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obedience, peace, and joy, it is one thing only to make it telling, viz., scarcely worth while disputing truth. Our ancient friend waxes inwhether a result so good and glad dignantlyeloquentconcerning certain shall be described as 'religion of 'fines, penalties, and exactions,'which conscience' or 'religion of taste.' still remain uncancelled, and to which It was in a far different spirit from Nonconformists are legally amenathat which prompts the jealous logical ble. I venture to think his pathetic fences of Old Mortality's rigidly warmth is somewhat superfluous. defined religion, that one, who, after These alleged grievances are practiChrist himself, was the wisest, the cally obsolete, and their nominal most inspired, the most catholic of retention is mainly ascribable to the Christian teachers wrote as follows: supineness of Dissenters. And, * FOR THOUGH I BE FREE FROM ALL moreover, I ask, can the present genMEN, YET HAVE I MADE MYSELF SERVANT eration of Churchmen be fairly made UNTO ALL, THAT I MIGHT GAIN THE MORE. answerable for the ignorant injustice AND UNTO THE JEWS I BECAME AS A of remote predecessors ? Does Old JEW, THAT I MIGHT GAIN THE JEWS; Mortality disparage the stately TO THEM THAT ARE UNDER THE LAW, structure because, forsooth, the AS UNDER THE LAW, THAT I MIGHT GAIN cobwebs are not quite all swept THEM THAT ARE UNDER THE LAW; to away ? He alludes to Messrs. THEM THAT ARE WITHOUT THE LAW, AS Baines and Thorogood. I was taken WITHOUT THE LAW, THAT I MIGHT GAIN when a boy to see one of those

To martyrs in prison. I saw no signs TUE WEAK BECAME I AS WEAK, THAT I of suffering. He played the game MIGHT GAIN THE WEAK: I AM MADE of fives, I remember, and seemed ALL TAINGS TO ALL MEN, THAT I MIGHT to bear the 'durance vile' with BY ALL MEANS SAVE some.'

a philosopbic cheeriness worthy of Into the large question of an Es the immortal Tapley.

Nor were tablished Church of course I shall not there wanting, I suspect, to his enter; for, as Old Mortality truly enforced seclusion compensations surmises, we stand on quite opposite of a positive and peculiarly apground, and debate would be worse preciable nature. The semblance than useless. I did not seek by what of persecution and the notoriety I urged in my former letter to con- procured him abundant sympathy, vince him: the utmost I hoped for and doubtless brought considerable was, that I might induce him to material grist to the commercial moderate his tone of envenomed mill. In reply to my gentle inseverity. In that I deeply regret sinuation, that the identification to perceive that I have been unsuc- with the Church of England of so cessful, for the thorns of sanguinary many men whom Christians of all resentment are still sufficiently ap- denominations agree to venerate and parent, albeit this time, somewhat honour might naturally create some surrounded and decorated by the disinclination to concur in his unrose leaves of smoother speech ; sparing and stormy condemnation and to a mind in every way so com- of it, Old Mortality asks conpetent to appreciate their value, but temptuously, 'What are the lectures unfortunately warped by sectarian of Arnold and the songs of Keble rancour, learning and culture, tome?' Ianswer,'Nothing perchance genius and energy, inspired by the to you, my dear Boanerges, perpurest motives, and devoted to the adventure less than nothing and holiest uses, appeal in vain; and so vanity ; but to other innumerable powerfully is he still swayed by his less emphatic though equally con. implacable prejudices, that he has scientious persons, very much; not condescended to revive that effete because of their Churchmanship, and exhausted sneer at the ‘Calvin- but for all in their works and words istic creed, the Arminian clergy, the wbich endears them to such as look Popish ritual,' which always wanted for qualities in their teachers, that are quite independent of any ec. more, I was never taught to revile clesiastical badge they bear.' I the national church of my country; care more for men than systems, he and I have continually before me for systems more then men. I the dear memory of a father, who commend to him those noble words of sincerely loved the service of that the Laureate :

church, and who would earnestly

conform to the reverential movement, Our little systems have their day;

when in its truly congregational They have their day and cease to be : They are but broken lights of Thee,

worship, priest and people bowed And Thou, O Lord, art more than they.'

