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of bread doled out was reduced, were inserted between the limb and and no drink was allowed. After the boot, which a man drove in with we had sailed from Leith we met a large mallet till the bone within with very severe storms. In De- this instrument was compressed and cember we were off the Orkneys, crushed in the most frightful manner. and in a very dangerous sea. We The shrieks of the

person writhing came nearer the shore and cast under the agony of this diabolical anchor. The prisoners begged to instrument were unendurable. And be put on shore, and taken to any yet the monsters who sat at the prison. This the captain-who was Council laughed, and winked, and å Papist-refused. The hatches jeered ; and none enjoyed the scene were nailed down by his orders, more than the Duke of York.' that no prisoner might escape.

The account of Arthur Allan's About ten o'clock at night the ship friend is confirmed in every par, was torn from her anchor by å ticular by the treatment received violent gust of wind, and being from the hands of the Council by forced upon a rock, broke in the Hugh Mackail. middle. The seamen lowered the Days passed away, and Arthur main mast, and laying it between the found the Miny both safe and broken ship and the rock, quickly pleasant. Geordy Ga' had deserted got ashore.

The poor prisoners the troopers and joined the little cried vehemently to be released company, and Eddie was now a perfrom the hold, but the sailors would manent guest. Gilbert and Grizzy not even open the hatches. Some cared for Arthur as their own child, who did escape from the hold were which affection he was not slow to driven back by the captain and the return. None of them suspected sailors into the boiling sea ; others how near his end was. were more successful. Fifty, myself One day Arthur went to a Conamong them, got safe to land; but venticle held in the upper wilds of about 200 were drowned.'

the Afton. A company of troopers Arthur Allan's narrative thrilled accidentally fell upon them. Arthur his eager listeners, who offered him fled, for some distance successfully; a permanent home beneath their roof. but his strength failed him. He Arthur also confirmed the rumours sank exhausted on the moss, and Gilbert and his wife had heard of the troopers soon made him their the cruelties practised by the council prisoner. It was agreed to shoot at Edinburgh.

him on the spot. At once he was • An acquaintance of mine,' said ordered to prepare. He knelt down Allan, . who was brought before and offered a fervent prayer to his that tribunal, told me that he was Fatherin heaven, and then arose upon subjected to the most infamous his feet and stood undaunted and tortures. He had first to bear the erect. They bade bim pull his bonnet thumbkins, and then the bootkins. over his face, but he replied, 'I am His thumbs were placed in a sort of not ashamed of what I have done, iron vice, which was screwed so hard and I am not afraid to meet death that the bones crashed within the as a witness for Jesus Christ and instrument, and the blood and His precious truth. He uncovered marrow spouted out, and so intense his head, grasped his Bible firmly, were his sufferings that he fainted gazed upward to heaven, his lips away. He was sent back to prison, moving in silent prayer. The word where he lay several weeks. As was given-Fire !' The flash and his tormentors could get nothing the report instantly followed. The criminative from him, they applied martyr lay dead on the heath. Two the bootkins, which were ten-fold shepherds overheard the report, more excruciating than the thumb- and seeing the troopers march king. These boots were of iron, away from the place whence adjusted to the leg, and the wedges the sound came, they hurried Geordy Ga' and the Trooper.

447

forward. They found a man lying sheet. Her poor heart was ready dead in a pool of blood. The nearest to break as she saw the dear lad house was the Miny, They came lying, slaughtered on the moor. thither, briefly told their tale. The last rites were tearfully perGilbert and his friends hastened formed by her, and the body was to the spot. No words can describe then lowered into the mossy trench their uncontrollable grief when they and filled up. When nothing more saw that the dead man was poor remained to be done, the mourners Arthur. It was at first proposed to sat down in a circle,

and gave way carry his corpse to the Miny; but at to a flood of tears. That night sad. length it was agreed to bury him ness marked every face that gathered where he fell. Sandy fetched a spade, by the Miny fire. Arthur was gone. and Grizzy brought out one of Who would be the next P' her best blankets as a winding

CHAPTER X.-HOW GEORDY GA' WORSTED THE TROOPER, AND GOT VALUABLE

INFORMATION. THE CONCLUSION.

