his own seat in the corner of the sofa, which is the place of honour, ordered sherbet, pipes, coffee, and a supper, and said as many as twenty or thirty times, “ Excuse us." “Be not offended with us.” After supper he and they entered into a free conversation about the Arabic language, and then about the Bible, and the Koran, and Christ, and Mahommed. Mr. Fisk was struck with the remark, as coming from him at that time and place, “This house is the place where our Lord Jesus was condemned.” It was even so and they had the unmerited honour of being arraigned for the word of God, and for the testimony of Jesus, in the palace of the governor, which now occupies the ground where the palace of Pilate stood. Mr. Fisk reflected, “ It is enough for the disciple that he be as his Master, and the servant as his Lord.' Redeemer was condemned to death for our sakes, it is but a small matter that we should suffer a short confinement for his name's sake."

Very often did this devoted missionary express the most desponding sentiments as to the moral renovation of Jerusalem ; and he had good cause. But, soon after the events which have been narrated, he was overtaken at Beyroot, with his death illness; he knew himself to be dying; he was attended, in his last moments, by several fellow-missionaries who looked to him-for I quote their own language

as their elder brother ;' he was asked by them, in his prospect of death, what course he would advise them to pursue ? and-in spite of his own utter want of success, in spite of the most discouraging and antagonist circumstances, and, as if incited to holy zeal by the very adversities which he had undergone,

- he said, in the prospect of appearing before the judgment of God, “I have no particular plan to recommend; but with regard to the station at Jerusalem, I should be sorry if it were given up." What could have incited Mr. Fisk to such devoted conduct, but love to souls, and a desire to promote the glory of the Saviour, and a holy regard to the recompence of reward ?'

If our

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The Pearl of Days.

The Seventh-day rest of the early week,) with gladness, for, on this day, Christians.

Jesus rose again from the dead.” Tertul

lian, who wrote about the year 200, says, The Christians of the early centuries ob- “On Sunday, we indulge ourselves with served the first day of the week as a sea- joy;" and again, “On the Lord's day, we son of sacred rest, of holy rejoicing, and of think it wrong either to fast, or to practise religious worship. They currently called it humiliation.” Clement of Alexandria, who the Lord's day; in most instances, they wrote a very few years later, says, “He applied to it this name in length; and in a who truly keeps the Lord's day shows few, they called it elliptically the Lord's,' forth, in his keeping of it, the glory of the leaving the word day to be supplied. But Lord's resurrection. Other early authors when addressing, heathens, and in those -particularly Justin Martyr and Origenvindicatory appeals to the Roman governors employ similar language, and even dilate or people, which have been termed • Apolo- more at length on the sentiment which it gies,' their writers, in order apparantly to expresses. A remarkable fact-recorded make themselves fully understood, call the on the authority of Tertullian, who himday Sunday,'—the name by which it was self was one of their number—is, that even known among the worshippers of the sun. the Cataphrygians, whose most distinguishThus, Justin Martyr, when informing the ing peculiarity was an austere regard to a heathens of the time and order of the mortifying of the body, "abstained from Christian assemblies, says, “ They meet to- fasting on the joyous season of the Lord's gether for religious exercises on the day day.' The gladsomeness and the spirit of which is called Sunday.” But though the jubilee, which, according to these testiearly Christian writers occasionally practised monies, the early Christians threw around this accommodation of phraseology to the their seventh-day rest, afford the best exheathens, they, remarkably enough, pur- planation of what, at first sight, would sued an opposite policy to the Jews; and seem to have been an inconsistency, their while they adopted, by accommodation, the observance, in some districts and to a moword •Sunday, they concurred to fix an dified extent, of the Old Testament Sabodium, or a mark of judaizing error, on the bath. Many of the eastern churches, word .Sabbath.' Throughout many of composed as much of Jewish converts as of their writings—and especially Justin Mar. heathens, or even more of the former than tyr in his Dialogue with Trypho,' and of the latter, set apart both the seventh Tertullian in his tract against the Jews'— and the first days of the week as days of rethey vehemently denounce .Sabbatizing,' ligious observance.Hence, Origen mentions or the religious observance of the Jewisb Saturday as one of four seasons which, in Sabbath; and, in general, they employ the his time, were regarded as sacred. But word “Sabbath' in an offensive sense, to whatever inconsistency or anomaly may be denote what was essentially, inconsistent on the face of this apparent sabbatizing,' with the seventh-day rest of the Christians, is fully explained by Victorin of Hungary, and what could not, by any stretch of ac- who wrote about the year 290, when he commodation, be made to designate it. So says, “We are used to fast on the seventh early as the year 105, Ignatius says, “Let day;" and again, “ It is our custom then to us no longer keep a Sabbath, but let us ob- fast, lest we should seem to observe the serve the Lord s day, on which our Life Sabbath of the Jews.” rose:” and again, “Instead of keeping a The early Christians observed their Sabbath, let us observe the Lord's day, the seventh-day rest, or the Lord's day,' by day of Christ's resurrection, the queen of performing acts of public worship, and days, on which our Life arose and achieved maintaining, during the intervals, a pecuthe victory over death.”

