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CONVERSATION.-Mrs. Hannah More re- hold a soft and tender female, who had been marks, that “there are few occasions in all weakness and dependence, and alive to life in which we are more called upon to every trivial roughness, while treading the watch ourselves narrowly, and to resist the prosperous paths of life, suddenly rising in temptations, than in conversation.” Dr. mental force to be the comforter and supJohnson also observed, that great talents porter of her husband under misfortune, for conversation required to be accompanied and abiding, with unshrinking firmness, the with great politeness; he who eclipses bitterest blast of adversity.- Irving. others, owes them great civilities, and whatever a mistaken vanity may tell us, it is

HUMAN LIFE.--Hope writes the poetry better to please in conversation than to

of the boy, but memory that of the man. shine in it.

Man look forward with smiles, but back

ward with sighs. Such is the wise proREASON AND KINDNESS.— The language vidence of God. The cup of life is sweetest of reason, unaccompanied by kindness, will at the brim, the flavour is impaired as we often fail of making an impression; it has drink deeper, and the dregs are made bitter no effect on the understanding, because it that we may not struggle when it is taken touches not the heart. The language of from our lips. kindness, unassociated with reason, will frequently be unable to persuade; because, RELIGIOUS DREAMS.—A man applied to though it may gain upon the affections, it the Rev. Rowland Hill, for admission to his wants that which is necessary to convince church, and began to give an account of his the judgment. But let reason and kind- experience by relating a dream. “ We will ness be united in a discovery, and seldom tell you” said Mr. Hill, “what we think of will even pride or prejudice find it easy to your dream, after we see how you go on resist.—Gisborne.

when you are awake.”

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WOMAN'S FORTITUDE.—I have often had CLEVER IDIOTS.-Paradoxical as this occasion to remark the fortitude with which title sounds, we know not how better to women sustain the most overwhelming re- entitle those cases of idiocy, which occaverse of fortune. Those disasters which sionally give out such vivid gleams of break down the spirit of a man, and pros- rationality as shine in the following anectrate him in the dust, seem to call forth all dotes. It is said that Bossuet once offered the energies of the softer sex, and give such to give an idiot an apple, if he would tell intrepidity and elevation to their character, him where God was. The answer of the that at times it approaches to sublimity. idiot was, “I will give you two, if you will Nothing can be morce touching than to be- me where he is not.”



The following lines are also attributed to MARTIN LUTHER'S LAST WILL AND an idiot.

PRAYER.—O Lord God, I thank thee that

thou wouldest have me to be poor, and a “ Could we with ink the ocean fill,

beggar upon the earth. I have no house, Were the whole earth of parchment made lands, possessions, or money to leave. Thou Were every single stick a quill;

hast given me a wife and children; to thee And every man a scribe by trade;

I return them: nourish, teach, and save To write the love of God above, Would drain the ocean dry,

them, as hitherto thou hast me, oh Father Nor could the scroll contain the whole

of the fatherless and Judge of the widow. Though stretched from sky to sky."

Oh, my heavenly Father, the Father of our

Lord Jesus Christ, the God of all consolaMARTIN LUTHER'S ACTIVITY.–From tions, I thank thee that thou hast revealed 1517 to 1526, the first ten years of the thy Son Jesus Christ to me, me on whom, Reformation, the number of his publications I have believed, whom I have professed, was three hundred; from 1526 to 1536, the whom I have loved, whom I have celesecond decade, the number was two hundred brated; whom the Bishop of Rome, and all and eighty-three. His first book was pub- the multitude do persecute with reproach. lished in November 1517, and he died in I pray thee, O Lord Jesus Christ, receive February 1546—an interval of twenty-nine my soul. My heavenly Father, although I years and four months. In this time he am taken out of this life, though I must now published seven hundredand fifteen volumes lay down this body, yet I certainly know I -an average of more than twenty-five a

shall dwell with thee for ever, neither can I year, or twenty-five a year, or once a fort- by any be plucked out of thy hands. God night of his public life.

He did not go

so loved the world, that he gave his only through the manual labor of all this writing begotten Son, that whosoever believeth on it is true, for many of his published works his name shall never perish, but have everwere taken down from his lips by his lasting life. friends; and it is also true, that several of the volumes were small enough in size to be denominated pamphlets; but many of them, The bird that soars on highest wing, also, are large and elaborate treatises. In Builds on the ground her lowly nest; the circumstances in which he wrote, his And she that doth so sweetly sing, translation of the Bible alone would have Sings in the shade when all things rest: been a gigantic task, even if he had had a In lark and nightingale we see lifetime to devote to it.

What honor hath humility.


Temperance Advocate.

A Looking-glass for a Drunkard. The evils of Drunkennesse.
From a Tract, published in 1652.

Drunkennesse confounds the memory,

dulls the understanding, distempers the The Definition of a Drunkard. body, defaceth the beauty, hurts the mind.