GEORDY GA' and Eddie now became You understand ? And Geordyincreasingly cautious. But their let me tell you Crichton has two vigilance did not prevent them spies in his pay: one has a squint from occasionally venturing abroad. in his left eyė, and red hair, and On one of these rambles Geordy was passes

himself off as Patrick surprised by a trooper. He learnt Laing, of Blagannoch. The other that a goodly price had been set is a pedlar. He has a deep scar in upon his head, but was not disposed his chin, got in a drunken quarrel. to allow his old companion Ringan He comes creeping in with his to get it. A personal conflict en- pack, and in a timid sort of way sued-Geordy's only weapon being tries to bespeak the favour of the & massive club. The combat was mistress. He generally comes very short. With a powerful sweep towards dusk, and seeks a lodging. of his club he sent the trooper's These are the only two spies now pistol spinning through the air. He on the alert. I tell you, Geordy, was now in Geordy's power, and for I know you wont betray an old surrendered.

friend.' "And now, Ringan,' said Geordy, After further conversation, Ringan "I will let you go. We have been left. His information proved incompanions in iniquity. We are valuable. That very night the sleek 80 no longer. exhort you to pedlar was beaten off by the adroitrepent.'

ness of Gilbert, who had been made The trooper paid little heed to acquainted with his character. The Geordy's exhortations; but for his boy Sandy was despatched hither own credit's sake he determined to and thither to warn the various say nothing about this encounter families of the false Patrick and when he returned.

the pedlar. Do you remember old Eddie ?' But what was to be done at the said Ringan. 'Well, if you meet Miny? How was the 'douce cuddie' him, put him on his guard. Crichton to be hidden ? Geordy proposed that suspects him of treachery, and will as the old cuddie grazing about would no longer treat him as before. Tell attract attention, it had better be him if you see him to keep his killed. Eddie opposed. It was douce cuddie and his pawky self agreed at length to imprison it in out of sight for a season. And then the Auchty-the old vault being there's that silly whining creature, dreaded by Crichton and his party the farmer at the Miny, he's sus. as a dolorous and haunted place. pected with the rest. Tell him to Not long after increased caution keep his premises clear of poachers. I became necessary at the Miny.

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Claverhouse had come into the gain bisownend-there-introduction neighbourhood, and was making a of Popery, that masterpiece of the diligent search of every cottage and devil's invention. farm-steading. Sandy was therefore A few words, and our work is appointed as a sentinel in the day : done. The inmates of the Miny but who was to watch at night P lived to a green old age, and Presently the searching party came prospered in their worldly matters. in the direction of the Miny. The Eddie still remained at the house whole inmates, except Grizzy, filed which had afforded him shelter and to the haunted vault. When the comfort so long and preceded his troopers came they searched about, friends to the tomb. He was buried, and finding nobody, were about to according to his wish, in the moorretreat. Some of the troopers said land with the martyrs. No stone they had found an old vault, and marks his resting-place. His poor suggested that they should search donkey, which strolled about the that. Cochrane and Ringan, who moor, was found dead on the day of were guiding the party, exchanged his master's funeral. Geordy belooks. Remembering a former at- a substantial farmer, and tempt to explore it, a shudder passed maintained his consistency as over them as they recalled the Covenanter. He lived far on in hideous sights and sounds associated the century that succeeded the perwith the Auchty. Cruel men are secution. Peter Corsan and Sarah, often superstitious. These men dear old friends of Gilbert and feared as they thought of these Grizzy, were spared to talk over by omnious things. Others, less timid, the hearth-fire in better times the laughed at their fears, and proposed persecutions and dangers of_the to begin their search. They hastened past. John and Willie, of Lesto the mouth of the vault with a mahagow, were blessed in their courage that very soon limped. surviving years. The upland Eddie's donkey hearing footsteps people who lived in the localities began to bray, and his voice roared which have been mentioned in these and resounded like thunder, or the Passages' cherished the memory din of twenty gongs all playing at of their ancestors with the warmest once. The bats fluttered wildly interest, and to this day the people over their heads. The searchers of the district point out the spots halted in terror, and fled. The vault which have been hallowed by the was unmolested ever afterwards. fidelity, the patience, and the

The persecution now began to martrydom of their forefathers.* flag, partly through the want of victims, and partly through more

* The substance of these Sketches may lenient measures devised by the be found in the admirable but indigested king. His lenience, however, was materials given in Dr. Simpson's 'MARTYBonly adopted the more securely to LAND.'

PRESERVE, O Lord, within our hearts

The memory of Thy favour,
That else insensibly departs,

And loses its sweet savour.
Lodge it within us! As the power of light

Lives inexhaustibly in precious gems

Fix'd on the front of Eastern diadems,
So shine our thankfulness for ever bright!

-Wordsworth,

ARMINIUS: A BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH.