liarly devotional spirit. Tertullian calls The Christians esteemed the Lord's day their current observances of that day, a season of holy rejoicing, and assigned as The Lord's day solemnities,”—and he, it their reason for doing so, that it was com- is to be remembered, is a chief authority memorative of that most joyous of all that they used it as a season of holy reevents, the resurrection of our Lord and joicing; and he, in consequence, exhibits Saviour. Barnabas, the companion and them as combining gladness with gravity, fellow-traveller of Paul, says, “ We keep happiness with holiness, the solace of the the eighth day, (that is, the first day of the heart with the sadness of the countenance.

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136

DROPPINGS OF THE SANCTUARY.

Clement of Alexandria says, “A true though they do not use the Christian phrase Christian, according to the commands of the Lord's day,' describe the Christian the gospel, observes the Lord's day, by people as observing, in a manner and at a ejecting bad thoughts and cherishing good time peculiar to themselves, a season of reones, and by showing forth the glory of ligious rest. Minucius Felix says, “The the Lord's resurrection." Dionysius of Christians assemble to eat on a solemn Corinth, who wrote about the year 170, day;" and Pliny says, “ The Christians says, in general terms, “ This being the meet together on an appointed day, to sing Lord's day, we keep it holy;" and, entering praises to Christ, as unto a God, and to into details, he speaks of practices and bind themselves by a sacrament. mentions observances which identify the May this brief sketch of the prevailing usages of this day with those of the public opinions and observances of the early religious worship of the churches. Justin Christians, as to their seventh-day rest, lead Martyr says, “On the day which is called followers of the Redeemer in the present Sunday, all Christians both in town and times to pray for heavenly influence, that country hold assemblies, and attend to they may be in the Spirit on the Lord's preaching and prayer and the other parts day of divine worship.” Even heathen writers,

Droppings of the Sanctuary.

It is impossible for a thoughtful per- To behold in love Christ's holiness, son not to feel concern for the errors and to raise our hopes to Him, is more of former life: this should occasion productive of a good life than to weep watchfulness, but never produce a over our infirmities. sensation of despair.

The evils of life may be dismissed To keep straight forward, to strive or moderated, by a sense of God's to recover our losses, is necessary; to goodness, and a desire of conformity stop and lament, is an aggravation of to his will. the case.

No good end can be obtained Christ, in all his offices of divinity without the effectual means; Christ and humanity, gave himself to prevent recommends importunity to obtain his his lost creatures from despairing. heavenly grace,--the gift of his Holy

Though sin incurred the wrath of Spirit. God, his mercy has so prevailed, that What great skill is acquired by our fears ought to be hushed. persisting in the study of science !

