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contests producing more stupendous great emergency. The objections results; contests in comparison with against such a view are then met, and which those which shake Europe at the author passes on to the discussion this same time are more diminutive of the capacity of time. “I use this than those of the meanest insects. At term,' says Foster, 'to suggest the this very hour, thousands of amazing possible number of successive operaenterprises may be undertaken, and tions of an individual within a given by the end of a progress made, period, or within the scope of a life which to us would have seemed to of moderate length. He contends require ages.

At this hour, wise that there is a sense in which time intelligences may terminate long is of equal capacity to all men. and patient pursuits of knowledge Napoleon Bonaparte is quoted as an in such discoveries as shall give a example of vigour and continuous new science to their race. At this effort, and Magliabecchi, Calmet, hour, a whole race of improved and Tostatus, D'Anville, Richard Baxter, virtuous beings may be elevated to Sir William Jones, and King Alfred, a higher station in the great system are referred to as illustrations of of beings. At this hour, some new the work which may be crushed into mode of divine operation, some new

a single life. law of nature, which was not required In his chapter on the swiftness of before, may be introduced into the time Foster chiefly confines himself first trial of its action. At this to illustrations. Among these he hour, the most strange suspension points to rays of light, meteors, the of regular laws may take place at course of clouds, a stream of water, the will of Him that appointed them, the buman pulse, in each of which for the sake of commanding a solemn motion is the distinguishing cir. attention, and confirming some cumstance; and to others of which Divine communication by miracles. this cannot be predicated, as the At this hour, the inhabitants of the changes of seasons, the appearance creation are most certainly perform of persons from infancy to manhood ing more actions than any faculty of and old age, and the feelings mind less than infinite can observe awakened by the close and the be. or remember. All this, and incom- ginning of the year. There are parably more than all this, a many beautiful passages found here philosopher and a Christian would that will bear comparison with anydelight' to imagine. And all that thing Foster has written. he can imagine in the widest By far the largest chapter is the stretch of thought is as nothing in one devoted to the discussion of the comparison with what most certainly ultimate object of the improvement of takes place in so vast a universe time. It is also the most important. every hour, and will take place this He has cleared the ground before very hour in which these faint con- him, and now proceeds to strike jectures are indulged.'

home to the conscience. He has In the midst of such a wide shown what is done, what can be sweep as this we might be inclined done, and how to say, the whole sum of operations Jacob, will be neither more nor less, our insignificant efforts being added 'Hold the fleet angel fast until he bless us.' or withheld. It is, however, necessary that we retain a strong Now arises the question, for what sense of our individual duty, and shall his activities be employed ? of the importance of our own Surely for nothing less than the actions as to our own interests.

great future. If man's existence The value of time may also be terminate at death, then all that estimated by considering the very has been advocated is, he contends, great importance felt to be connected insufficient to awaken those ex: with small portions of it in cases of ertions which have been set forth

we

may, like

Picture of a Man satisfied with doing Nothing.

299

are

If

as the noblest improvement of time. I or followed by the trilling chat of It is unreasonable to require extra- some relation or neighbour that calls ordinary efforts of virtue. Fame is on him. The newspaper agreeably not a sufficient motive-nor yet the occupies him a considerable time; pleasure of enlightening and benefit- and he preserves the same equili. ing mankind. There is no adequate brium of tranquil stupidity through reason—but the belief in a future lottery schemes, variation of stocks, life. This is then discussed and elopements to Gretna Green, trials enforced in a way which has upon it for murder, and battles on the Conat every step the impress of Foster's tinent. A sea-fight, perhaps, comes own peculiar mind. It is worthy of nearer his sensorium than any. the closest attention,

thing else, and he is lighted up to a The second part of the treatise degree of animation as he reads of contains thoughts on indolence, broadsides and falling masts, and on intervals of time, and solitary boarding and carnage, and striking life. The various forms of in- of colours, and blowing up. He dolence enumerated Foster- challenges all the world to beat Old esque: as for instance, the reluct- England; and as a mirror of patri. ance of delay shewn to make the otic faith, is never tired of repeating first effort, and then the slowness of what he deems the sapient remark, performance, or readiness to intermit that the enemy will never show him. the work; the satisfaction of doing self here so long as we have such a absolutely nothing; excess of sleep, fleet. But even this elation is which may be called a pernicious transient and his mind soon quietly enchantment; the listlessness called recedes from all this bustle, as a ennui or tædium vitæ ; and the in- tub, or a piece of timber, or a dead dolence common to a solitary life. body floats away from one of these Here is a by no means faltering ships in this scene of tumult.

