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Science and Art.
WORTH KNOWING.-A small quantity COMPARING TAE LIGUT OF THE STARS. of vinegar will destroy any insect that -M. Chacornac has recently described may have found its way into the stomach, a method of mounting a plane mirror so and a little salad oil will destroy any as to bring into the field of a telescope insect that may have entered the ear. the image of one star, while the telescope
A New ELECTRO-MAGNETIC INDUC- receives directly the light of another. TION MACHINE has been invented. The By this means the two images are features of this apparatus are, that a brought into simultaneous view, the one, continuous stream of electricity in one of course, less brilliant than it should be, direction of any tension is obtained by through loss of light in reflection. He means of magnetic induction from a few gives the calculations necessary to work voltaic pairs; that the induced stream out the comparison. Sirius he finds to is as manageable as that from the small be five times as bright as Arcturus. excited battery, and the machine is self- THE ALBERT MEMORIAL IN HYDE acting
PARK.-The foundations for this memoELECTRICITY IN FACTORIES. - M. rial are now being laid. The work will Loir, in å paper recently read before be completed in four years, and will the Paris Academy of Sciences, contends cost £120,000. that a quantity of electricity is produced The SOLICITOR-GENERAL'S PICTURE. in large factories, and may be turned to -It is not generally known that the account by means of the straps which picture No. 663, in the Royal Academy, generate it by their friction in communi- entitled " An ice cave near Grindewald," cating motion to machinery.
is from the Solicitor-General's brush. ELECTRICITY AND DISEASE.
- M. RAPHEAL MENGS, Winckelmann's Namais says that in that fearfully friend, is having a statue erected to his destructive malady known as “Bright's memory in Aussig, in Bohemia. disease of the kidneys," electricity A COLOSSAL STATUE of Louis causes the elimination of urea from the NAPOLEON is about to be erected at the glands. Urea is the substance which, entrance of the Champs Elysées. by its conversion into carbonate of am- Sie EDWARD LANDSEBR'S PICTURE monia, produces the cerebral symptom; at the Royal Academy, depicting a and if a means of eliminating it has been “ Piper and a pair of Nutcrackers," has arrived at, medicine may congratulate been sold for £1,700. itself on the circumstance.
Pelissier is to have a statue in the COAL IN VENEZUELA.-Dr. Seemaur Boulevard Sebastopol. has discovered extensive beds of coal New STATUES IN TRAFALGAR-SQUARE. closely resembling the best Welsh coal ---An equestrian statde of George II. near the river Tocuyo.
has just been placed on the pedestal at The COMPASS MADE AN UNIVERSAL the north-east corner of Trafalgar. SUNDIAL.--Mr. Vassallo bas had en- square. The vacant pedestal will have graved upon the glass cover of the ordi- another of George III., erected by the nary compass an universal sondial, that Royal College of Physicians. is, the hours of apparent time are en- The DUBLIN EXHIBITION has been graved on the cover. The arm of the formally opened by Lord Carlisle, the sundial is érected from the centre of the Lord Lieutenant. compass-cover, and is so binged at this A CURIOU8 MODEL for & fountain point as to be moveable at its upper statue has been designed by a Hanover extremity. This arm moves along a sculptor, M. Rosenthal, represetting a graduated arc, thus indicating the lati- monkey holding a champagne bottle, of tude. By means of the apparent time wbich he has imprudently drawn the and latitude the true meridian can be cork, and the contents of which be determined, and this will indicate upon vainly attempts to stop. the magnetic card the combined varia- LESSING has finished his picture entions and deviation of the compass for titled, Dispatation between Lutber the course at the time of the observation. I and Eck."
CAREY, MARSHMAN, AND steadfastly all temptations to digression WARD.*
and partiality. The early struggles, the ABRIDGEMENTS are generally as unsatis- incessant difficalties, the varied opposifactory as Chinese pictures, and for the tion, the baseless calumnies, the selfsame reason. The objects are all crowded denying toil, the large success of Carey, together ; men, pagodas, trees, and Marshman, and Ward, the three pioneers bridges. The nose of one man touches of Christian civilization in Hindostan, the angle of a quaint pagoda; the but- are told without one particle of laudac ton on the cap of another is as big as the tion or bitterness. Indeed the narrative largest spray on the tree behind him; is rather like the summing up of a and the bridges are so flimsily constructed judge than the address of an advocate. that no ordinary mandarin, if he regarded Not that Mr. Marshman forgets to call his safety, would ever trust bimself upon persons by their right pames, or sbrinks them. In a word, the Chinese artist from the strongest denunciations of evil. , despises perspective. This is very much But he does this after showing you the the case with abridgement-makers.”