the head at the name of the

Redeemer. And I am free to conOld Mortality charges me with fess that I have no such squeamish romancing I am compelled to sentimental weakness for the sect return the compliment (or accusa- of my forefathers as can prevent tion), and to acknowledge myself me from attaching myself to that far his inferior in the art of sen- communion, wherein the purposes timental hyperbole. I never aspired of public devotion seem to me to be to produce a picture so vivid with most effectually consulted and realpicturesque contrast and chiaro- | ized, and the deepest and most oscuro as that of the 'downcast urgent needs of the individual soul Dissenter,' the village preacher,' appeased. who would be cheered in his lonely I shall now, sir, with your perpedestrian wanderings,' whose mission, take my leave in a con. dimmed eye would grow bright,'troversial capacity of Old Mortality, could he but see himself as he shines and subside into those sequestered in refulgent transfiguration before habits of thought, which to me are the 'dying eye and guilty conscience far more congenial than the public of the pampered prelate.' At the same arena of journalistic debate ; but in time I will be more just than my so doing I cannot refrain from opponent, and declare that though I recommending my much - gifted, seek in vain amongst the living re- but most inconsistent, capricious, presentatives of Anglican episcopacy and intolerant relative and friend, for the prototype of his distempered to transfer the exercise of his signal and passionate fancy, I make no abilities from the stale and undoubt that there are multitudes of profitable fields of polemical warfare, such humble servants and ministers to the ample scope and frequent of Christ as he has limned with a opportunites which present them. band so loving (I have known some selves in the organizations and such myself), who by faithful if necessities of that Christian dehomely words of exhortation, and nomination into which he was born, the loftier eloquence of earnest, with which he has identified him. consistent, and saintly lives

self, and of which he has proved

himself so skilful and enthusiastic 'Allure to brighter worlds, and lead the way.' a defender. In a course of such

worthy and enduring labours, I Old Mortality has referred to his wish him the best success, and can Dissenting ancestry. He is proud have for him no more severe desire of it: he glories in it. I respect than is implied in that clause of him therefore. Speaking for a the melting and majestic litany: moment of myself, I may say, how. From all blindness of heart; from ever, that I come of kindred lineage; pride, vain-glory, and hypocrisy; yet though nurtured in Noncon- from envy, hatred, and malice, and formist principles, I was not all uncharitableness, instructed to stifle the spirit of Good Lord, deliver us.' catholic thought, or to narrow my

I remain, spiritual sympathies to the smail

Very faithfully yours, dimensions of any single sect. Nay,


Correspondence-Asthetic Cant and the Church of England.



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ÆSTHETIC CANT AND THE vividly, or too frequently, brought

before us; for making every possible CHURCH OF ENGLAND. allowance for this institution having

been found by us, in its present How far we are about to adopt the position, and exercising all the kind. imitative, the artistic, and what is called the #sthetic, in our plans and modes of worship, wards those who comprise its con

ness and charity in our power, toit is impossible to say ; but unless the Dissenters of England take care, they will scientious adherents, it is still there, inter beneath a painted mausoleum the the same palpable and unmitigated simplicity, the purity, and the moral hindrance to the spread of the evergrandeur of the worship of “ the living and lasting and glorious gospel of the the true God.” What wonder that half, Son of God. I beg that I may be hearted Dissenters glide into the endowed communion, and that numbers of that body fairly understood. pass into the Romish church, where there I do not desire to say that the is all this childish attempt to imitate the Church of England is not doing gorgeous though flaunting, attire of the service to the cause of Christ. Babylonish usurpress. While she is by the decree of heaven preparing to lay aside her That I think would be saying the robes, shall we, as though in rebuke of that Cross had lost its power, and that decree, put on her rags? Why should we God had indeed forgotten to be as Nonconformists simulate practices which gracious. But I do say this, that are repudiated by the wisest and best men

