Sex and Gender Differences in Personal Relationships

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Guilford Press, Oct 16, 1998 - Psychology - 196 pages
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Challenging the commonly held assumption that men and women hail from different psychological and social "planets, " this illuminating work reexamines what the empirical research really shows about how the sexes communicate in close relationships. The volume highlights evidence of similarities - as well as differences - between the two groups, and shows that stereotypical beliefs about men and women fail to predict their actual interaction behavior. A reasoned, provocative contribution to a significant area of study, this volume synthesizes important findings for researchers, scholars, and students in communication, social psychology, marriage and family studies, and gender studies. It is a useful primary or secondary text for undergraduate and graduate courses and will also be of interest to clinicians working with individuals, couples, and families.
 

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Contents

Moving Beyond Stereotypes
1
Investigating Sex and Gender Differences in Personal Relationships
4
A Flowchart Model Predicting Stereotypic Interaction Behavior
15
Overview of the Project
20
Conclusion
23
Sex Gender and Emotion
24
Methodological Concerns
27
Research on Sex Gender and Emotion
28
Sex Differences in Managing Interpersonal Conflict
81
Displays of Control in Conversational Behaviors
93
Relational Maintenance Behaviors
100
Conclusion
102
Division of Household Labor
105
Amount and Type of Tasks
108
Racial Considerations
115
Explaining the Division of Labor
118

Conclusion
43
Communicating Intimacy
47
Defining Intimacy
48
Two Manifestations of Intimacy
52
Friendships
58
Romantic Involvements
64
Sex Differences and Sex
67
Conclusion
72
Communicating Control
74
Power and Powerful Behavior
75
Sex Differences in Power Strategies
76
Negotiating Couple Types and Gender Identity
127
Signs of Increased Equity
129
Conclusion
132
Toward an ActivityBased View of Gender
135
Gender as Clusters of Activities
137
External Constraints on the Enactment of Gender in Personal Relationships
156
Conclusion
161
Notes
163
References
167
Index
190
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About the author (1998)

Daniel J. Canary, PhD, is Professor of Speech Communication at The Pennsylvania State University, University Park campus. Dr. Canary has written several books, book chapters, and journal articles on interpersonal communication and relationships.

Tara M. Emmers-Sommer, PhD, is Assistant Professor of Communication at the University of Oklahoma. Dr. Emmers-Sommer's research focuses on relational development and de-escalation; her interests also include the portrayal of women in the media.

Sandra Faulkner is a PhD candidate in the Department of Speech Communication at The Pennsylvania State University. Her research interests include topics related to women's health, such as safe sex talk and practices, and she teaches in the women's studies program at Penn State.

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