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Latimer's Sermon of the Plough."

135

woman.

unto the Jews because they had many their mangers, and moiling in their gay wives; for they had a dispensation to do so. manors and mansions, and so troubled Christ limiteth unto us one wife only : and with loitering in their lordships that they it is a great thing for a man to rule one cannot attend it. They are otherwise ocwife rightly and ordinately. For a woman cupied, some in the king's matters, some is frail, and proclive unto all evils: a as ambassadors, some of the privy council, woman is a very weak vessel, and may some to furnish the courts, some are lords soon deceive a man, and bring him into of the parliament, some are presidents, and evil. Many examples we have in scrip. some comptrollers of mints." ture. Adam had but one wife called Eve,

“And now I would ask the strange and how soon had she brought him to con.

question ; who is the most diligentest sent unto evil, and to come to destruc. bishop and prelate in all England, that tion ? How did wicked Jezebel pervert King Ahab's heart from God and all godli- passeth all the rest in doing

his office? I

can tell, for I know him who it is ; I know ness, and finally unto destruction?

It him well. But now I think I see you is a very hard thing for a man to rule listening and hearkening that I should well one Therefore let our

name him. There is one that passeth all King, what time his grace shall be so the other, and is the most diligent prelate minded to take a wife, choose him one and preacher in all England. And will ye which is of. God, that is which is of the know who it is? I will tell you : it is the household of faith. Yea, let all estates be devil. He is the most diligent preacher of no less circumspect in choosing her, taking all; he is never out of his diocess; he is great deliberation, and then they shall not never from his cure; ye shall never find need divorcements, and such mischiefs, to him unoccupied; he is ever in his parish; the evil example and slander of our realm. he keepeth residence at all times; ye shall And that she be such one as the King can never find him out of the way, call for bim find in his heart to love, and lead his life when you will he is ever at home; the in pure and chaste espousage, and then diligentest preacher in all the realm; he he shall be the more prone and ready to is ever at his plough; no lording nor advance God's glory, and to punish and to loitering can hinder him; he is ever apply. extirp the great looseness seen in this ing his business; ye shall never find bim realm."

idle, I warrant you. And his office is to The last extract has a ring in it hinder religion, to maintain superstition, which must have told wonderfully on to set up idolatry, to teach all kind of the audience to whom it was delivered. popery. He is ready as can be wished for It is taken from the “Sermon of the to set forth his plough; to devise as many Plough."

means as can be to deface and obscure

God's glory. Where the devil is resident, “And now I sball tell you who be the and hath his plough going, then away with ploughers; for God's word is a seed to be books and up with candles ; away with sown in God's field, that is, the faithful Bibles and up with beads; away with the congregation, and the preacher is the light of the Gospel and up with the light sower. For preaching of the Gospel is of candles, yea at noondays. Where the one of God's plough-works, and the prea- devil is resident, that he may prevail, up cher is one of God's ploughmen. Ye may with all superstition and idolatry; censing, not be offended with my similitude, in that painting of images, candles, palms, ashes, I compare preaching to the labour and holy water, and new service of man's inwork of ploughing and the preacher to a venting; as though man could invent a ploughman; ye may not be offended with better way to honour God with than God this my similitude, for I have been slan. himself hath appointed. Down with dered of some persons for such things. It Christ's cross, up with purgatory, pickhas been said — 0 Latimer, nay as for him purse, up with him, the popish purgatory, I will never believe him while I live, nor i mean. Away with clothing the naked, trust him, for he likened our blessed Lady the poor and impotent, up with decking of to a saffron-bag;' where, indeed, I never images, and gay garnishing of stocks and used that similitude."

stones ; up with man's traditions and his “But now for the fault of unpreaching laws, down with God's traditions and his prelates, methink I could guess what most holy word. Down with the old might be said for excusing them. They honour due to God, and up with the new are so troubled with lordly living, they be God's honour. Let all things be done in so placed in palaces, couched in courts, Latin. Let there be nothing but Latinrufiling in their rents, dancing in their God's word may in nowise be translated dominions, burdened with ambassages, into English. O that our prelates would be pampering of their paunches, like a monk as diligent to sow the corn of good doctrine that maketh his jubilee; munching in 'as Satan is to sow cockle and darnel !"

Sabbath Schools.

yet.'

HOW HARRY BECAME A yet.' 'I give up my dog.' 'More CHRISTIAN.

