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was a man of strong and active | heart to God, and his over-mastering emotion. There was a fountain of desire was to give himself to the tears in his nature which never ministry.
made ceased to flow, while his thoughts plain, and he was admitted into were fixed on the agonies of the Cheshunt College. While cross, and his eyes were fastened student he became a popular
the wretchedness of man. preacher. His first settlement was Keenness of sensibility,-tenderness at Bristol. Thence he removed to of affection,-a deep and yearning Reading. Here he laboured with compassion for the souls of men, great
for fifteen years. combined with a restless earnestness Hundreds were converted to God and untiring activity to secure their by his faithful and affectionate salvation were some of the qualities ministry. He built many chapels and characteristics of this large in the surrounding villages. From hearted and eminently useful man. Reading he removed to Surrey
Mr. Sherman's life was crowded chapel, and was the successor of with tokens of the providence, the the famous Rowland Hill. Surrey goodness, and the mercy of God. chapel was the great field of his He was born of humble parents, labours. For eighteen years he was and in early life he had to struggle the centre and life of a most comwith poverty. He was apprenticed plicated machinery of Christian to a master who had no sympathy activity and enterprize. All classes with his religious feelings and in had his attention and affectionate tellectual pursuits.
sympathy. His sermons were so * At the same time,' remarks Mr. touching and powerful that someAllon, it is likely enough that a times nearly a hundred were conlad like James Sherman, full of verted under one
His indefinite yearnings and imaginings, beloved wife—a most intelligent liking books and dreaming of the and devoted Christian lady-was of ministry, would not make a very the greatest assistance to him in useful apprentice. The racer will helping on the cause of God. The not be very effective in the mill. intense mental application necesHis work was manifestly very sary to the performance of his pulpit irksome to him, nor would any duties, and his increasing labours kindness of treatment, probably, in every direction, in the course of have made him take to it lovingly. time began to tell on his system. This was neither his fault nor that In 1854 he resigned the pastorate of any one else. He was endowed at Surrey chapel, and returned to a with a mind and a temperament smaller sphere at Blackheath, where altogether unsuited to any form of he formed a new church, and, by industry which his position seemed his reputation and ministry, atlikely to secure. Just as in the tracted a large congregation of higher circles of life some men are respectable and influential hearers. born with sympathies fitted rather In 1861 his earthly labours were for the stable or the workshop; so brought to a close by the hand in the lower circles of life men of death. The church of God are born with capabilities and throughout the nation was touched sympathies for pursuits apparently with a mournful feeling when he beyond their reach. In such cases fell. His large-hearted Christianity jarring and misery ensue; a yearn- could not be shut up in denominaing and a struggle after some other tional limits. He was willing to than the position in which they are serve all sections of the Christian born, and the chafing and the church, and there are probably suffering which rebellion against it persons to be found in almost all
God in His providence denominations of Christians who removed the difficulties and opened were converted by his touching his way for him. He had given his and heart-searching ministry. He
seemed to be free from jealousy and fying influences which he originated envy, and when he felt his strength will expand wider and wider till not equal to his labours he nobly the scenes of earth shall close. His resigned his ministerial honours name has gone to every British into the hands of another. His Colony. The darkness of heathenism relations and his conduct to his has been mitigated by his prayers successor, Mr. Newman Hall, form and labours, and when the scenes a fine picture of Christian nobility of time shall have passed away, and and large-hearted sympathy. The the great earth shall yield up her good man has gone to his rest. His pious dead, myriads wili remember trials are ended, his sufferings are the day when they listened to his over, but his works will live, his voice and welcomed the 'glorious memory will be cherished. The gospel' as it fell from the tremulous results of self-sacrifice are im. lips and weeping eyes of James perishable, The benign and sancti- | Sherman.
G. H., L.
PASSAGES FROM THE TRADITIONS OF THE COVENANTERS.
CHAPTER 1.-IN WHICH THE READER IS INTRODUCED TO THE MINY, AND ITS
ORDINARY AND UNEXPECTED INHABITANTS.
ABOUT the close of the reign of shivering in the cold, cowered down Charles 2nd there lived in the dis. in the shelter of a deepmoss hag. The trict in Scotland known as the snow-flakes began to form a wreath desert of Kyle an honest farmer at their feet, and their hiding-place and his wife, who were warmly soon threatened to become their attached to the convenanting cause. grave. Gilbert Fleming's family consisted • What shall we do?' said one of of himself, his wife Grizzy Grey, them, whose name was Willie. 'If and a herd boy named Sandy. we remain here all night we shall His cottage was known the not see the morning.' No,' replied Miny, and stood away up the the other, we must at once make moors, as solitary as a lodge in a our retreat. It is not yet dark, and garden of cucumbers. Various signs besides it is full moon. Let us hold had betokened that the winter, on our way to some place of refuge.' which was setting in earlier this John's words decided Willie, who year than usual, would be long and replied, 'I see it all now. Gilbert
The frost had already Fleming has often invited me to his hardened the moors and mosses like house, and I have not yet availed a board, and had thus made a suitable myself of his invitations. This is platform for the deep snow which our time of need, and I am sure we now began to fall.
