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words which define the uses of con. / stories. There is the chamber of versation, that of 'edifying' and the mind, for instance. To this that of giving 'grace,' or rather, conversation it is to give grace. It these are two expressions of the is to furnish the miud with pure
and same idea, the one explaining the beautiful thoughts. It is to supply other. Let us look for a moment at pictures of truth and ornaments of each. Conversation then ought to sparkling skill. Only redeem it and 'edify.' This word is of the same how easily it may do all this! That class as 'edifice,' the root of it being which of all things makes a graceful the syllable 'ed,' which contains and beautiful mind is free interthe idea of building. To edify course with those who are as cultured therefore, is to build up. This is as ourselves or more so. Let us declared to be the purpose of con- see that our conversation conforms versation. We converse that we to this rule. It may be as free as we may build up.' But build up will. It may deal in jest, or debate, what? The answer is plain-it can or even in innocent gossip, for it is only be that we are to build up each not so much what we talk about as others' life and character. It stands the manner in which we talk that is therefore over against the idea of essential. Only let us see that we corruption-as though the apostle speak so as to edify, to inform, to had said 'avoid what tends to moral build up, and not to cause decay, or decay and putridity, and seek rather the sloth, which is the forerunner of so to use the sacred gift of speech decay. There are genial friends as that those who hear may be whose presence is sunshine and strengthened in their proper man. stimulus.
They speak so well that hood—builded up in a noble life and we think the better for their speech character.'
-our minds are stronger and more The second clause explains the beautiful for the contact. first-it tells us in what respects we
There is the chamber of the conought to build up each other. We science. • Grace' or beauty of are to do it by giving ‘grace' to conscience is the highest grace.
It those who hear. The want of human consists in a clear perception of character is 'grace.' That there. what is good, and an ardent love for fore which benefits man is whatever it. We know nothing which can confers this needful gift. If we can give this so well as wisely ordered understand this we shall have the conversation. For the very idea of whole art of conversation' according right and wrong is unfolded by to the apostle Paul. What then is society. It is the perception of the grace? We reply, 'grace' is spiritual relations in which we stand to our proportion, harmony, beauty. The fellow men which gives us the idea grace of God is the kindly love of of duty. A man left to run wild God, who pities and cares for men. would soon lose his ideas of right And grace in men is that love ap- and wrong. God has placed us in propriated and developed in their society that we may learn the re
hearts until these become lations of father, brother, husband, beautiful and lovely in all their wife, and friend, and see the condnct thoughts and deeds. What 'minis. appropriate to these solemn trusts. ters grace' therefore, is what con. And it is through our influence over tributes to completeness of man- each other that we are to educate hood so as to make a truly loveable this conscience to perfection. Take character. And this really builds care then that your words do this. up' the heart of man. It makes Be reverent to duty in your speech, man a temple of the Holy Ghost, Let no word fall which can be pled a building of God, a house not made in excuse for sin. Let the tempted with hands.
be helped, the pure be further This temple, the renewed nature purified, and even the profligate be of man, has many chambers and I shamed into compliance by the lofty
Cautious as to the Matter of Speaking, fc.
moral tone of our society. Speak | 'grace of God, and the perfect as men who have the perfect man, 'grace' of man. He will give Himthe man Christ Jesus, dwelling in self to you if you will; and if He your hearts. Make an atmosphere does, you will daily 'grow in grace.' about you which shall be healthy The mind which was in Christ Jesus for all men to breathe.
is the only perfect mind. Go to Him. There is a chamber of the heart, Look at that speaking countenance or the affections. Let your conversa- as it beams upon you from His tion be kindly and genial. In the history in the Evangels till you are rude, rough world, your homes may changed into the same image.' be one place, at all events, where The only other hint we have to selfishness cannot penetrate, but give is one of caution. And this where all which is said shall tend relates to two things; the matter of to humanize and genialize your speaking, and the time to speak. As brethren. You must have care and to this last, let us remember what sorrow. The wrinkles will form the wise man has told us, there is a upon your brow, and your hair will time to speak and a time to keep silence. whiten with the years, but you The Germans say, 'Speech is silver, may keep a young heart if you will. silence is golden. Would it not be Yes,-you may keep the heart even well for many among us if we could of a little child. You must, if you form the habit of waiting at any are to enter the kingdom of heaven. rate until we have something to And if you do,—then, oh then-your say ? The man who talks perpetuconversation will be good to building ally must be an extraordinary man up a simple heart in others. Out of if he does not often speak great the abundance of the heart the mouth folly. As Bishop Butler says, 'If speaketh, and from a Christly heart, such persons are entertaining, it is therefore, helpful words will flow. at their own expense. Is it possible
In this way we may catch, im- that it can never come into people's perfectly no doubt, but still we may thoughts to enquire whether it is catch the spirit of the apostle's really to their advantage to show so words. This is the use of conversa- much of themselves ? “ As hills of tion, to play out thought and feeling sand are to the steps of the aged, purely, and in this way to minister so is a man of many words to a grace' to men. But how? We quiet man. One who is often silent have only a brief space in which to will be more likely than another to answer this question.