The Indian dropped his head HARRY had been for a long time and wept. He had nothing else to

Are anxious to give his heart to the Saviour give. you sure that is all?' At and become a Christian; but there last he said, "I give myself to him." beemed to be something in the way. 'Aye, that will do.'" He did not know exactly what to do.

Harry understood it. “Yourself is He had been to talk with his minister your heart, and your heart is your a number of tiines, who had tried to love, Harry: You can give it to the lead him to trust in Christ, but he Saviour; ask him, and he will help you could find no peace.

He carried a

to do it. He is good, and has done weary and troubled heart, until one

much for you.

He only asks you to day his teacher, hearing that he had love him. Why, Harry, how can you been seeking the Saviour, took an

help loving him ?" opportunity to talk with him.

"I don't know how I can help it," * Harry," he said, “I understand he replied ; " but it appears as if there that you have been thinking about was something in the way.” religion lately."

“ Whatever that is, you must take it “Yes, I have,” he replied. “I want out of the way; you must open the to be a Christian-I want to give my

door of your heart and the Saviour heart to the Saviour, but I can't."

will come in." “Why, what is your heart, that you

After a few minutes his teacher said, can't give it to him?"

“Now, Harry, will you give yourself He looked up half astonished at so

to the Saviour? Will you make up odd a question, aņd after a moment's your mind to it?" consideration he replied

Yes, I will,he answered. “I don't know. I can't tell what

He went home and said to his it is."

widowed mother, “O mother! I have “Well then, Harry, get the dic- given myself to the Saviour,” and tionary, and we will see what it is."

burst into tears. So he got the dictionary, and found

His mother was overjoyed, although it to be the affections, the love.

she could not help mingling her tears " Yes, the love; now put that word with those of her only son, and only in place of heart, and do you mean to child, for whom she had prayed so long. say that you cannot love the Saviour?"

"Yes!" Harry said, looking as if he had got hold of a new idea; “but I

REMARKABLE WORKS OF want to love him. I have prayed that

HUMAN LABOUR. he would give me a new heart, (cor- NINEVEH was 14 miles long, 8 miles recting himself,) a new love, but he wide, and 46 miles round, with a wall does not give it to me."

100 feet high, and thick enough for “Why, how can he, when your old three chariots abreast. Babylon was heart is full of something else? There 50 miles within the walls, which were is no room for the new love. There is 75 feet thick, and 100 high, with 100 something for you to do first. You brazen gates. The temple of Diana, must make a place for the new love by at Ephesus, was 420 feet to the suprepenting of your sins. You must give port of the roof. It was 100 years in up everything for him. Did you ever building. The largest of the pyrainids hear of the Indian and the missionary ? was 481 feet in height, and 953 on the The Indian wanted to be a Christian. sides. The base covers 11 acres. The The missionary said he must give up stones are abont 60 feet in length, all for Christ, and then he would be a and the layers are 208. It employed Christian. “Well,' said he, 'I give up 320,000 men in building. The labymy blanket.' 'No, that is not enough.' rinth in Egypt contains 300 chambers 'I give up my gun.' 'Not enough and 12 balls. Thebes, in Egypt, pre

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gents ruins 27 miles round, and 100 Cleave to him still closer, faster,
gates. Carthage was 29 miles round. He will own and honour you.
Athens was 25 miles round, and con- Toil on, teachers ! toil on ever,
tained 350,000 citizens, and 400,000 Constantly, unflinching toil;
slaves. The temple of Delphos was Faint ye not, and weary never,
so rich in donations, that it was plun- Labour on in every soil.
dered of £10,000,000, and Nero carried Listless souls may one day waken,
away from it 200 statues. The walls Buried seeds spring up and grow,
of Rome were 13 miles round.

Sin's stout bulwarks may be shaken,

Hardened hearts may be brought low.

Toil on, teachers ! earnest, steady,
TOIL ON, TEACHERS.

Sowing wide the seed of truth,
Toil on, teachers, toil on boldly,

Always willing, cheerful, ready,
Labour on, and watch, and pray;

Watching, praying for your youth.
Men may scoff and treat you coldly, Patient, firm, and persevering,
Heed them not, go on your way;

Leaning on the promise sure;
Jesus is a loving master,

Prayer will surely gain a hearing, Cease not, then, bis work to do;

Faithful to the end endure !

Christian Work.