CHAPTEIL VIII.-HIS LAST DEFENCE, AND DEATH.

recover

was

AMID continuous labours, patient | His friends were alarmed, and feared study, and irritating contentions, the consequences would be fatal. the health of Arminius at last broke By careful treatment, however, and down. Two months after the ap- the blessing of God, he was yet pearance of Gomar alone before the again permitted to

his assembly of the States of Holland, health, and return to his duties. Arminius was prostrate from afflic- The conflict went on. The tenets tion. His recovery was slow, but of the high predestinarian school in less than six months sufficiently were openly discussed not only in complete to allow of his resuming the universities and the pulpits of the duties of the professorship. Hoiland, but in the market-places, Evidence of his renewed vigour is and in the corners of the streets. seen in the disputation held in the Mistakes were freely made ; the summer of 1609, upon the call of opinions of Gomar were assigned to men to salvation.' On this, as on Arminius, and those of Arminius to other occasions, Arminius stated his Gomar; and the chief points at opinions plainly and without hesita- issue were sometimes altogether tion. , He denied that in the moral missed. To inform the public mind crisis called conversion, God exerts and direct its decision, the disputaan irresistible and necessitating tion of the Professors on 'predestiforce upon the soul, and he main- nation,' was published; pamphlets tained that either God supplies, or also appeared for and against the He is ready to bestow, the power to views of each champion. Moreover, perform that to which in His call He the friends of Arminius translated invites mankind. This was an im- several of his Latin treatises, and portant discussion. Gomar sent them forth far and wide. Thus present and took notes, muttering the flame of discord was fanned, now and then his disapprobation, and the spirit of controversy burned and once audibly exclaiming, 'What more fiercely every day. impudence is this?' At the close, Again the States interposed, as he reached the door of the room, soliciting another conference before he said, “The reins have been re- their assembly between Gomar and markably well loosened for the Arminius. Their request Papacy to-day.' In a conversation promptly obeyed. Four ministers which followed Gomar promised were chosen on each side to aid the publicly to refute the position of disputants by their counsels, and the Arminius, and Arminius denying second great tilt of words took place. that he had advanced anything in Some days were consumed in trivial favour of the Papacy, said, 'Let us objections started by Gomar, first, as test each other in due time; to me to one of supporters of Arminius, it is certain that the opinion of an then as to the order of the subjects irresistible force will be found re- to be considered, and then as to the pugnantalike to the sacred Scripture, fitness of the tribunal itself. The to antiquity, and to our Confession States overruled the objections, and and Catechism.'

refused to sustain the appeal of The excitement of this disputation Gomar to an ecclesiastical court, was too great for the still delicate urging him to dismiss his quibbles. state of the health of Arminius. The conditions of the conference He repaired on the following day to were then agreed upon. It was to Oudewater, with a view in his native be conducted virů roce and afterwards air to recruit his strength. On his committed to writing, that the arrival he suffered a serious relapse. I whole matter might be reserved

was

Claverhouse had come into the gain bisownend-there-introduction neighbourhood, and was making a of Popery, that masterpiece of the diligent search of every cottage and devil's invention. farm-steading. Sandy was therefore A few words, and our work is appointed as a sentinel in the day : done. The inmates of the Miny but who was to watch at night lived to a green old age, and Presently the searching party came prospered in their worldly matters. in the direction of the Miny. The Eddie still remained at the house whole inmates, except Grizzy, fled which had afforded him shelter and to the haunted vault. When the comfort so long and preceded his troopers came they searched about, friends to the tomb. He was buried, and finding nobody, were about to according to his wish, in the moorretreat. Some of the troopers said land with the martyrs. No stone they had found an old vault, and marks his resting place. His poor suggested that they should search donkey, which strolled about the that. Cochrane and Ringan, who moor, was found dead on the day of were guiding the party, exchanged his master's funeral. Geordybe. looks. Remembering a former at- came a substantial farmer, and tempt to explore it, a shudder passed maintained his consistency as a over them as they recalled the Covenanter. He lived far on in hideous sights and sounds associated the century that succeeded the perwith the Auchty. Cruel men are secution. Peter Corsan and Sarah, often superstitious. These men dear old friends of Gilbert and feared as they thought of these Grizzy, were spared to talk over by omnious things. Others, less timid, the hearth-fire in better times the laughed at their fears, and proposed persecutions and dangers of the to begin their search. They hastened past. John and Willie, of Les. to the mouth of the vault with a mahagow, were blessed in their courage that very soon limped. surviving. years,

The upland Eddie's donkey hearing footsteps people who lived in the localities began to bray, and his voice roared which have been mentioned in these and resounded like thunder, or the Passages' cherished the memory din of twenty gongs all playing at of their ancestors with the warmest

The bats fluttered wildly interest, and to this day the people over their heads. The searchers of the district point out the spots halted in terror, and fled. The vault which have been ballowed by the was unmolested ever afterwards. fidelity, the patience, and the

The persecution now began to martrydom of their forefathers.* flag, partly through the want of victims, and partly through more

* The substance of these Sketches may lenient measures devised by the be found in the admirable but indigested king. Hi lenience, however, was materials given in Dr. Simpson's ‘MARTYBonly adopted the more securely to LAND.'

once.

PRESERVE, O Lord, within our hearts

The memory of Thy favour,
That else insensibly departs,

And loses its sweet savour.
Lodge it within us ! As the power of light

Lives inexhaustibly in precious gems

Fix'd on the front of Eastern diadems,
So shine our thankfulness for ever bright!

-Wordsworth,

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