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How TO DRESS WELL.--Dr. Johnson do you not see in this man your own unbespeaking of a lady, who was celebrated for lief and folly? He who has accepted your dressing well, remarked, “The best for person, and is your reconciled Father in evidence that I can give you of her perfec- Christ Jesus, expects you to cast upon him tion in this respect is, that one can never all your burden of cares too, and be able to remember what she had on. Delicacy of feel- sustain it. ing in a lady will prevent her putting on LAMARTINE -Lamartine when plunged any thing calculated to attract notice: and in the very thick of political strife, found yet a female of good taste, will dress so as time to commence a "History of the Restoto have every part of her dress correspond. ration,” to edit a daily newspaper, to write Thus while she avoids what is showy and a bi-monthly political pamphlet, and to attractive, every thing will be adjusted so produce a monthly literary periodical. He as to exhibit symmetry and taste.


has knocked off two more volumes of the DOMESTIC Peace.-The less of physical history aforesaid, in one of which, by the force or menacing language we use,—the way, there is a very graphic account of the less, to take an expressive word, we scold battle of Waterloo, written apparently unour children,—the more order and quiet der the influence of a real admiration of we shall commonly secure. I have seen a the generalship of Wellington, and of the family where a single word, or a look even, heroic bravery of our noble soldiers. And would allay a rising storm. The gentle he has commenced the publication of a bụt firm method, is the best security for semi-literary, semi-historical periodical, domestic peace.

under the droll title of “Le Civilisateur"ON SUFFERING INJURIES. I have this as if the most civilized people on earth,” moment heard of a most malignant attempt as the French like to call themselves, could to injure my character, and I take up my possibly want the teaching of any civilisapen to record, to the praise and glory of Besides this, the indefatigable man my God, that my soul is kept in perfect has numerous other literary projects on peace. I pity those who delight in the hand.—Literary Gazette. exercise of such wicked dispositions. Lit- The laying down of the Electric Teletle do they think that they injure them- graph between England and Belgium is to selves more than me; and that there is a be commenced without delay. The wire is day coming when the righteousness of the ready. The line will go from Dover to righteous shall be upon him, and the wick. Nieuport, and not Ostend, as at first stated. edness of the wicked shall be upon him. LIFE.- What a serious matter our life It is an unspeakable consolation that God is; how unworthy and stupid it is to trifle knoweth every thing, and will judge right- it away without heed; what a wretched, eous judgment. To him I can make my insignificant, worthless creature, any one appeal that in the point referred to I am comes to be, who does not as soon as possigreatly injured; but whilst I have the testi- ble, lend his whole strength, as in stringing mony of my own conscience, and the light a stiff bow, to doing whatever task lies first of my Redeemer's countenance, none of before him.-Sterling's last letter to his Son. these things do move me, or ought to move SPARE MOMENTS are like the gold-dust -Simeon.

of time: and Young was writing a true as A JEWISH PARABLE.—A poor man was well as a striking line when he taught that travelling on a hot day, carrying a heavy “ sands make the mountain, and moments load upon his back. A rich man passing make the year.” Of all the portions of our by in his chariot took pity on him, and in- life, spare moments are the most fruitful in vited him to take a seat in his chariot be- good as evil. They are the gaps through hind. Shortly after, on turning round, the which temptations find the easiest access to rich man saw the pilgrim still oppressed the garden of the soul. with the load upon his back, and asked him A JUST REBUKE.-A hypocritical fellow why he did not lay it on his chariot. The in Athens inscribed over his door, “Let poor man said that it was enough that he nothing evil enter here.” Diogenese wrote had been allowed to be himself carried in under, “ By what door does the owner the chariot, and he could not presume to

come in?" ask for more. “Oh, foolish man," was the THERE is this difference between hatred reply, “if I am able and willing to carry and pity; pity is something often avowed, you, am I not able also to carry your bur- seldom felt; hatred is a thing often seen, den? Oppressed and anxious Christian, seldom avowed.



