Page images
PDF
EPUB

to the Professorship through the same opinion and in nearly the same veto of the Burgomasters, the clergy words. Gomar also re-appeared, made use of in order to stir up designating Arminius a man of im. fresh agitation. There was an ec- pure doctrine, and his opinion on clesiastical tribunal, the members the freedom of human" volition, of which were styled deputies of without which no moral act is posthe churches, that distinguished sible to man, an impious sentiment. itself in all the embroilments of Meanwhile the Curators saw clearly this period. These deputies re- that much of this animosity was to ceived their appointment from the be attributed to ecclesiastical zeal, provincial Synods, and were to a and the intense hatred peculiar to man valiant champions of Calvinism. religious faction. There was now To interpose obstructions in the therefore no alternative but to proseway of the decision of the Curators cute the call with increased vigour. an extraordinary meeting of their Arminius had been placed under body was called. Uitenbogardt and the ban of an ecclesiastical assembly, other pastors were summoned to and openly condemned without a attend. The Conference on as- | hearing; if they gave up their insembling proceeded to consider vitation it would be an acquiescence whether it would not be for the in this unjust clerical censure. But interest of the Church, and of course they had no sympathy with the for the glory of God, to issue a proceedings of the clergy. Their solemn and grave warning on the confidence in Arminius was not injury that would accrue to the shaken, and to secure his services Church and the College by the ap- for the University and vindicate his pointment of Arminius to the chair reputation all their legitimate in. of Divinity of Leyden. It was in Auence should be employed. William vain that Uitenbogardt defended the Silent, who had founded the Arminius from the unfounded sus- University, was dead, but Prince picions and ridiculous calumnics Maurice his successor felt an in. wantonly fabricated against him, terest in the welfare and would and now for the thousandth time intercede on behalf of a College repeated and refuted. It was in associated with his name. They vain that he admonished the deputies accordingly appeal to him.

He to toleration, to forbearance, to consents to their wishes.

Ніз charity. The prime minister, the chaplain, Uitenbogardt, renews the Curators, and all whom it concerned, application, armed with new powers received the threatened caveat; and from his master, and accompanied with remarkable inconsistency, after by four laymen of distinction, among their own warlike demonstration, the whom is Nicolas Cromhout, chief deputies commended the College to senator of the supreme court, whose the care of its rulers, and requested influence with the Burgomasters of that its peace might be kept un- Amsterdam is said to be very great. broken.

The stout Dutch magnates still hold Another clerical antagonist en- out invincible, grounding their retered the field. Werner Helmich, sistance upon the high merits of the new colleague of Arminius at their pastor, his able ministry of the Amsterdam, who had received his truth, and his useful services to the appointment mainly through the re- city. At length, the full pressure commendation of Arminius, brought of the whole deputation is brought up again the old slander about to bear upon them, the desires of leanings to Rome. He grounded Prince Maurice are enforced, and his charge upon some expression of they reluctantly give way, granting a charitable kind that in expounding leave to the Curators to open the the Revelation Arminius had used question to the Presbytery. The about the Romish church. It was Presbytery being an ecclesiastical proved that Junius had given the court shares the suspicions of the

Poetry- A Sea-side Thought.

221

recent clerical conference, but after and fully, and refutes every slander. some little hesitation consents to the Gomar, the deputies, the Curators dismissal of Arminius on three con. are satisfied. Arminius is conceded ditions :- the immediate supply of liberty of prophesying; the sushis pulpit, his return to Amsterdam picions excited against him are not should he resign the Professorship, substantiated. He is not a Cal. and the removal of all suspicions of vinist, but he is not a heretic. heterodoxy by a conference with Presently he receives a new honour. Gomar before the deputies of the He becomes a Doctor of Divinity, churches.

having submitted to a fresh examinaThe conditions are accepted. The tion by Gomar, and conducted at Ley. conference takes place. Several den, after the manner of the times, a distinguished laymen grace the oc- public disputation. He is the first casion with their presence. The upon whom Leyden confers this fencing is close but courteous. The diploma. After the ceremony is old charges are repeated and dis- over he returns to Amsterdam, and cussed, -the seventh chapter of takes his final leave of the scene of Romans, Pelagianism, leanings to his ministerial life amid the eulogies Rome, free-will, predestination, and and regrets of the Presbytery, the the like. Arminius replies frankly church, and the people.

Poetry.

A SEA SIDE THOUGHT.

The clouds are rising in the west,

Dashed with'red drops of dying day,
And broken lights, that may not rest,

Upon the wandering waters play.

But in serenest space afar,

High o'er the sea that foams and pines,
Beyond the lurid wrack, the star

Of love in lonely beauty shines.

The winds sweep o'er the ocean wild,

White through the gloom the breakers glare,
Yet still the starlet bright and mild

Burus in that stirless chrystal air.