RAGGED SCHOOLS IN LONDON. We know one school where the boys

are famous at patching and mending, The London Ragged Schools were and at making up for themselves coats, commenced in 1844; one of these was waistcoats, and trousers, originally in the Devil's Acre, Westminster, another in St. Giles's parish, and process in its way, reminding us how,

worn by their seniors,--an ingenious another in Field Lane

in the Royal Navy, a seventy-four gun This last institution has now nu- ship is sometimes “cut down" to a merous agencies in connection with it; frigate. As for the girls, they are -an Infant School for children under taught to sew; they make up garments seven years of age is one of these, for themselves and others, besides where the poor mother going out mending their own clothes and also "a-charing" can leave her child with the family linen in the evening at thankfulness and confidence with the home. These girls, before entering matron. Little creatures are thus the Industrial School, were altogether daily sheltered, amused, and each ignorant of sewing. The Industrial "receives knowledge, like its food, in scholars in connection with the Ragged tuitively." Since the opening, at least School Union, independent of those seven hundred have been admitted. received, boarded, and provided for in Benefit has come thus to parents them- refuges, now number 2,840. selves; one of the fathers himself

The "Ladies' Clothing Societies acknowledging that his little girl were founded for the purpose of sup"would give him no rest of a morning plying the children of the day schools till he had said his prayers."

with clothing at one-third less than These little children are taught to the cost of the material. The respecread, to write, to sing, and to sew. tive Ladies' Committees meet for the Upwards of fifty garments were made purpose of cutting out and preparing by them in one year,

clothing, to be made up partly by the Besides the infant schools there are children of the day schools. At ono the day schools, the scholars of which school the children paid upwards of are peculiarly tractable and attentive. £44 for strong, well-made boots; and Up till April, 1863, a total of 4,370 upwards of eight hundred garments boys and girls had passed through the were purchased within the year. But new day schools.

not the children only, but the women Industrial Classes are connected with attending the Mothers' Meetings (88 many of the London ragged schools.'in number) in some cases avail them

L

the year.

selves of the opportunity to obtain sound Christian philosophy demands clothing on the same liberal terms. kind treatment as conducive to the By small contributions weekly they grand end. Truth and love can tame gradually purchase clothes otherwise them. “I hope," said the president at not obtainable ; occasionally, liberal a great meeting of the Sheffield ragged gifts of money are forwarded to pur- schools, "you will adopt the system of chase warm clothing for the mothers, giving the children periodical treats, and left-off clothing is dispensed to in the winter let them have a good the poor during the coldest season of tea, and in summer take them out into

the open fields, there to disport themselves There are now forty clothing funds for a few hours, and enjoy the beauties in connection with ragged schools. of God's creation." Besides these, it is worthy of notice, that for poor

men who come for shelter to the Male Night Refuge at GERMAN BENEFICENT SOCIETY Field Lane, in repeated instances

IN ST. PETERSBURG. clothing has been supplied, and situations also have been provided. On AMONGST the benevolent institutions one occasion the master succeeded, of the capital of Russia, the German after two days' search, in getting a Beneficent Society stands out most poor sailor a ship. He wanted some prominently. It was founded in the clothes to appear before the captain; year 1841, by two German pbysicians, these were supplied, and he soon trod Dr. Spices and Dr. Meyer, and the the deck, happy and thaukful. Saxon Resident Minister, Baron See