speak helpfully when he does speak. And first, as it is plain that we The other caution relates to the
never give what we do not matter of conversation. Take care possess, we must have grace in our what you speak about. In this it is selves. Beauty of mind and spirit not possible to lay down formal must characterize us, or they cannot rules. Every one must judge for flow forth into our words and so himself. A great deal will depend cannot be given to our companions. upon the company; a great deal We have no new rule for the getting again on the occasion of the meeting of these. They must be won by and on the mood of mind. Laughter long striving, by patient determina- is out of place in the house of tion, and by faithful self-culture; sorrow, and sorrowful words are for God has so constituted the world ill-timed to one who is light of that speaking strictly he gives us heart. All we say is; speak with almost nothing, but on the other thoughtfulness. Have a reason for hand, makes everything over to what you say. Let the words be honest effort. Yet the word 'grace' few and well chosen, remembering implies favour and gift, so that we always what the great Book has told may be sure there is a bestowment us: By thy words thou shalt be justified, somewhere. You know where it is. and by thy words shalt thou be cona You know Who is the Incarnate | demned.
J. F. S.
PASSAGES FROM THE TRADITIONS OF THE COVENANTERS.
CHAPTER IV.-A RUN FOR DEAR LIFE.
The guests at the Miny, remained forth in every direction from Muirnearly the whole of the winter. kirk. When spring came round, all had One day, a small company, under fled. The news of the refuge' now Cochrane, was ravaging the parts became known among the Covenant- about Cairntable, intending to seize ing brethren, and others sought its upon any stray person they could find. friendly shelter.
All were drunk as usual, for the tin But how long that shelter would flasks of whiskey which they carried be available was fast becoming a with them had been used without matter of grave debate. The laird stint; and some were so intoxicated had made Gilbert his gamekeeper; as scarcely to keep in their saddles. and the troopers at Muirkirk had They were in perpetual danger of come to think well of him because an overthrow from the uncertain they once saw him, as they thought, nature of the moss. At length one fire after poachers. While the heavy steed did stumble, and threw curate of Auchenleck, notorious for his rider with great violence to the giving information of disaffected ground. The heartless troopers did people, hardly knew there was such not stop to help their comrade, but à spot as the Miny, since it lay some turned his misfortune into ridicule. twelve miles right in the heart of 'Let him lie there,' said one; 'it the moss; and the curate of Muir- will teach him better manners than kirk didn't trouble himself about attempting to ride before his betters.' its inhabitants, because they were 'Let him seek favour with Crichton not in his parish.
now,' said another. 'Itrow this will But the troopers who had long stop his vaunting. Thus muttering, been garrisoned at Muirkirk were they rode on, and left him to his relieved by others under the com- fate. mand of the notorious Crichton. All this was seen by three CoveHe was fierce, bloodthirsty, and nanters who were hiding in a hollow unscrupulous. It is enough further on the face of the hill. They pitied to say that he fought under Claver- the poor man, though one of their house at Bothwell Bridge, and even foes, and yearned to render him earned his approbation. His assistance if alive, or bury him if dragoons were not slow in imitating dead. They accordingly crept out their master, and were reckoned the of their lair and descended the hill. worst that infested the uplands. By this time the troopers began They were scarcely ever sober. to think what account they should Indeed drunkenness characterized render for the loss of their comthe whole of the persecuting party, panion, and for the loss of the horse, from the men who sat in the council which could be even less spared than down to the lowest soldiery. Even the rider. They returned in a body, the curates, the lairds, and the in- and soon came in sight of the formers, were all more or less ad animal grazing quietly on the moor, dicted to this vice. Crichton's and this guided them to the spot dragoons were a terror to the where their comrade lay. As they women, and by their conduct ante approached they quickly discerned dated some of the most revolting the three men who were stooping parts of the Indian mutiny. Plunder, over the fallen trooper. They at rape, murder-nothing came amiss. once gave chase. The 'brethren Crichton, keenly intent on ferreting retreated hastily, and rounding the out the Covenanters, sent his troopers I hill for a few minutes lost sight of
the horsemen. The pursuit now and the other two, as they imagined, became hotter, and the dragoons had tumbled lifeless into the ravine were soon again in full view. The-Cochrane began his retreat, leaving fugitives saw in the hollow which his victims to be buried by any one lay before them an extensive moss, who chose to undertake the task. into the heart of which it was their Many bodies were thus left on the intention to run. They plunged in, moors. and struggled on, through the deep The men in the ravine hags, onward, still onward, until simply bruised by their fall among they reached a green spot, on which the bushes. Perceiving the hubbub they ftung themselves prostrate, had ceased, and not knowing the more dead than alive.
fate of their companion, they The troopers stood to consider. scrambled up to the edge of the It was obvious at a glance that their ravine, and saw the horsemen dehorses could not enter the morass. parting in the distance, and the Their fire-arms were at once in re body of their companion lying on quisition, but the balls failed to the grass. As they came near him reach their intented objects. The they found that while life was not fugitives lay panting on the mossy extinct his body was literally bathed platform perfectly secure.