So shines the hope of heaven for him

Whose steadfast faith on God is set,
Unfading as life's joys grow dim,

Unfaltering when our spirits fret.

O. M. N.

Correspondence.

ON THE ALLEDGED IMPOS-, themselves;' or 'to the ministers SIBILITY OF RENEWING

of Christ ;' or 'extremely difficult.'

These explanations are, I think, CERTAIN PERSONS TO RE- inept and delusive. PENTANCE.

The way in which I think the

words should be translated, seems OBSERVATIONS ON HEBREWS VI. 4. to steer clear of all difficulties, to

extract the scorpion-sting; to open To the Editor of the General Baptist the prison door, and let the captive Magazine.

free. I render it as follows-It is

impossible to renew such persons to DEAR SIR, – Your correspondent, repentance WHILST they crucify the J. W. D., (in April number), though Son of God afresh. quite satisfied that the word 'Im- Your more learned readers will possible' is to be taken in its un- observe the change of l'ense the restricted sense, seems still as it Apostle introduces into his sentence. were to solicit further instruction as the one word rendered if they to the whole bearing of this very shall fall away,' is neither in the alarming text. This encourages me future nor in the present tense, but in to the performance of what I think the past,-(the second aorist par. a duty, viz: to offer an explanation, ticiple, wapatecovias). The two words which to my own spirit has been and rendered ' seeing they crucify.' and is an unspeakable relief. Many a pul to open shame' are neither in tender conscience. has, I believe, the past tense nor in the future, but been tormented by this passage as in the present. Our translators inby the sting of a scorpion, been deed also make the distinction, but paralyzed into despondency, or in a style so dim, that for years and driven into sheer despair; and all years I overlooked it; and so have this, in my opinion, from a mis- our expositors, as far as I know. apprehension of its purport, arising If they had supplied the word from a want of accuracy in the WHILST instead of the word seeing, translation.

all obscurity, all the 'horror of When one calls to mind the great darkness' would have been enormous crimes of Darid, and the dispelled. blasphemous curses with which And to justify this more accurate Peter renounced the Lord Jesus, but new rendering, even to your and nevertheless sees them happily less learned readers, let me point ‘renewed unto repentance,'one seems out, that the force of the present to conceive a hope that there is no participle is transferred, by these selfabsolute impossibility of the restora- same translators into the English tion of other backsliders. One seems New Testament by the word whilst to himself almost guilty of blasphemy in the following textsin asserting that Omnipotence could 1 Tim. v. 6. She that liveth in not effect it; one shudders at the pleasure is dead, while she liveth. suspicion, that the Infinite One has isūra teOvnke).'. Matthew xxvii. 63 made up His mind that He will not drizūr). While he was yet alive.' do it. Can anything be too good for Luke xxiv. 44 • The words I spoke Infinite Love to be willing to do; or unto you, while I was yet. with you anything too hard for Almightiness (éti' wr).' to accomplish ?

And exactly similar cases Most minds seek some solution of in the Greek and English translathis painful contradiction. Some tions, in 1 Sam. xx. 14 ' While yet say, it is in a manner impossible ; ' I live.' – in Ps. vii. 2 While others, 'impossible to the sinners there is none to deliver.'-and in

are

Correspondence-Dr. Colenso.

223 Jer. ». 9 'Her sun is gone down sense so far as that will lead me, and not while it is yet day.' With this inter suffer myself to be beaten off from so sure pretation or rather simple and ac- betake myself to the direction of reason,

a guide.' Where my sense leaves me, I will curate translation, this hitherto and in all natural and moral things, shall most distressing passage, has be- be willingly led by the guidance thereof; come to me as luminons and re- but when it comes to supernatural and freshing as any other in the bible. divine truths; when I have the word of a The cross of Christ is the

God for my assurance, farewell reason and

welcome faith ; as when I shall have disgrand moral cause of repentance, of patched this weary pilgrimage, and from a true evangelical, soul • saving re- traveller shall come to be a comprehensor, pentance; of the repentance that is farewell faith and welcome vision. not to be repented of ;---and thus it

JOSEPH HALL, D.D. is the source of salvation. (They DEAR SIR,—The religion of Jesus shall look on Me whom they have Christ is manifested to us through pierced, and mourn.' ‘I, if I be a written Revelation. This Revelalifted up will draw all men to Me.' | tion combines the natural and the As Moses listed up the serpent, &c.) | supernatural—the human and the But if this heart-subduing truth of divine--the finite and the infinite. the Son of God bearing our sins in Many of its statements lie out of His own body on the tree, be re- the province of the created intellect. jected ; there is nothing left in the The procedures of the infinite and universe, than can melt the heart of the eternal cannot be brought with& sinner into true repentance, and in the comprehension of the mind win it back into holy confidence and of man. The profoundest knowledge, communion with its Father and its and the sublimest philosophy, are God.

utterly inadequate to the solution I am, dear Mr. Editor,

of many of the problems involved Always fraternally yours, in the mysteries of Revelation. Tuos. W. MATHEWS. How then is this Revelation to

gain access to our minds ? Through

what channel is it to enter the heart? DR. COLENSO.