his house is in a town, he will often sit near the window to see who and what passes in the street. And as he has probably made more enquiries about the people in the neighbour

hood and their business than be • It is easy to picture to ourselves a would have had any leisure to do if man whose competence of property he had any business of his own, exempts him from any necessity of there are plenty of subjects of conexertion for tbat subsistence whicb versation with those who are with compels the industry of the greatest him in the house, supplied by the part of mankind. We imagine this sight of the variety of the people man sitting in vacant tranquility that he knows as they pass along. for hours together, with a counten- If he lives in the country, one shall ance that gives one the same kind see him on a fine day sitting on a of idea as the surface of a muddy bench near the door, just in order stagnant pond. He places himself to take the fresh air,' observe what perhaps near the fire, which he oc- is passing on the road at a little casionally amuses himselfby stirring. distance, and notice the rural busiHere, in good-humoured inanity, ness of the farms that lie in he sometimes remains a long time the vale within his view. He will without even any semblance of oc- not choose to have much ground cupation, and almost without moving himself, there is so much trouble hand or foot. He just notices what required to manage it, and so much is going on in the house, yawns oc- vexation with workmen, But the casionally, and asks some question few fields which he likes to keep in about dinner. The lazy neutrality his hands furnish a pleasant little of his sensations is perhaps a little circuit for sauntering round. He stimulated by his pipe, accompanied will now and then pretend to work

PICTURE OF A

MAN SATISFIED

WITH

DOING NOTHING.

a little in his garden, to the diversion | buried; for he is just as good a man of the regular labourers, but will under the ground as he was above it.' oftener content himself with re- What is said of excessive sleep is marking that it is a pleasant kind a little exaggerated. Foster conof work, and will walk about at his tends that six hours is long enough ease, computing the produce of his for most men; and he is right, if garden, his fields, and his orchard. those men be chiefly occupied in I might have assigned to him a little manual labour. It will hardly be more of something like mental ex. deemed enough by those whose istence, and still left him profoundly brain is wearied by excessive and indolent, but this would bave brought persistent toil. Nor does it appear him into rather a different class of practical to live by rule in the way idlers, who may deserve their dis adopted by Foster's hero, Alfred the tinct share of our notice. Now who Great. The necessities of professional is not tempted to reproach the sun life demand the constant alteration for shining on such a piece of moving of plans and projects. It is only matter, such a mockery of a rational by snatches that men can keep up nature; a thing that can see seasons their reading, except indeed they hastening away, allnature in activity, adopt Luther's plan, and barricade the moral world in a state of revolu- themselves in their studies, far tion, eminently good and bad men enough away from the approach of equally prosecuting their designs intruders not to be disturbed even with an ardour that deplores the by their knocking. But it would be necessity of repasts and sleep, the unjust to the essayist not to admit termination of life rapidly approach that bis remarks are intended chiefly ing, and boundless prospects opening for those who have their time very beyond, and preserve, amidst all, as much at their disposal ; and that perfect an indifference about time, others have tried the filling up of and improvement, and progressive odd moments in the way he suggests virtue, and preparation for futurity, and have thus secured substantial as if no such concerns had ever been and enduring results.

There is, heard of on the globe? And yet however, a bookishness about the this loathsome and despicable thing remarks generally which are admirhas the most entire good opinion of ably suited to students, but which itself, and is not ashamed to show would be simply ridiculous in actual its self-complacent front in any place every day life. Cobbett recommends or company where indolence does something like Foster's plan in his not forbid it to go. One has occasion. French Grammar when describing ally seen it when apparently listening the method by which the genders of to the dictates of inspiration, or nouns may be acquired and firmly to narratives and descriptions re- enstamped upon the memory; but lating to examples of such trans- to be consistent with some portions cendent activity of excellence, that of Foster's plan one would need even persons who greatly sur- pockets made for octavos as well as pass the general habits of mankind duodecimos, and would be often in the improvement of time, have groaning, in days such as the last been greatly mortified in placing month brought us, under a load that themselves in comparison, while it would quite incapacitate us for has selt no discomposure of its in- studious application to any one of vulnerable satisfaction. When he our pocket treasures. It is not has consumed his allotted quantity given to every man to possess a of corn, and spent all the years, Spencerian, or Fosterian library, which have been spent with much much less to drag parts of it about more dignity by a toad in the midst with him everywhere. of a block of stone, his epitaph We are also inclined to think that might properly be—" Here "lies a too sombre a view is taken of human person who has lost nothing by being duty, and that the system by which

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it is thought this duty may be best do the work of two years in one ; discharged smacks rather too much but for how many years will you do of the cloister. Life is unspeakably it in succession ? You may fag precious, and in one sense is a your servants by perpetual labour season of emergency; ' but is it in for several successive seasons, but tended that the whole of it should how many can bear witness in be given to grave and laborious broken health to its disasterous work ? Is relaxation only to be effects ? Overwork, whether of mind taken at rare intervals and in very or body, brings premature decay. limited quantities ? Is every man Not that we would advocate listlessto fill up his spare moments as if he ness. Work hard, say we; as hard were cramming for an examination ? as you can, while you are at it. Is no time to be left for pleasant But if you are a student, don't saunter without its being denounced think your time is wasted because as the most unqualified guilt ?' you are not staining your fingers Are we never to indulge in the with perpetual ink, and your eye is simplest pleasures, such as listen- not ceaselessly following the line of ing to the carol of birds, or gazing type that appears well nigh interupward at the ever shifting drapery minable. If you are