Dreadful is the nature of sin : How great then may be our improvenothing less than the death of every ment in the walk with God! man, and the death of Jesus, the Son What surprising revelations were of God (equal with the Father), in the made to the prophets who devoted nature of man, could abate its baneful themselves to God: as to Abraham, to consequence.

whom God spoke face to face, and “Save us, 0 holy Jesus, from our called his friend : to David, a man sins, past, present, and to come !" after his own heart: to Daniel who might be continually on our lips, was greatly beloved. To St. John when we feel the danger we are in of and St. Paul, God revealed himself offending the purity of God.

personally. We cannot contemplate ourselves, Without an entire devotion to God, without being sensible of great defects: there is no perfect faith, no solid but when we contemplate the immacu- assurance of obtaining his love and late Jesus—it brings tears of joy for so securing his protection. great a deliverance, with tears of sorrow Despair has no trust in God, which for our transgressions.

the Christian religion commands.

Dying Hours.

President Edwards.'

suitable to the occasion! and what need of

more! There is in them as much matter This eminent man fell a victim to the of instruction and support as if he had small pox. This dreadful disorder being written a volume. Thus he had the uninvery prevalent, and likely to spread in the terrupted use of his reason to the last, and part of America where he then resided, and died with as much calmness and composure, Mr. Edwards having never had it, was, to all appearance as if he had been only by his own desire, and the advice of his going to sleep; the physician who attended physician, inoculated for it, on February him, has the following words in his letter, 13th, 1758. He had it favourably, and it by which he communicated to Mrs. Edwards was thought that all danger was over; but the mournful intelligence:-“Never did any a secondary fever set in, and the number mortal man more fully and clearly evidence of pustules in his throat caused such an the sincerity of all his professions by one obstruction, that the medicines necessary continued universal calm, cheerful resignato check the fever could not be administered. tion, and patient submission to the Divine It therefore raged till it put an end to his will through every stage of disease than he. life, on the 22nd of March following, and Not so much as one discontented expression, in the 55th year of his age.

nor the least appearance of murmuring A little before his death, being sensible through the whole! And never did any he could not survive, he called his daughter, person expire with more perfect freedom who attended him in his sickness, and ad- from pain; not so much as one distortion, dressed her in a few words, which were but in the most proper sense of the words, immediately taken down in writing, as he really fell asleep.” nearly as could be recollected, as follows: * Dear Lucy, it seems to me to be the will

Wesley's Last Words. of God that I must shortly leave you; therefore, give my kindest love to my dear When Wilberforce was about to bring the wife, and tell her that the uncommon union question of abolition before the House in which has subsisted so long between us, has 1791, he received the following animating been of such a nature as I trust is spiritual; charge, traced upon the bed of death by the and therefore will continue for ever. And faltering hand of the venerable Wesley :I hope she will be supported under so great

“Feb. 24, 1791. a trial, and submit cheerfully to the will of “My dear Sir,-Unless the Divine Power God. As to you, my children, you are now has raised you up to be as Athanasius contra like to be left fatherless; this I hope will be mundum, I see not how you can go through an inducement to you all to seek that Father your glorious enterprise, in opposing that who will never fail you.” He then gave execrable villainy which is the scandal of directions concerning his funeral; that it religion, of England, and of human nature. shoud be plain and not attended with pomp Unless God has raised you up for this very and cost, by giving away a number of costly thing, you will be worn out by the opposition mourning scarfs, &c.; that nothing should of men and devils; but if God be for you, be expended but what was agreeable to who can be against you? Are all of them the dictates of Christian decency; and that together stronger than God? Oh, be not the difference between the sum expended weary of well-doing. Go on in the name of on this and a more modish funeral, should God, and in the power of his might, till even be given to the poor out of his estate American slavery, the vilest that ever saw

In his sickness he said but very little, the sun, shall vanish away before it. That but was an admirable instance of patience he who has guided you from your youth and resignation to the last. Just at the up, may continue to strengthen you in this close of life, some persons standing by, and and all things, is the prayer of, dear Sir, expecting he would breathe his last in a few your affectionate servant, minutes, were lamenting his death not only

“ JOHN WESLEY.” as a great frown on the college, but as It seems probable that this was amongst having a dark aspect on the interest of the very last efforts of his pen. On the religion in general, not imagining that he 25th of February he sank into that lethargy heard or ever would speak again: to their in which he lay until his death, upon the surprise, however, he said, Trust in God, 2nd of March. It is docketed by Mr. Wiland ye need not fear.” These were his berforce, “Wesley's last words.' last words. What could have been more

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