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Letter from Dr. Livingstone.


feel that we fall sadly short of this will be, by the grace of Christ, standard of requirements. Most made into able teachers of the likely we do. But while humbled gospel, workmen that need not be by the comparison, let us be neither ashamed. The God of salvation discouraged nor deterred. The accept and crown our service. Lord has need of us, even as we are. I remain, dear friends, The children need us even as we

Your brother and felloware. We would not refuse the

servant for Jesus' sake, offered aid of any one who is willing

Thos. W. MATHEWS. to aid us, though we may justly To the Teachers of the General deem them scarcely half fit for the Baptist Sunday-school Union work. But in teaching they may be in the Lincolnshire District. taught; and we, if we are willing,




DR. LIVINGSTONE has addressed the hottest season of the year, and even following letter to the editor of The then found the climate deliciously Medical Times and Gazette :

cool. When previously in the “Sir,-In a leading article in Upper Shiré Valley, at an altitude The Medical Times and Gazette of of 1,200 feet above the sea, we were July 5th, 1862, headed "English drinking water at 84 degrees, and

, Sacrifices in Central Africa,” after in one day, mounting up to an altiremarking on the general sickness tude of between 3,000 and 4,000 that prevailed at the mission station feet, we had every few miles a Magomero, you very naturally ask, gushing stream, with the water at “How then can we reconcile these 65 degrees. The air had that bracing sad facts with the statement that effect which the mountain breezes the mission under the direction of have at home, and we

were all Dr. Livingstone settled down in an struck by observing far more very admirable station high up the river, old people than we had seen anywhere the country is an elevated where else. Our stay was too short plateau, where the climate is toler- for our own experience to be worth ably salubrious, and where a dense anything; and the experience of population is immediately available the missionaries amounts only to for missionary work?!". The quo- this--that without sanitary pretation is from the bishop, and ex- cautions the health is endangered presses the opinion which I formed, here as it is everywhere else.

The and still hold, as to the general missionaries were placed in very healthiness of the plateau referred peculiar circumstances, and such as to. The spot, taken as a temporary probably they never anticipated. residence until extensive acquaint. As we climbed up the plateau toance with the whole region should gether, and felt its refreshing enable the head of the mission to breezes, we met parties of Portuselect a suitable locality for a per- guese, with long lines of bound manent abode, was forty or fifty captives in their possession. These miles distant from the Elephant were soon made free, and the bishop, Marsh,” and at an altitude of be trusting to the support of those who tween 3,000 and 4,000 feet above it. had sent him, bravely took charge We shall therefore try to think of of them. These re-captives soon the marsh and mission station as amounted to 200 ; but in what distinct as Oxford and London. The follows I have only the testimony of plateau is ten or twelve miles broad, the missionaries themselves, for I and probably 100 in length. We then left, and pursued the explorahappened to travel along it at the tion of Lake Nyassa for some 225



miles. Magomero was situated on fatal trip, and began by walking the bend of a small river of exactly through the stream, remarking that the same shape as that into which he would soon be wet at any rate. General M'Clellan, for "strategic After two days' walking in a plight reasons, ran. It was shaded by which you may imagine, he reached lofty trees, which the poor bishop the Shiré, embarked in a miserable admired exceedingly, and resolved small canoe, and after dropping down to preserve.

The efforts of the the stream one day was upset, lost missionaries failed to prevent these clothes and medicines, and went on, two hundred people from depositing of course, still wet-coffee, tea, and their droppings all over a space of sugar all gone ; it is scarcely possi. less than one hundred yards by fifty, ble to conceive a more miserable and it was then fitly described as a plight. But let any one go through "pest-hole.” For some months the the same amount of exposure in people adjacent and around them England, and he will as certainly be brought abundance of provisions for cut off by consumption as the bishop sale, and no one imagined that these and Mr. Burrup were by fever and were all their surplus stores; but dysentery. When I began to travel after the expenditure of the surplus I walked through streams, and

famine. The missionaries braved rains in the same way the nobly shared their own provisions bishop did ; but I found that I had with the poor wretches whom they fever perpetually, and gave up the had adopted, and were reduced to habit, though it was really pleasant the same hard and scanty fare. to have the extremities cooled. You About fifty of the natives perished will perform a good service if you by ulcers and dysentery, and to me warn all Europeans going to the the wonder is, not that in that foul tropics to take as good care of their den the whites presented the sorry health there as they do at home. figure you have drawn, but that they In addition to the loss of invaluable were not all cut off together. Now, services, these untimely deaths are don't blame them; they felt the a great misfortune to the cause of necessity of removing out of the African civilization, because people pest-hole,

but the grass had all been immediately ascribe them to the inburned off, and new huts could not evitable effects of the climate, and be built; slave-hunting, at the in- with you say, “It is of no use to stigation of the Portuguese of Tette, send missionaries where they can. was going on all around them; they not live." In our expedition, though were in new and untried circum- we have undergone exposure to stances; had to retire to the low- which no missionary need subject lands: but still all think that the himself, we have had but two deaths plateau is the healthiest abode, and among a large number of Europeans will return as soon as possible. in four years, and these were caused