man of of cloud, or watching the play of business, for your own sake, for light and shadow on the green

fields
your families, and

your

friends' or golden corn, or stooping over the sakes, do have some spare hour in sylph-like flowers with their ten the day when your talk is not of thousand dyes--without the ever- crops and bullocks, of markets and lasting pencil and pocket-book to stocks, of the unsteadiness' of help us in catalogueing their several cotton, and the 'quietness of tea ; attractions ? Are our very holidays do allow some interval when those to be as sad as our funerals ? Shall in jour employ shall have some we never step aside even into a cessation from their daily toil. desert place to rest awhile without As to the particular work which robbing our temporary solitude of any man may have to do whose its chief advantage by taking our time is his own, he must be the best business or our professional cares judge when and how to do it. No along with us ?

universal rule can be given. Nor In truth to us no opinions seem is it fair to denounce men as idle more unfitted to Englishmen of the whose method of work differs from present day than these. With the your own. We are therefore quite numberless instances supplied by prepared to endorse the opinion the scantiest observation of the fatal that the true test of the employconsequences of overwork, the great ment of a man's time is, what he curse of modern England, it would does effect, no matter how; and appear wiser in this age to advocate, that it is quite a different question and jealously to keep, regular what he might have affected, if his seasons of genuine relaxation. By character had been totally different sheer drudgery you may yourself from what it is.'

Obituary.

HENRY SLEATH.—Though the 're- that which contains memorials of cord of the saints is on high,' we the pious dead. are not forbidden to cherish and Amongst this number may now preserve the remembrance of them be reckoned Henry Sleath, who died on earth; and to many of the at Rothley, Leicestershire, February readers of this Magazine not the 9th, 1863, in the ninety-first year of least interesting portion of it is, his age, after honourably maintaining

sermon

the Christian profession for nearly social prayer-meetings much to the seventy years, and the office of edification of those present; he deacon of the General Baptist church also for a number of years adminisat Rothley nearly fifty years. Our tered the ordinance of baptism; departed friend was born at Nor was treasurer of the church and manton-on-Soar, in the county of Sabbath-school, &c.; in fact it is Nottingham, on the 24th of August, surprising that with a limited educa1772. His parents being in humble tion he was able to undertake and circumstances, and his father dying accomplish so much. He was much while he was young, Henry left interested in the success of the home for service in his early days. Foreign Mission, and was a subUnder the ministry of Mr. John scriber to its funds from its comTarratt, who preached at Kegworth, mencement.. During a long life our Diseworth, Castle Donington, &c., departed friend was eminently a he was led to decide for Christ. man of peace, and if in the exercise The

which caused his of his office he had to reprove, it was awakening was from Matthew vi. always done with fidelity and affec. 24., Ye cannot serve God and mammon. tion. For several years before his It was about the same time and death he was incapacitated through under the ministry of Mr. Tarratt infirmity of body for taking the that that distinguished servant of active part in the affairs of the church God the late Rev. Joseph Jarrom, which he had done for so many 'was led to a clear conception of the years, but as long as he was able he plan of salvation by faith in the continued to attend the services, and Lord Jesus Christ.'* Henry Sleath it was a great denial to him when was baptized with Mr. Jarrom and he could no longer tread the courts sixteen others in the river Soar at of the Lord's house, which he was Ratcliffe, near Kegworth, May 31st, not permitted to do for more than 1795, in his 23rd year, and united to two years. Those who visited him the church at Kegworth. From during this time will remember his Kegworth he removed to Sutton high appreciation of Christian Bonington, and from thence to fellowship. He retained all his Rothley in the year 1806. The faculties, except eyesight which interest and anxiety he manifested failed him, so that he was unable to for the extension of his Master's read that word which had been a cause, and his exemplary conduct, light to his feet and a lamp to his path. led the friends at Rothley to elect Tbis he felt very keenly, but always him a deacon in 1814, an act which manifested a spirit of resignation. they never had cause to regret. A His memory was well stored with brother deacon now in the decline scriptural knowledge, and as a friend of life who was associated with him once observed, he seemed to know from the time he joined the church the hymn book by heart. The at Rothley, says of him he honour- hymn commencing ably sustained this office to the satisfaction of all his brethren for "Let all our tongues be one, forty-nine years. He was a man

To praise our God on high.' of uprightness and integrity, firmly attached to the cause of Christ and

was a favourite with him, and he to the General Baptist denomination. would, when giving expression to He was seldom absent from the his feelings, often say, public or private means of grace,

• Where Jesus is I long to be, and always willing to assist the

I long that upper world to see.' cause of the Redeemer. When the church was without a minister he He had a very strong sense of his was in the habit of conducting the own unworthiness, and placed his

See General Baptist Repository for trust for salvation and hopes of February 1845.

heaven alone in the merits and death

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