WATER.-Some four-fifths of the weight Elizabeth's London citizens. What changes of the human body are nothing but water. have taken place since that day! what The blood is just a solution of the body in wonderful extension! and still London in a vast excess of water-as saliva, mucus, 1852 is not only better supplied with promilk, gall, urine, sweat, and tears are the visions than in the time of Elizabeth, but local and partial infusions effected by that also vastly improved, notwithstanding our liquid. All the soft solid parts of the frame numerous abuses, in sanitary condition. may be considered as ever temporary pre- In 1579, the alarm to which we have allucipitates or crystallizations (to use the word ded respecting the increase of London was but loosely) from the blood, that mother- so great that an inquisition was ordered to liquid to the whole body; always being be taken of the number of foreigners in precipitated or suffered to become solid, London, when it appeared that the number and always being re-dissolved, the forms had increased threefold in twelve years. remaining, but the matter never the same In 1567, the number of strangers in Lon. for more than a moment, so that the flesh don was, Scots, 40; French, 428; Spanis only a vanishing solid, as fluent as the iards and Portuguese, 45; Italians, 140; blood itself. It has also to be observed, Dutch, 2,030; Burgundians, 44; Danes, 2; that every part of the body, melting again Liegois, 1; in all, 2,730; in 1579, the numinto the river of life continually as it does, ber was 8,190. This increase produced a is also kept perpetually drenched in blood remonstrance from the Lord Mayor and by means of the blood-vessels, and more Aldermen against the number of new than nine-tenths of that wonderful current buildings and inhabitants within the city is pure water. Water plays as great a

and suburbs of London; in consequence of part, indeed, in the economy of that little which Her Majesty issued a proclamation, world, the body of man, as it still more forbidding any new buildings of a house or evidently does in the phenomenal life of the tenement within three miles from the gate world at large. Three-fourths of the sur- of the city, where no former house could be face of the earth is ocean; the dry ground remembered to have stood, and likewise not is dotted with lakes, its mountain-crests are to suffer more than one family to inhabit covered with snow and ice, its surface is any house. The Lord Mayor was empowirrigated by rivers and streams, its edges ered to commit offenders against this proare eaten by the sea; and aqueous vapour clamation, or to hold them to bail. The is unceasingly ascending from the ocean

Builder. and inland surfaces through the yielding

THE Negro POPULATION OF THE WESair, only to descend in portions and at in- TERN WORLD.-In the last number of the tervals in dews and rains, hails and snows. Anti-Slavery Reporter, we find the following Water is not only the basis of the juices of computation of the population of African all the plants and animals in the world; it descent now existing in the New World:is the very blood of nature, as is well known United States

3,650,000 to all the terrestrial sciences; and old


4,050,000 Thales, the earliest of European specula- Spanish Colonies

1,470,000 tors, pronounced it the mother-liquid of South American Republics 1,130,000 the universe. In the later systems of the

British Colonies

750,000 Greeks, indeed, it was reduced to the in- Hayti...

850,000 ferior dignity of being only one of the four French Colonies

270,000 parental natures, fire, air, earth, and wa- Dutch Colonies......

50,000 ter; but water was the highest in rank. Danish Colonies


70,000 The extent and increase of London during


35,000 the reign of Queen Elizabeth. caused the greatest alarm to the Government; yet, in


.12,370,000 comparison with the present extent and Of these, seven millions and a half are in progress of London, how idle, at a first slavery in the United States, Brazil, and glance, seems the fear; still, when we con- the Spanish and Dutch Colonies; one quarsider the sanitary condition of London at ter of a million in progress of emancipation that time, and the imperfect state of the in the South American Republics; and the roads throughout England, we cannot won- remainder, four millions, six hundred and der at the dread, particularly as plague and twenty thousand, are free. famine were frequent visitors to Queen



fine con

WILLIAM, the Conqueror, originated the of the Mint, and containing thirty autoCurfew Bell, which was rung at eight graphs of Sir Isaac Newton, sold for 401, o'clock in the evening, to warn the people and will, with the most interesting of the to put out their fires and candles; a law other MS.S. find its resting place in the made with the good intention of preventing British Museum. Lot 178, a 5. piece of the terrible conflagrations that often hap- Geo. III., dated 1820, and in

very pened in the towns, when so much wood dition, sold for 311. was used in building.

Family NAMES.—The origin of most faDuring the reign of William, the Con- mily names is too remote in the obscurity queror, the absurd mode of trial by ordeal, of the past, to be authenticated by anything which had been in general use among the better than a plausible guess. Generally Saxons, was discontinued; and the Norman they tell their own history. An indivifashion of settling legal differences by sin- dual trait of character or peculiarity of pergle combat was brought into England. son, has fixed a descriptive epithet upon an Before the conquest, surnames were not individual, and the designation extends to used in England; but the Normans adop- his posterity for ever. Thus we account ted a second name by way of distinction, easily for the Littles, the Longs, the Shorts, and it usually expressed some personal and the Broads,-the Hardys, the Strongs, quality or indicated some office.