the good it does now-or that the in the Anglican church itself? I entreat with great deference the denomination to good it ever has done-would be a which I have the honour to belong, to thousand fold enhanced if achieved guard against the emasculating, but as I without the contaminating influence trust ephemeral tendency of the times, and of the civil power. earnestly pray Almighty perpetuate that true Christian worship, goodly a band of its intelligent which is as simple in its forms as it is en members are anxiously and zealously during in its spirit.' J. P. MURSELL. seeking to relieve themselves from

some of the impediments which DEAR MR. EDITOR,—Notwithstanding retard their progress in the evangel. the special pleadings and fine senta- ization of the world. But mourn mentalism of Old Mortality's we must that even they, instead of Nephew,' I venture to ask for space seeking to destroy the evil by in your next issue for a very few casting it out by the root, seek words.

rather to preserve and consolidate The first of which shall be to the parent stem, and · fondly fancy' thank sincerely our gifted friend to realize their wishes, by pruning Old Mortality for his able and well the branches merely. Since in this timed, albeit in some respects pain. 'isle of freedom' there are some ful, essay on Asthetical Cant. If who scruple not to take God's Holy it were not, Mr. Editor, that I feel Word as a foundation whereon to we as Protestant Dissenters, and base their arguments for human still more so as professed followers slavery; we perhaps aught not to be of the despised Nazarene, are sadly surprised that within our own betoo prone to forget, or purposely to loved denomination there are those overlook the grave responsibilities who fail to discover their unfaithfulresting upon us in connexion with ness to their Divine Master, by the existence in the latter half of the yielding their assent to, yea while nineteenth century of the Christian they venture to apologize for, the era, of such a soul - destroying existence of an institution, which agency as is comprised in the Church inevitably entails a spiritual bondof England, whilst in alliance with age over which Satan himself must the state, I should not have added frequently rejoice, and over which to the words already written on this all true right-hearted men cannot subject. I do feel, Sir, that the fail to weep. Whilst, however, the present state of affairs cannot be too | principle of a state - established


religion is ever one and the same, and sustaining it when possessed. whether its head reside in Rome or at They awaken and strengthen faith, Windsor, I am quite aware that its arouse and fortify hope, inspire outward appearance may-and does and increase love. They are -widely differ. Not the least so I source of comfort in adversity, and apprehend if we view its working a fountain of consolation and joy, in one of our large provincial towns, when the soul is overshadowed and then see its application amongst with the griefs and sorrows of this a rural population. I presume it earthly life. These doctrines convey must have been in the former that the message of pardon to the guilty, Old Mortality and his Nephew note of hope to the disconsolate, of rest its doings and influence. It is in the to the weary ; while they furnish a latter that it is my sad misfortune solid ground for the salvation of all to see it developed-yes to see it so who give them an honest and a developed, that I confess the fact of hearty welcome. the true spirit of the gospel still But while these doctrines are the living in our midst, would in the vehicles of inestimable privileges, absence of every other proof, satisfy they impose on those who receive me that it was indeed of God and them high and dignified duties. All not of man. I have already tres- the doctrines of the gospel have passed upon your space too long or their root in the love of God. They I would have given one or two are the outgrowth of eternal beinstances, painful instances, of the nevolence. They are the unchangeevils I deplore. I fear, however, able expressions of the benignity to many of your readers in some of the Divine nature. The cross is measure see and feel the same. Let the crown of all the Divine mercies, us then, dear Mr. Editor, see to it and the cross lay in the bosom of that the final coming of the Son of the Father from before the foundation God be not hindered by our lack of of the world. The cross is the great service; let us see that werightly use meeting point in all the wonderful every influence and power possessed arrangements of redeeming, love, by us, to hasten on the eventual All the doctrines converge in it, and triumph of the Redeemer's kingdom. diverge from it. It is the life and Then, and not till then, can we con- stay of all. The Bible is the sum sistently use the beautiful yet simple and substance of all theology, the prayer He gave us for an example, gospel is the sum and substance of Thy kingdom come. Thy will be the Bible, and the cross the centre done on earth, even as it is done in and essence of the gospel. heaven.'