• The bishop, whose untimely fate by detention sorely against our will everyone who knew him must deeply in most unwholesome localities. deplore, never spared himself, and 'No great work can be accomwas foremost in depriving himself plished without pain and suffering, of the comforts which you rightly and even death. Those who, with conclude are indispensible to Euro- you, "would not say a word to damp peans, in order to save his orphan the energy of missionaries and of children. He and Burrup were the those that send them,” must expect strongest of the party, and were to hear cases like that of the nobleproportionately disregardful of their minded Indian officer who lately fell health. Exposed for more than a a victim to gigantic labours during week previously to hard, fast the Indian famine, or that of Lord marches, worse fare, and drenching Canning, and try to place a slight showers, he set out from Magomero, drag on the imagination. Horror ill with diarrhea, on his last and seems to lay hold on you at the bare

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mention of " Elephant Swamp.” Il a merry laugh, which I beg you to am actually to pass through it to believe has not one particle of ill. morrow, and am only sorry that the nature in it, and the quotation, enormous herds of elephants—we have seen eight hundred in it at “Oh, wad some power the giftie gie us, once-have become so knowing that To see oursels as ithers see us.' we have no chance of getting a steak or a foot. But see the effect You have actually a larger area of of bad example: my imagination, cesspool and marsh around and do as I will to prevent it, obstinately above London than exists in the pictures you sitting on that wilder. Elephant Swamp, and to the direful ness of eight hundred cesspools, effects let typhus, typhoid, diphtheria, which the commissioners only the cholera, consumption, scrofula, &c., other day swept away, and drinking testify. Here they are absolutely water mixed according to Dr. unknown. But our fever, if ill. Acland, with all the abominations treated, as by bleedings, or not and unutterable filthiness which are treated, as it was in the case of the poured out of Oxford, Reading, &c., missionaries at Linyanti, who took into your cup: Oh! you filter your only a little Dover's powder, is as water through a few inches of sand, fatal as any two in your catalogue. do you? I would not trust it (unless And while it would be “penny wise I were in London) though filtered and pound foolish” to make misthrough the Great Sahara. The sionaries of inferior men, good men delicious unconsciousness with which ought invariably to be accompanied you exclaim, “Elephant Marsh ; | by a thoroughly educated and wellgood heavens! what a vista of deep paid medical officer. swamp, rotting vegetation, flies,

'I am, &c., vermin, stinks, agues, and dysentery

• DAVID LIVINGSTONE. do the words call up!” only excite River Shirè, January 26th.'

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soul as the light of the sun, in

which alone the sun can be beheld. THE true Christian's intercourse Let him habitually dwell at the with God is a living, personal, heart-mercy-seat, speaking to God with felt communion. Let the profane holy familiarity and child-like conscoffer, and the cold-hearted infidel, fidence, making known his wants, and the formal hypocrite, and the casting his burdens on the Lord, self-righteous moralist, smile, if imploring His favour, and desiring they will, with a mixture of in- 'to be changed into the same image, dignation and contempt at the idea from glory to glory, and from the of such fellowship, but it is for all depths of a rich experience he will that a blessed reality. Personal be able to say, Truly my fellowship intimacy with God is the privilege is with the Father, and with His Son. of every believer. Let him approach the Bible with reverence as God's great autograph; and as he reads it in faith, he will find the exceed- THERE are many more good and truly ing great and precious promises pious people in the world than we break like the waves of the sea in generally suppose. And there are music on the shore of his heart, a great many people that we should and the truth will dawn upon his love, if we only knew them better.


some are.