." character of both, and so carries with In the attempt to make everything im-bim your verdict of approval. We have pressive, nothing impresses. The can- seldom read a book involving so many vas is too crowded. The suggestive and questions provocative of strong feeling needful details are omitted where they equally impartial and dispassionate. are wanted, and put in where they are Our space will not allow us to make worse than aseless. Insignificant events more than two quotations. The first are blonderingly thrust into the fore- describes the unanimity of feeling in the ground, and events of real importance three good men at Serampore, and sumget only the scantiest notice. The marises their work. abridgement-maker is what the Germans call " a bread-artist," and has but one by three men of humble lineage,-apos.
“ The Serampore mission was established dubious qualification-necessity. He tates from the loom and the anvil, as their is often inaccurate, and cannot be opponents delighted to designate them, quoted with certainty, even where he but of sterling genius and deep piety. pretends to give the precise words of his Brought together by unforeseen circumauthor. He has no fulness of informa- stances, their characters were immediately tion, such as asually marks the indepen- put to the test by the occurrence of diffi. dent worker; and hence his "abridgem culties which served to cement their union. ments" are crude, jejane, and lifeless. In When their establishinent was threatened one respect even the Chinese artist has in its cradle with extinction by their own
Government, they were providentially pro. an advantage over him-h pictures vided with an asylum under a foreign flag, arrest the eye by their paint.
until the storm had blown over, For Mr. Marsbman's book is the reverse thirteen years they had to encounter the of all this. Not that he affects fine prejudices and opposition of the governors writing, or groups his facts for scenic of India, and it was mainly to their zeal effect, or rushes on to a rhetorical climax. and fortitude, combined with a singular He is a historian, and not an orator ; and spirit of moderation, that the diffusion of bis narrative commends itself to the secular and religious knowledge in India, reader by its calmness and moderation. which they had laboured under every dis-, He knows where the real attraction of couragement to promote, was at length his story lies, and he brings us to it, not dence had entrusted the Indian empire to
recognised as the object for which Provi. by circaitous paths, but easily, naturally, Great Britain. A unity of object produced and directly. The eloquence is in the a unanimity of sentiments and a constancy facts, rather than in their mode of treat-1 of friendship, of which there have been ment. Few men could have resisted so few examples. Every private feeling, and !
every individual predilection, was merged * The Story of Carey, Marshman, and Ward, the in the prosecution of their great under(Bunyan Library, Vol. Xiii.) London: Heaton & taking, and their confidence in each other Son, 42, Paternoster Row,
was never interrupted for an hour. They
were exactly fitted for mutual co-operation. , economist of time, and always acted on the They were all embued with the same large principle of taking care of the moments, views; the same spirit of zeal and anima- and leaving the hours to take care of them tion, and the same pecuniary disinterested selves. He was greatly attached to the
Their united energies were thus pursuits of science, but his garden was his consecrated to the cause of religion, for earthly paradise. His aptitude for the the promotion of which they were enabled, acquisition of languages has seldom been by severe and protracted labours, to con- exceeded, and to supply the Sacred Scriptribute a sum which, at the close of the tures to the nations of the East in their mission, was found to fall little short of own tongue became the ruling passion of £80,000.
his life. His preaching was without orna“ The Serampore missionaries never ment, or any attempt at eloquence. His considered themselves in any other light manners were easy, without being graceful. than as the pioneers of Christian improve. His stature was not above the middle ment in India, and it is as pioneers that height; the upper portion of his countetheir labours are to be estimated. In the nance exhibited all the indications of genius, infancy of modern missions, it fell to their but his figure was of a plebeian cast." lot to lay down and exemplify the pripci.