Last of all, summer treats are annu- bach. Its object is to assist poor Gerally provided for ragged school chil- mans in St. Petersburg, without disdren, and also for the inmates of the tinction of sect. Those who desire to London refuges. Some gentlemen are return home, have, where it is required, always found to open their grounds the means for the journey given them, every year, and to take upon them- and work is obtained for artisans who selves the whole expense of a large bave no employment. The statutes body of children. Among these is Mr. were confirmed by the Emperor and Bodkin, the well-known assistant Count Bennendorf. After the death judge, who, with his daughter, is most of the latter the Duke of Leuchtenberg zealous on behalf of ragged schools. undertook the patronage of the society. Many of the schools are marched to Mauy German princes so liberally supPrimrose Hill, Kennington, and Vic- ported this institution that its revenue toria Parks; others are conveyed away in one year amounted to more than in vans, to spend one whole day on the 68,000 roubles. In the year 1845, the green lawn, in the incense-breathing same society erected an alms-house for meadows, on the grassy slope, or amid old women, another for old men, and gipsy haunts in forest glades. As an orphan asylum. In Odessa there many as six thousand children have was formed an Auxiliary Society, and thus in one season, and by special a society of Sisters of Charity was funds raised for the purpose, been made formed in St. Petersburg in 1843: fourhappy exceedingly. Many, the ma- teen distinguished ladies under the jority, had never seen a green field. presidency of the Princess of Oldenburg Shut up in the murkiest and most un- united together to seek out deserted healthy alleys, lanes, courts, deds, they children for whom there was no place manifest unbounded delight when they of refuge, as also fallen females, and first feel themselves on the greensward, undertook to provide them with a home; and to look at them in their exuberant also to nurse sick children, and shelter gladness is at once cheering and sad-poor orphans. To carry out these obdeping; for such excitement finds its jects, ladies, who felt the impulse to explanation in the remark of one girl mitigate and alleviate human misery, of twelve or thirteen years of age-"I associated together, without reference never had a holiday before.” The class to creed, to form a large society under whom it is sought to bless and save is the title of “Sisters of Mercy." A

a peculiar class-precocious, cunning, building, surrounded by an extensive and mischievous to a degreo; and so I court, was constructed. It embraces General Baptist Incidents.

139 six departments : the “Sister-house;"| Protestant chapel, where there is divine the sick-house; a Pensionary for girls service every fortnight. For many of from nine to fifteen years of age; a years an English lady, endowed with public girls' school; a Magdalen insti- high qualifications, has superintended tution; an institution for the educa- this institution. tion of orphans. It contains besides a

General Baptist Incidents.

FIRST CHAPEL AT BARTON. many instances, almost surpass crediThus far they had preached in the bility; and their success was propordwelling-houses of their friends; but tioned to their zeal. the increasing number of bearers now induced them to wish for a meeting

ORIGINAL NAME OF THE house. With their usual seal, they

BARTON DISSENTERS. soon determined to build one at Barton, the centre of their exertions: which They were so intent on the great was as quickly executed. The dimen-object of winning souls to Christ, that sions of this edifice were thirty-six feet they overlooked minor arrangements. by twenty-two. It had a convenient Though they had now existed for vestry; and a spacious pulpit; in which several years, they had adopted no eight or ten of their preachers sat, on name to distinguish them from other public occasions. Over the whole professors.

Their enemies, indeed, building, chambers were constructed, called them Methodists: but they had designed as apartments for the single never been properly connected with brethren and sisters, on the plan of the that party, and disapproved of several Moravians. This addition was probably things in their doctrine and discipline. * made by Messrs. Dixon and Kendrick, But, having now a regular church, and in anticipation of introducing this prac- a meeting-house, it became necessary, tice among their new converts : but, if for the protection of the public property, 80, they were disappointed; as we to assume specific appellation. They find no traces of any such orders in felt no inclination to rank with any their churches. Though the members of their neighbours: and, therefore, of this congregation were, in general, adopted a denomination, which, though in poor circumstances, yet they cheer- it had long been appropriated to a fully exerted themselves, and defrayed party of professors, from whom they all the expences of this erection. Mr. greatly differed, yet expressed, as they William Collins, a minister whom Mr. thought, their determination to think Kendrick invited from London, opened and act for themselves, uninfluenced this new meeting-house in 1745. by foreign control; they called them

Mr. Collins continuing in the neigh- selves Independents. Mr. Dixon and bourhood for several weeks, took con

Mr. Kendrick assumed the principal siderable pains to instruct those inex- direction of this infant society; but perienced professors in the nature and were assisted in spreading the gospel design of churcb-fellowship and dis- by several others: especially by Messrs. cipline : and his efforts produced con- . Aldridge and J. Wyatt; who had siderable effect. They appointed week- been, for some time, occasionally emly conferences of the ministers and ployed; and were now considered as members, for mutual edification, and regular preachers. to conduct the affairs of the church. These conferences were held on the with the Moravians; and thence their followers

* Some of these preachers had been connected Friday evening: and, though many of were sometimes called Moravians. This strange the ministers resided at a great dis- who appear to have had no great relish for hard tance, yet they were regular and punc-words. They therefore, perverted it into the more tual in their attendance. Their zeal intelligible appellation, Ravens ; and Ravens and animated them to exertions, which, in 'proach by the persecuting rabble.

Methodists were commonly united as terms of re

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