It inflames the blood; it engenders unnatuA drunkard is the annoyance of modesty; ral thirst, a stinking breath, redness of the the trouble of civility; the spoil of wealth; eyes. It diminisheth strength; it brings the destruction of reason. He is the brewer's woes, sorrows, wounds without cause; agent; the alehouse benefactor; the beggar's corrupteth the blood, drowneth the spirits. companion; the constable's trouble. He is It enricheth the carcasse with surfeits ; his wife's woe; his children's sorrow; his turneth blood into water; turns reason to neighbor's scoffe; his own shame. In poyson. It causeth vomiting and filthiness. summe, a tubbe of swill; a spirit of sleep; By excessive drinking, come dropsies, cona picture of a beast; a monster of a man. sumptions, and cold diseases, with untimely

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deaths. Many, by drinking healths to tinue till night, the wine inflaming them. others, leave none to themselves. Drunk- Isa. v. 11. Wo to them that are mighty to enesse is a flattering devil, a sweet poyson, drink wine, and to men of strength mingling a delightsome sin, which, whoso hath in strong drinke, which causeth men to erre, himself, hath not himself; and he that and to go out of the way, being swallowed useth it, is not himself in the concrete, but up with wine and strong drink. Isa. v. 22. sinfulness itself in the abstract; being a chap. xxviii. 7, 8, &c. Awake now, ye voluntary devil, the common shame of drunkards, weep and howle, all ye drinkers nature, and the prodigious disgrace of of wine, because of the new wine, for it mankind.

shall be pulled from your mouth. Joel i.

5, &c.

Examples laid down in Scripture, shewing

Warnings and Exhortations. how drunkenesse made some fall by the sword, others became murderers, others

The drunkard shall come to poverty, rags

shall be his clothing. Prov. xxiii. 21. Wine being drunk, were murdered, betrayed; is a mocker, and strong drink is raging, and many destroyed in the middle of their sin, whosoever is deceived thereby, is not


Prov. xx. i. Remember Christ's admonition. sporting, gc.

take heed of drunkenesse. Luke xxi. 34,

Forget not Paul's and Solomon's counsel. i The Amalekites lay scattered on the earth, so that David slew them. 1 Sam. Cor. v. 11. Prov. xxiii. 20. Company not Xxx. 16.

with drunkards, &c.; and know that no Ammon's heart was merry, so that drunkard shall inherit the kingdom of heaAbsalom's servants slew him. 2 Sam.

ven. 1 Cor. xxvi. 10, 11. Therefore be not xxviii. 29.

drunken with wine, wherein is excess, but Benhadad, with 52 other kings, were by be filled with the spirit. Eph. v. 18. Israel overcome. 1 Kings xx. 16, &c.

Belshazzar's countenance fell down, and the Medes took his kingdom. Dan. v. 31.

David useth means to move Uriah to cover his sin committed. 2 Sam. xi. 13.

Human Pulsation. Elah was, by his servant conspiring against him, murdered. 1 Kings xvi. 9, 10. of a man's life may be estimated by the

An ingenious author asserts, the length Gaal, with his brethren,conspired against Abimelech. Judg. xi. 26, 27.

number of pulsations he has strength to Herod, in his drunken banquet, caused perform. Thus allowing 70 years for the John to be beheaded. Matthew xiv. 10.

common age of man, and 60 pulses in a The Israelites drank till they were minute, for the common measure of pulses thirsty. Hell was prepared for them. in a temperate person, the number of pulIsa. v. 12, 14.

sations in his whole life would amount to Nabal's heart was merry and suddenly died within him. 1 Sam. xxv. 26, 27. 2, 207, 520, 000; but if, by intemperance or

The Philistines sporting with Samson, the use of strong drink, he forces his blood were, by the fall of an house, slaine. Jud. into a more rapid motion, so as to give 75 xvi. 26-30.

pulses in a minute, the same number of Priests and prophets stumble in judgment, and faile by vision. Isa. xxviii. 7. pulses would be completed in 56 years;

The Corinthians profaned the Lord's consequently his life would be reduced supper by their immoderate drinking fourteen years. Temperance produces before. I Cor. xi. 21.

health and longevity. Threatenings to Drunkards.

Printed by JOHN KENNEDY, at his Printing Office, 35, Wo to them that rise up early in the Portman Place, Maida Hill, in the County of Middlesex,

London.-January, 1850. morning, to follow strong drink, that con


Then we

The Two Parts of which we are composed. What is man? Have you ever asked yourself this question, reader? If y

you have seriously done so, it has puzzled and almost confounded you. We know not what we are. All that we can learn about ourselves, is no more than the simple fact with which every child is acquainted, that we are made of a body and a soul; that we are composed of two very different parts, which became connected we know not when, and affect one another we know not how. They are called in Scripture " the dust” and “the spirit.” These two united form that common, but most mysterious piece ofworkmanship which we call man.

By the dust we are undoubtedly to understand the body, that part of us which may be seen and felt. The body is called by this humiliating name partly on account of its origin. “Of the dust of the ground” did the Lord God form man.