It is evidently designed to touch

and influence the most central and To the Editor of the General Baptist vital part of our nature, but how is Magazine,

it to reach it? Grace is the band

that gives it—but what is the hand "The wise and bountiful God hath vouch- that takes it? I know of only one safed to hold forth four several lights to answer to these questions. We must men; all of which move in four several receive Revelation by faith. Faith orbs, one above another; the light of SENSE, takes and appropriates to the spirit's the light of REASON, the light of faith, the light of ECSTATICAL, or DIVINE VISION;

use that which the reason cannot and all of these are taken up with their own analyze, nor the understanding, exproper objects. Sense is busied about these plain. Religious faith moves in a outward and material things; reason is con spiritual sphere and receives things in matters spiritual and supernatural ; divine incomprehensible to the natural vision in objects celestial, and infinitely

intellect. Reason as the critical glorious. None of these can exceed their faculty of our nature asks the bounds, and extend to a sphere above their questions—Why, How,' 'How own; what can the brute creature, which is

can these things be.' Faith takes led by mere sense, do, or apprehend in matters them as proceeding from the eternal mere man who is led by reason discern in and incomprehensible Jehovah, and spiritual and supernatural things ? What calmly waits in the conviction that can the Christian who is led by faith, which what we know not now we shall is the evidence of things not seen, attain know hereafter. The language of unto in the clear vision of God, and heavenly the apostle Paul clearly reveals the glory? That God who is a God of order, hath determined due limits to all our powers attitude of his mind in relation to and faculties. I will therefore follow my I the things which the understanding

6

source

cannot reach. For we walk by faith clear eye stands at the door of the and not by sight. For now we see mind, and nothing is allowed to through a glass darkly, but then face enter without her approbation. to face : now I know in part, but then Mathemathics are always a favourite shall I know even as also I am known. study with this order of mind. A

The Bible which reveals to us the mind constituted after this type is mysteries and realities of a spiritual often eminently fitted for the trans. and inmutable kingdom-teaches us action of difficult secular business. that the present sphere of existence There is a keenness of observation, is the scene of our probation. While an accuracy in the management of passing through this life we are all details, a precision in measuring the put on our trial. There is a furnace value of evidence, a freedom from for every man-the caverns of the biasing influence of emotion or burning light? are to be trodden by feeling, which renders it admirably all. The critical processes of trial adapted to deal with the difficult and came to us in various forms, all are intricate problems of human life. not tried in the same way; what is Such a mind will excel in the a temptation to one man does not minute details of science and very present any

of trial to often in discriminating the niceties another. There is an essential of language. difference in the constitution of our But this order of mind often nature. Some are tempted through stumbles at the very threshold of their bodily senses, and through the Revelation. The pride of reason is emotional elements of their nature wounded in her baffling attempts to -the lusts of the flesh—the sus, analyze and exhaust all the forms ceptibilities to the splendours of of divine truth. The supernatural outward show, and dazzling display is a bottomless sea, and reason with --the love of the pleasures of the her diving bell will never fathom it. world-these are the points appealed The Bible is a temple in which are to by the temptations from without, exhibited pictures which have their these are the impressible and ignit- origin in the divine and receive ible parts

which require to be their colouring in the miraculous. watched with a sleepless eye, and to There is an awful grandeur and an be under the guardianship of a inspiring sublimity about much of severe and constant restraint. its scenery. The ordinary laws of

There are other men who are not nature are often set aside. The at all, or scarcely at all, tried elements of nature are at times disthrough the bodily senses or through solved and reformed by the touch of their emotional nature; the passions, an invisible hand. The great con. are neither strong, fiery, nor rest. flicts of opposing forces which have less; they are able to exert a perfect been moving the world for ages self-control over all the sensations are depicted in the most vivid repreof the body. The emotions which sentations. The many coloured lamp swell like a billowy tide in some in which the world's future glitters men, are held completely in check and dazzles the eyes of the most by them. Imagination has little to piercing spirit, shipes in awful lustre do with the operations of life. Such over this troubled earth. men are subjected to trial, but the Mathematics and natural philo. seat of their trial is not so much in sophy, and all those sciences which the body, or in the affections, as in have their basis in mathematical the head. The stumbling block with formulae are of little service in them lies in the intellect. There is tracing the pathway of Omnipotence, a kind of natural scepticism always or in measuring the unfoldings of the present with them. Everything divine love in the redemption of the must be analyzed--seen through world. Adoration may bow inawe, and and submitted to the processes of piety may expand in gratitude, and demonstration. Reason with her poetry may burst in rapture, but

« PreviousContinue »