shall meet with a cordial welcome.' On the evening of the first ap- • Ay,' said John, “but where shall pearance of the snow two Covenant. we find the hut, even if it be here. ing brethren, in full flight before a abouts ? Everything is white, and company of troopers from Muirkirk, how shall we know on which hand took refuge in the district of Kyle. to turn ?' 'Let us try,' said Willie. The night gathering its folds about We may not perchance be so very them favoured their escape, and the far from the Miny. The Lord, who troopers, finding that the snow was leads the blind by a way they know thickening, retreated with all speed not, has not permitted us to be to their quarters. The two worthies, chased into this moor for nothing.' exhausted with their flight, and The friends came out of their hiding.
place and looked around over the tence of a joy they did not feel; but wbite wilderness
stretched the grave
and solemn talk of simplebefore them, and at length dis-minded and trusting hearts. cerned a twinkling light on the The day's toil brought sound sleep
They looked again, when to the wanderers. Gilbert saluted Willie replied, 'It may not be the them heartily in the morning, house we are seeking, but it will at and congratulated them on the least be a shelter. 'They both fact that the snow had drifted started off over the snow, and to a great depth over all the hurried in the direction of the light. face of the moorland.
There was They knocked at the cottage door, now no fear of being assailed by the which to their delight was opened troopers, who were besieged in their by honest Gilbert, who gave them own garrison by the storm. a cordial greeting. You
• But,' said Willie, 'who can tell welcome for your Master's sake,' how long this storm may last? If said the hospitable farmer : but we are shut up here the whole how found you the way on such a winter, we shall eat you up. Our night as this?'. 'A light guided appetites are keen, through our us, they replied, 'flickering from irregular living of late, and it may the window of your cottage.' O be they will not be easily satisfied.' how wonderful is that,' said Grizzy. 'Eat us up!' exclaimed worthy * We never put a light in the window Gilbert, 'no fear of that; and even for fear of leading the enemy to us ; though you should, you shall be but this evening I felt an unusual welcome to share the last morsel prompting to put the candle there; wi’ us.' And then, like all good and you see what has come of it. Scotsmen when under deep ex. The snow might have been your citement, Gilbert broke out into a winding-sheet, bad you not found torrent of the broadest vernacular. our house. This is the Lord's doing, ‘Na, na, lads, there's nea fear o' and to Him be all the praise.' being eaten up here. Last week I
The wanderers were glad to find brought o'er the hard surface o' the a shelter, and the inmates were as frosted muirs a whole melder fresh glad to receive them. Hospitality frae the mill; besides nae lack o' on the moors in those days was barley flour for the scones., The common, and especially among the big beef boat is fu’ to the brim. farmers and cottagers who favoured We ha'e plenty o'buirdly kebbocks the cause of the Covenanters. The o' our ain making, and we ha'e promise of the Master, A cup of cold rowth o' maut for a brewst, to serve water given to a disciple in the name of us when the cows in the byre are a disciple shall not lose its reward, was yell. And I canna but look on this one that men devoutly believed. as a very particular Providence ; for Old Gilbert believed it, and his twa things were before us which we shrewd wife, and they were soon to didna forsee-your coming to the find it fulfilled, as will hereafter house, and the visitation o' this appear.
storm. If either of you had come The evening was spent in talking before the inlaying of our winter's over the troubles of the times, and provisions, what could we have especially those which the people done ? But the Great and Kind of God were suffering. Nor did One who foresees all, has now they forget that the experience of supplied us before - hand, and I David had been verified in more consider myself honoured that He than one instance—Though I walk in has sent you to board with us for a the midst of trouble, Thou wilt revive season. Í have my own forebodings
The support which the Lord that the storm is not to continue for a afforded the sufferers was dwelt day only, or for twa, but for weeks, upon with earnestness and simplicity. and we are, God be praised, preIt was no cant with them-10 prepared for it.'
The Inmates of the Miny in Perplexity.
Gilbert was right. The storm their host's sheep was not at all an lasted nearly four months. Many impossible one. of the upland farmers were com
*Ye are smiling, I see, my pletely ruined. Sheep and cattle friends ; and I think I can guess weredestroyed by hundreds. Hunger your meaning. But ken ye, I can and sickness seized many house. scarcely walk to the door, as I am holds, and was followed by a pesti- so crippled wi' pains in this shiver. lence which carried off whole ing weather. If a' the cattle on my families at one fell swoop.
bit farm should perish, I couldna As the friends looked out from help to rescue ane of them. Ye the door of the Miny on the first thought ye were our debtors for morning of that terrible hurricane, gi'en ye lodgin, and lang lodgin too ; the like of which is now rarely but I foresee that in the long run known in the same region,--for the we shall be your debtors. What windows were literally blocked up could that silly bit callan' do if left by the snow—they were astonished to himsel ? and my auld wife there at the appearance of the waste. Not couldna do muckle muir. If the a single object or feature of the Maister, whom we serve, and whose former landscape was now to be cause we are willing to suffer for,
The 'drift' was pouring in has sent you here for the preservastreams along the surface of the tion of your lives, He has sent you snow, and so dense was the smoking here also for the preservation of my trail that to face it would have little property.