He could have formed him without this dust, without any materials whatsoever ; but to keep him low, to mortify the pride of his vain descendants, he took the meanest substance that the earth could furnish, and moulded that into the shape of man. Hence we are said to dwell “ in houses of clay ;' the habitation of our spirit is called “an earthly house;" its foundation is in " the dust,” and of dust are its walls composed. This expression may refer, also, to the perishable nature of our bodies. They are not formed of materials that are strong and lasting, of brass, or iron, or stone. might have defied the hand of violence, and of time. But we are dust, one of the lightest, the most unstable of all earthly substances. One moment, it lies before us in our path ; the next a breath of wind removes it, and scatters it at its will. But there is one idea more comprehended under this term—meanness, worthlessness. Nothing is of less value than dust. It is rudely trodden on by every foot. It is sometimes removed as a nuisance out of our path. And what is the worth of these bodies of ours, which we pamper and adorn with so much care ? True, they are the workmanship of God, monuments of the Omnipotence which could build so wondrous a fabric from materials so vile ; but they still are dust, composed of the same elements as the body of the meanest reptile, as a blade of grass. They are of importance to us now, because they are the tabernacles of the immortal soul; but separate them from that soul, take them when the soul has forsaken them ; what is their value then? Our friends will tell. They will bury us out of their sight. In the very houses which we now call our own, we shall be denied a lodging. Loved or hated, a grave will be dug for us, and we shall be left in it in darkness and alone, valued only by the worm that takes us for its prey.

But man is not all dust. “ There is a spirit in him.” And it is his own spirit; it forms a part of him. And what is the spirit ? None but the living God can tell. It is that strange something within us, which no human eye has ever seen, but without which we can do nothing, and are nothing, at least no more than a clod or stone. It dwells in the body, animates and rules it ; but is not confined to it. Spurning the limits of time and space, it roves among


ages that are gone, as though it had lived in them. By the wings of its powerful imagination, it flies to the remotest parts of the earth, it ranges through the orbs of the sky; nay, it soars beyond them. Guided by the light sent down from heaven, it rises to the great God himself, penetrates into that invisible eternity which he inhabits, and elevates, and expands, and transforms itself, by contemplating those glories which are at his right hand. In its nature, it is altogether different from the other part of us. We know not how

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ít was made, but we know that nothing on the earth was employed in the creation of it. It was altogether heavenly in its origin, brought into existence by the immediate act of God. If formed of any materials, they are such as defy our efforts to attain the faintest conception of them, such as angels were created from, such perhaps as angels cannot comprehend. It is immortal. The body is of short duration. It soon arrives at its perfection, and soon decays. It may be speedily worn out. But the soul never dies. It may change; it may be enfeebled, or polluted, or degraded; but it cannot be destroyed. Even sin, that has withered all its beauty, cannot put an end to its existence. Corruption and the worm cannot touch it. Amidst all the generations of time, all the ravages of death, all the vicissitudes of human things, it lives and acts. The wreck of a world can no more injure it, than the fall of a leaf in a distant forest, can wound the eagle that is soaring in the skies.

Is not man then a mysterious being ? Look at his body. How fearfully and wonderfully is it made! Composed of dust, and yet so contrived and framed, that the wisest of the sons of men cannot learn its structure ! He owns himself baffled as he studies it; and the more he studies it, the more is he lost in admiration at the number and variety of its parts, Every limb, every vessel, every movement within it, is an amazing proof, we might almost say, an amazing effort, of Almighty power and skill. But this is nothing when compared with the spirit. The one excites our admiration as we think of it; the other will not let us think of it. It is out of our reach. It bewilders and overwhelms us. And then the union that exists between this moulded dust and the immortal spirit-how close is it? To affect the one is, in some degree, to affect the other. The body trembles when the mind is shaken, and the mind faints when the body droops. And this union is as strange as it is close. What is the tie which connects these two parts of us? They are held together by the breath which is every moment passing to and fro from our nostrils ; at least, when that breath ceases to pass, there union ends.

We need not then look around us for wonders. We ourselves are wonders. The youngest child is enough to confound and humble an inquiring world.

The Different Destinations of the Human Body and Spirit at

Death. The two parts of which we are composed, though closely united, are not inseparable. A trifle can, at any time, sever them. Sooner or later they must

parted. If disease or violence do not rend them asunder, they will separate of themselves. As though weary of their union, each will bid to its loved partner a long farewell, and go to its different home; and look at their different destinations.

See what becomes of the body at death. “ Then shall the dust return to the earth as it was;" that is, the body shall become just what it was before the hand of God modelled, and the living soul animated it. It was dust, and it shall return to dust again. A humiliating and loathsome process shall mingle it with the clods of the valley, and give it to the winds of heaven. And must it really come to this ? Must the forms that move around us, must the frames of our children and friends that seem so firm, thus perish? They must. They may

dear to us, as we look on them they may appear so lovely and so strong that we can hardly deem it true that death can harm them; but they will soon be gone, gone as a dream of the night, or a shadow of the morning. We ourselves shall follow them. We may go before them. Ere we are

be very

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