All men are not reprobates because twelve, at one, at two, at three, at

Judas was one of the four, the sound of that clock may twelve, yet the rest were true men. be heard for miles around-Twelve! Peter loved his Lord, though he -One ! - Two! - Three ! - Four ! once denied Him, and is no doubt a How that clock is heard by many saint in heaven, whether he ever a sleepless man. was a Pope in Rome or not-perhaps That clock is just like the conall the better saint because he was science of the impenitent man. not. Arnold's treachery does not While he has health and strength, prove that Washington did not love and goes on in the whirl of business, and serve his country till his death. he will not hear his conscience. He What, then, if some church mem- drowns and silences its voice by bers are rude, unpolished, or even plunging into the world. He will starched hypocrites, it does not not allow the inner man to speak follow that Christianity is not the to him. But the day will come true religion. We cannot have a when conscience wiil be heard, community fit to live in until the whether he likes it or not. The practice of wholesale slandering day will come when its voice will and cruel, rash, unfounded judg. sound in his ears, and pierce like a ments, is corrected. Public senti. sword. The time must come when ment must be elevated and purified he must retire from the world, and from the vulture-seeking of a lie down on the sick bed, and look neighbour's wrong-doings, and by death in the face. And then the speaking only the truth, and the clock of conscience, that solemn truth only when necessary.

clock, will sound in his heart, and

if he has not repented, will bring LIFE WITHOUT TRIALS.

wretchedness and misery to his soul.

0, no! write it down in the tablets WOULD you wish to live without a of your hearts-Without repentance, trial P- Then you would wish to live no peace ! but half a man.

Without trial, you cannot guess at your own strength. Men do not learn to swim on table; they must go into deep PARENTS sometimes do their children water and buffet the waves. If injustice by too great severity. you wish to understand their true Others, it may be, do them as great character, if you would know their injustice by a too great indulgence. whole strength-of what they are some give too much, are too in. capable — throw them overboard ! dulgent; and others withhold from Over with them, and if they are and restrain their children beyond worth saving, they will swim ashore prudence. It is great injustice to themselves !

withhold from our children the means of education, and more especially to deprive them of early

religious culture, such as is obtained Have you ever heard the great at chapel, and in the Sabbath-school, clock of St. Paul's, in London ? and good religious reading. It is At midday, in the roar of business, doubtless a fact that at least half when carriages and carts, waggons the criminals now in our jails and and omnibuses go rolling through prisons are what they are and where the streets, how many never hear they are, because of the injustice that great clock strike, unless they done them in their youth ! live very near it. But when the work of the day is over, and the TWO QUALITIES OF MEN, roar of business has passed awaywhen men are gone to sleep, and THERE is a negativeness of character silence reigns in London-then at / which is often mistaken for amia





Poetry-Be Just and Fear Not.


bility, or impartiality, or some other ness. The positive man has a pur. kindred virtue. The person pos- pose in life, and in all questions of sessing it never takes sides on a great interest firmly plants himself question of importance enlisting the on one side or the other, and will interest and action of men, and is make himself unmistakably, felt, equally well pleased which ever whether the decision be for him or party wins in the contest. The against his cherished view. All future of the church, of the govern. matters of public interest engage ment, of society, of man, are of his best powers, and find him either but little account to him, so that he an earnest advocate or an active is left undisturbed in his quiet, persistent opponent. Men will call plodding, aimless, journey through bim hard names, and some will life. He avoids the opposition, heartily hate him. But then he is strife, and bitterness encountered a force in the world, and all there is by the positive man, but then he is of science, art, education, governpractically, and for all useful pure ment, is attributable to him. While poses, nobody; accomplishes nothing he lives he is the only useful element in life, and dies to be forgotten as in society; and after his death, even soon as he is buried.

his enemies will rejoice at his On the other hand, there is a virtues, and vie with his friends in positiveness of character not un- their efforts to perpetuate his frequently mistaken for hardness, memory among men. selfishness, arrogance, querulous




Speak thou the truth. Let others fence Show thou thy light. If conscience gleam, And trim their words for pay ;

Set not the bushel down; In pleasant sunshine of pretence

The smallest spark may send His beam Let others bask their day.

O'er hamlet, tower, and town. Guard thou the fact, though clouds of night Woe, woe to him on safety bent, Down on thy watch-tower stoop;

Who creeps from age to youth, Though thou should'st see thine heart's delight Failing to grasp his life's intent Borne from thee by their swoop.

Because he fears the truth! Face thou the wind. Though safer seem

Be true to every inmost thought, In shelter to abide,

thought, thy speech

What thou hast not by sufering bought, We were not made to sit and dream; The safe must first be tried.

Presume thou not to teach. Where God hath set His thorns about,

Hold on, hold on-thou hast the rock;

The foes are on the sand;
Cry not, “The way is plain;'
His path within for those without

The first world-tempest's ruthless shock Is paved with toil and pain.

Scatters their shifting strand;

While each wild gust the mist shall clear One fragment of His blessed word

We now see darkly through, Into thy spirit burned,

And justified at last appear Is better than the whole, half-heard,

The true, in Him that's true. And by thine interests turned,

Macmillan's Magazine.

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