and the Swifts. Occupations have given SPIC AND SPAN NEW.-Spic and span names to the Smiths, the Gardeners, the new is a corruption from the Italian Spic- Coopers, the Tailors, the Carpenters. Locacata de la spanna—snatched from the hand tions to the Hills, the Brooks, the Rivers. -fresh from the mint; and was coined Birds to the Martins, the Herons, the Crows, when the English mercers were as much and the Sparrows. Descent to the Williinfatuated with Italian fashions, as they amsons, Jacksons, Johnsons, Richardsons, are now with French.

and Thompsons: and so throughout the WHAT IS A POUND TROY? - In 1758, the greater number of the names in English. House of Commons issued a Commission And we suppose it is the same in all lanto adjust the standard of weight, and under guages, for the philosophy is universal. the superintendence of the officers of the Few can go back to the particular person Mint, assisted by some eminent scientific with whom the name originated, but all men, the standards were determined, and can form a very clear notion how it haptwo Troy pounds, of extreme accuracy, pened. were produced. One of these pounds was BANKRUPT.—Banks, for the deposit of deposited in the House of Commons, and money, may now be classed amongst the was destroyed in the fire in 1834, and the most magnificent buildings which ornaother, until recently, has been in private ment our large towns. This has not hands. This duplicate of the original always been the case. Originally, those standard Troy pound has been, since the who followed the profession of public destruction of its fellow, the weight always money-lenders, occupied each a bench or appealed to in any Commission for the trial bank, as it was called, (the term still preof weights. - It was, on Thursday, sold by vails in some agricultural villages) at the auction, by Messrs. Puttick and Simpson, market cross. On market days, the custhe well-known auctioneers of Piccadilly, tomers resorted to their bankers, each of amongst other effects of the late š! whom attended for the transaction of busiAlchorne, Esq., formerly, King's assay Then, as now, that business was master. The weight alluded to produced not invariably successful—occasionally the 171., and was understood to have been banker failed. When this occurred, he purchased for Government. The hydros- ceased to attend his bank, which was tatic balance used for the trial of the understood as a signal of insolvency. On standard in 1758, with several boxes of this becoming known, a party assembled extremely accurate weights, were with- at the cross (including, no doubt, some of drawn, no bidder appearing for the same. the customers of the absent banker), and The sale included many curious MS.S. on rupt or broke, his bank to pieces; after Mint affairs. Amongst these was Crocker's which, he was called a bankrupt. Even Register Book of Drawings for Medals, now, when the owner of one of these estabcertified under the hands of various officers lishments fails, we say his bank is broken. Printed by John KENNEDY, of 32 Alpha Road, Regent's Park, at his Printing Office, Paul Street,

Portman Market.






We purpose to consider, in this Essay, what course of study is the best adapted for the right developement of the intellect, and for the formation of healthy mental habits.

It will be readily allowed that a rightly developed intellect and healthy mental habits constitute the best qualification for the earnest and efficient discharge of the duties belonging to our transient, but important sphere of action. We

e may first inquire wherein such a mental condition consists-and afterwards consider what course of study is best adapted to aid in its developement.

The perfection of intelligence lies in clear and ready discernment. A mind whose perception is quick and distinct, whose judgment is sound—whose memory is retentive and available--and whose imagination, though brilliant, is controlled-presents perhaps as efficient and able an intellectual instrument as we are capable of conceiving.

But intelligence may be forfeited-and, unhappily for society, instances of the abuse of the noblest powers constitute the common material of history. It is only in proportion as the intellect is guided in all its investigations by an ardent love of truth, that it can be regarded as a beneficial agent, otherwise the degree of its ability is only the measure of its mischievous and perverting power. The healthiest mental habit that can be acquired is the love of truth. Under the steady influence of this pure passion, the intellect cannot fail to develope itself aright, and all the powers of the mind will find scope for constant activity.

This disposition, like others, will grow and strengthen in proportion as it is exercised. It is essentially active. It lies at the foundation of all that is great and useful in character ; to it we owe the noblest specimens of human nature that the page of history can present. It has been active in every onward movement of society. Where it has once taken root, no power has been equal to its destruction, no difficulty appals it, no reverence for time-honoured error arrests its course; its trophies are reared amidst the substantial progress of society, which, as it now exists, is but the earnest of still more splendid attainments. If such be the results of the love of truth, surely it is worth cultivating. We dwel, on it because it will be found to be the fruitful source of other mental habits. It will especially tend to form that capacity of attention, which is one of the most essential elements of mental progress. Perhaps nothing marks a greater difference between the intellectual power of individuals than the degree of intensity with which they are able to fix their thoughts on any subject under notice. The secret of intellectual power is largely involved in the capacity of steady and continuous attention.

It is well known that Sir I. Newton ascribed his splendid attainments, not so much to original talents, as to the exercise of patient application. This habit



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