The central ideas expressed in the Sincerely yours,

cross of Christ are self-denying G. D. C. love and volutary self - sacrifice.

*He loved me and gave Himself for

me.' He gave Himself for our GOSPEL GIVING A DUTY sins.' Christ Jesus gave himself a AND A PRIVILEGE. ransom for all.'

The doctrines which proceed from To the Edilor of the General Baptist the cross of Christ, as the great Magazine.

centre of the gospel, are designed

to awaken gratitude in our heart to DEAR SIR,—The gospel is a divine God for all He has done for us system of doctrines and duties. through the death of His Son. Both the doctrines and duties are Gratitude is to be the mainspring of intended to secure the holiness and duty. The duties imposed by the the happiness of man. The doctrines gospel are to run on the wheels of of the gospel are food and nourish love. Works are to find their ment for the immortal soul. They motive power in grace, and not in are the means of imparting life, I law. We are to give up ourselves Correspondence-Gospel Giving a Duty and a Privilege. 145 in active service, because we are carry the stamp of Divine love upon saved, and not that we may be saved. it as well as a sovereign. The The gospel makes us the sons of amount is of secondary importance, liberty, and not the slaves of the the principle of primary, Let this law.

be done, and with the blessing of One great branch of Christian God, we shall see an increase of duty is embodied in giving a portion honest religion in our midst. of our income to the cause of God. The method of giving, which is God has honoured us in making us now being recognized and propagated co-workers with Him in the re- among us--that of weekly storing demption of the world. He permits and weekly offering-has the sanction us to consecrate our talents and our of reason, and the support of revelaproperty in His service. Eternal tion. If there be any teaching at life is God's free gift to us, and we all in the New Testament on this are to evince our gratitude to the subject, it is this : • Upon the first Giver by cheerfully giving up a day of the week, let every one of part of our substance to help forward you lay by in store, as God hath the cause of God in the world. prospered him.' Selfishness is the cankerworm of It would give solemnity, to the our nature ; it eats out the life, and transactions of life, if God's share destroys the beauty of the soul. were to be sacredly set apart in all The doctrines and duties of the that God in His kind providence has gospel are designed to expel this given us. The very act would selfishness and to re-adorn the soul bring the giver into symyathy with with all the beauties of holiness. the unseen and eternai. The gospel inculcates supreme love In the days of persecution there to God, and sincere sympathy with were some who acted on this princiman. It proclaims aloud that man ple. Dr. Waddington, in his in. is not his own property, that he is teresting little book, "The Congrenot at liberty to do what he pleases gational Church,' speaking of a with his own energies, or with what persecuted church, established in God has committed to his trust. 1616, says: They issued in the

What ? know ye not that your same year a publication entitled body is the temple of the Holy " A Confession and Protestation of Ghost which is in you, which ye certain Christians in England,” have of God, and ye are not your holding it necessary to observe and own, for ye are bought with a price: keep Christ's true substantial ordi. therefore glorify God in your body, nances for His church visible and and in your spirit, which are God's.' political. Containing a clear exThere can be but little doubt that position of their principles.

We the church of God has neglected observe that they adopted the plan of this high and important duty of weekly offerings.' Page 58. giving to the cause of God. She All who have read the life of Dan has been slow to realize her obliga- Taylor must have come to the contions to the Saviour who bought her clusion that a more laborious servant with His blood. But the time seems of Christ has scarcely existed since to be approaching when this duty the days of the apostles. There is will be more fully recognized, and great moral sublimity in the more cheerfully acted upon. What struggles and labours of his life. is needed is that each Christian He fought his way through immense should feel that he owes a portion difficulties, and through a succession of his substance to the Lord. Let of severe trials he exhibited the the principle of giving be diffused heroism of a man, and the fortitude over the whole church. Let it of a Christian. touch upon all. Let the poor have When entering on the business of the honour and privilege of giving a bookseller in order to increase his as well as the rich. A farthing can income, we find the following entry

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