in a pool of blood. The dying man Cochrane was not to be baffled. raised his head when he heard the Three of the six troopers were familiar voices of his friends, and ordered to dismount, and three to said, with a feeble voice and with ride round the moss and cut off the most painful articulation- I am retreat of the brethren. Seeing the dying ; I am dying; but I am predicament they were in, the three happy, happy, yes, happy; and if I Covenanters rose from their resting. had a thousand lives I would lay place, and cleared the morass before them all down for Christ. O! how the troopers came round. The sweet to suffer for Christ! I shall rest were at once recalled, again soon see Him who loved me and gave mounted their horses, and hastened, Himself for me. I know God has with Cochrane, to the three in ad. received me for Christ's sake. I vance. The men fled to the height feel it in my heart.” After a pause on the other side; but exhausted, he added, 'Bear my love to my dear and with pursuers on horseback, it mother, my brothers and sisters. was evident that they must speedily My father has already borne his give in. Every yard they trod the testimony for Christ, and may be powerful horses of the troopers his spirit will come along with gained ground. One of the brethren angels and conduct my soul to glory. fell through sheer exhaustion, but I leave my love to all my suffering recovering himself, rose and fled brethren. I forgive my enemies. with the rest. By this time they Kiss me, my dear friends, and then were nearing the edge of a ravine, I will die, and-and- He could precipitous, and filled with dense say no more. Life had fled. hazel-wood and birches.
The two survivors brushed the this was their only hope. But the tears away from their eyes, after a troopers, guessing their purpose, solemn pause, in which neither fired upon them. At the first volley spoke. They had now to consider one of the party fell. Another how to bury their martyred brother. volley : and the remaining two were Where were they to get implements on the very brink of the gully, and in that lonely place? They detertumbled over among the thicket, mined to search for the nearest while the shot went rustling among cottage; and meanwhile covered the the leaves.
body with leaves, and bushes. The soldiers thought they had As they turned to seek, the now done their work: one lay sun was setting in lured majesty. weltering in his blood on the turf, Presently they descried a thin blue column of smoke. This was their as suffering brethren, and their beacon. It led them to the Miny. story was soon told. Gilbert and his wife, with Sandy, There now,' exclaimed Grizzy, the herd boy, were now the only | 'I hae my dream read. Gibby, my inhabitants.
man,' turning to her husband, who I dinna like the look o’ the sun had sought to discourage the love at his setting the night,' said Grizzy, for dreams and portents which bis • It seems as if his face were covered gude wife had in common with wi' a cloth dipped in blood. It's thousands of her sex. Gibby-ye fearfu' to look at.'
see there is mair in dreams then • Hoot awa, woman; ye are aye some folk well wot o'i' thinkin' o' bluid,' said Gilbert. It was agreed to wait till night
* And can I miss,' she replied, had set in before venturing back 'when there has been sae muckle again to the murdered Covenanter. bluid shed in these moorlands, and Meanwhile the two strangers enwhen we canna tell how soon our joyed the hospitalities of the Miny, ain may dye the heather bloom. I and declared that they already knew had a unco dream yesternight. I its inmates before they came from thought I was reading these verses the account of friends who had in the Hebrews,—They were stoned, sojourned with them. they were sawn asunder, were tempted, The darkness having set in, the were slain with the sword; they three men proceeded along the wandered about in sheepskins and dreary moss, the footing of which goatskins, being destitute, afflicted, was somewhat dangerous. Sandy tormented: Of whom the world was followed with a lantern, which was not worthy : they wandered in deserts, not lit till they were half a mile from and in mountains, and in dens, and caves the house. On reaching the body, of the earth. And just as I was reading, the leaves were removed, a grave there fell twa draps o'bright red was dug in the moss, just where the bluid on the very words; and I martyr fell, and the face having closed the Book, for I could read been covered with a napkin, the nae mair. And then I thought I body was gently lowered into its went to the end of the house, and narrow bed. The body was now saw, in the dark muir, a deep, deep, strewn with leaves stripped from grave wi' the black moss lying on the branches, and then the moss the side, and I awoke in a fright.' covered all. A stone was placed at
At this moment a gentle knock the head of the grave, and another was heard at the door, and the two at the foot. The little company men stood before it. Gilbert kindly knelt down round the spot, their asked them in, not knowing whether faces bathed in tears, and prayed, to consider them friends or foes. and the Comforter was with them, In a brief space, however, suspicions and filled their hearts with peace. vanished, the men were welcomed
CHAPTER V.--THE CONVENTICLE AT GLENMUIR SHAW, AND WHAT CAME OF IT. GLENMUIR WATER is a beautiful seem to guard the venerable spot. strath that stretches up through the Close to the old castle, near the moorlands, south of Muirkirk. The stream that flows through the lonely upper part is wild and desolate in glen, stood a farmhouse known as the extreme, and as secluded a glen Glenmuir Shaw. Its distance from as could be desired. Far up the the Miny was inconsiderable, and strath, in the very heart of the the worthy farmer who occupied it solitudes, stood an old baronial and Gilbert were fast friends. castle. The ruins remain to this It had been agreed at one of the day, and are environed by aged prayer-meetings held at Friarminion trees, the growth of centuries, which that a conventicle should be kept at