Go and manage ended in blindness and suffocation. the sheep as you please.'
Gilbert's 'stock' consisted of The men made instant preparation three score of sheep on the moor, for the work. But where were the four cows in the byre, and two sheep to be found ? horses in the stable. On this he 'I gathered them into the hollow was able to support himself and pay between the twa knowes to the east his rent. As he saw the storm there,' said Sandy, 'and they cannot raving wildly without, he exclaimed be far off.' in grateful exultation, 'How happy The hollow alluded to was filled am I to think that the cows and with drifted snow, and it was obvious horses are so snugly housed! We thatit would require nosmall exertion have abundance of fodder, gathered to dig out the flock. The men, howin the warm days of summer : and ever, with little Sandy, succeeded as for hay, I think we never in making an opening on one side, had the like of it in quality. Pro- where the snow was several feet vidence foresaw what we were to deep; and having extricated one need.'
sheep, another followed, and then *But maister, maister,' cried the another, until after long and exherd boy, 'what o' the sheep? Ha'e hausting toil they set free the whole. ye forgotten them ?'
The men were beyond measure The sheep, callan', the sheep,' gratified that they had saved Gilbert's said Gilbert; it never entered me flock, and Gilbert again andagain er. mind we had sheep. Alas ! my saxty pressed his unspeakable satisfaction. puir sheep, they are a' buried deep On the forenoon of the next day 'aneath the snaw, and what to do I acircumstance occurred which threw wot na.'
the little garrison at the Miny into The two friends smiled at the great perplexity. The snow was perplexity of their host, for they still hurrying before the blast, and were both shepherds, and stout and had already gathered to the depth stalwart men. Many a sheep had they of three feet, for in the higher part exhumed from the lairy moss hag, of the country the storms rage with and many a score had they dug out double fury and pile the snow in heaps from beneath the drifted snow. such as are never seen in the lower They thought the task of rescuing parts. The cause of the perplexity
was this: Sandy and his collie serve, and in whose cause we suffer were tumbling among the snow as hardship, has made a Bethel to us.' boys delight to do, when he observed • We hail you, then, as suffering the prints of human feet. The holes, brethren,' said Willie. Come with he said, were deep, and partly blown us; and if you have strength to up by the drift, but he was certain plod through the snow and drift, they were footprints, and of two you shall find yourselves in a compersons.
fortable habitation.' This was a sad piece of news. The men then emerged from their Whose were those foot-marks ? was dark hiding-place, the whole party now the grave question to be hurried off to the cottage, and after answered. Were they the footprints a short time, stood before a blazing of other wanderers ? or of soldiers fire of peats in the kitchen of the now on the track of the fugitives ? Miny. or of robbers ? Which?
Gilbert received them exultingly, This last suggestion was not im- when he learnt who they were, and probable. Many bad men took ad- deemed himself twice blessed in vantage of the disorders of the times being honoured to entertain another and wandered in companies plunder- party of Christ's suffering people. ing the farm-houses of their butter, The strangers were cheese, and poultry. The peasantry thawed by the fire, than they were were, therefore, as much on their earnestly pressed to give an account guard against robbers as troopers. of themselves. The little audience in
Whoever had made those marks the Miny was 'all ear,' as the upon the snow, the shepherds thought strangers thus spoke: that it was their duty to make out, “We come from the wilds of and to endeavour to save them. The Carsphairn, which we left the other snow had not ceased falling, and had day, as we learned that the soldiers now obliterated all impressions upon were in search of us.
We were its surface. Where, then, should compelled to flee, and thought we they commence their search? should like to visit the Upper Ward
Gilbert suggested that the men of Lanarkshire, where many exhad taken refuge in the old vault at perienced Christians live, and where the ruin called Auchty, which was the blood of many of the Lord's originally a baronial residence on people has been shed. We traversed the moor. The Auchty was but a the base of the lofty Cairnsmuir, short distance from the Miny, and and up towards the head of the Ken, so, under the guidance of Sandy and struck across the mountains by and his dog, the two friends set out. the lonely Monthraw, and then
After deep wading and tumbling down into the defile of the Afton, in the soft wreaths, they reached the and crossing the upper part of entrance to the vault, the mouth of Nithsdale, we came into the moors which was partly concealed by the of Kyle, and wandered till we came branches of the hazel-bushes grow. to this neighbourhood. The snow ing near it. The dog led the way, now began to blow strongly in our and on reaching the entrance uttered faces, and while we were in no fear a sharp and rapid bark.
of sinking in the moss, we were 'Is there anybody here?' cried afraid of perishing in some drift. Willie, from before the hazel-bushes. We plodded on, however, lifting up
There are two men,' said a voice our prayers for guidance to the God tremulous with cold. On the night who knew our way, and who could of the storm we lost our way in the lead us to a place of shelter. In a moor, when we accidently came brief space our progress was arrested against the hazel-bushes, and found by a tuft of hazel-bushes lying in the entrance into this vault, which our path, and as they seemed to bas screened us from the tempest, afford us a screen from the blast, we and which the Master whom we crept down close beside them. This