The Story of Carey, Marshman, and ples of the missionary system. They were Ward, deserves the widest circulation the first to enforce the necessity of giving the Scriptures to all the tribes of India. among young men of every name and Their own translations were necessarily party. It is full of the healthiest stimaand confessedly imperfect;
but many im-las, and cannot be read without permaperfections may be overlooked in the nent advantage. labours of men who produced the first editions of the New Testament in so many Sermons by Henry Ward Beecher. * of the Oriental languages and dialects, and Four characteristic sermons. The titles gave that impulse to the work of transla- are “Strength according to days," "ou tion which still sustains it. They were pleasing men,” “a sermon to young the first to insist on the absolute exclusion men," “ Christian heroism." Mr. of caste from the native Christian commu- Beecher is not free from Americanisms nity and church. They established the in his speech. He talks of "a
well first native schools for heathen children in Hindostan, and organised the first col. man" who does not need a staff, of lege for the education of native catechists "society nature," of "getting along, and ministers. They printed the first of a man who "reluctates about going books in the language of Bengal, and thus into a lawful traffic," of making young laid the foundation of a vernacular litera- men "too plenty, and therefore cheap, ture; and they were the first to cultivate of being kept “ headed in the right and improve that langaage, and render it direction," and of the nature of God as a suitable vehicle for national instruction. “forth-putting, not ingurgitating." But They published the first native newspaper he everywhere reveals his marvellous in India, and issued the first religious facility and beauty of illustration, and periodical work. In all the departments his power to touch men's consciences by of missionary labour and intellectual improvement, they led the way, and it is on
a direct, homespun practical Christhe broad foundation which they were en
tianity. The sermon "on pleasing men" abled to lay, that the edifice of modern is an excellent lecture on Christian Indian missions has been erected." politeness. “Why," he asks, “should This second quotation is from an
we have so many salutations ? Well, estimate of the character of Dr. Carey. for my part, I think that even good “ His exertions were sustained less by like grapes packed for market without
folks, without some little ceremonies, are the impulse of enthusiasm than by a pre; leaves between them. They will crush dominant sense of duty. The basis of all his excellences was deep and unaffected and come in mashed. Even good folks piety. So great was his love of integrity, need to have little courtesies between that he never gave his confidence where them to keep them from attrition. . he was not certain of the existence of We need not fewer, but more civilities moral worth. He was conspicuous for in life, to take away its vulgarity, and constancy, both in the pursuits of life and its hard surfaces, and to enrich it with the associations of friendship. With great flowers and perfumes." "A disagreesimplicity he united the strongest decision able piety is impious by so much as it is of character. He never took credit for
disagreeable." anything but plodding, but it was the plodding of genius. He was a stern
* Heaton & Son.
1. Agreed that we adopt Dewsbury as a Home Mission station, and request
the present Committee to act according CONFERENCES.
to the best of their judgment, bearing in The North DERBYSHIRE Confer- mind the financial position of the Home ENCE assembled at Smalley on Good- Mission. Friday, March 25. Brother Eaton 2. Agreed that we approve of the £90 presided.
received from the Executors of the late 1. The reports from the churches were Miss Ibbetson being made the nucleus of fewer than usual, but some of them were a fund for the lending of money without decidedly pleasing.
interest to churches for the erection of 2. Resolved unanimously by the chapels and the reduction of chapel brethren assembled, That this North debts, to be repaid by instalments; and Derbyshire Conference shall not be that we leave ourselves at liberty to add given up at present, but that efforts to this fund from the Home Mission shall be made to revive and improve it. money at any time by vote of the
3. Brother Yates is requested to be Conference. the secretary another year at least. 3. Agreed that Revs. R. Hardy,
4. Brethren Renwick, Wooley, Fox, J. H. Beevers, B. Wood, and Messrs. J. and Yates, are requested to "stir up" Rhodes of Bradford, and Woodson of the churches, by visiting them, or writing Leeds, be a Committee for the drawing to them, specially with reference to the up of rules according to which the monies Conference.
of the Conference shall be appropriated. 5. Brother Renwick is desired to act 4. Agreed that the friends at Edgeas treasurer of this Conference.
side receive from the Home Mission 6. The next Conference to be at fund £25 this year instead of £12 108., Kirkby, the first Monday in August as agreed upon Sept. 8, 1863. (D.V.).
5. Revs. R. Ingham, T. Gill, W. A comfortable tea was provided in the Salter, who were intending to visit Edgechapel at Smalley, and a revival meet- side in a few days, on the occasion of ing was held in the evening.
the laying of the foundation stone of the Tuos. YATES, Secretary.
new chapel, were requested to make all necessary inquiries relative to the ereca
tion of the building, and to give such TÆB YORKSHIRE CONFERENCE assem- advice to the friends as they might deem bled at Queensbury, on Whit-Tuesday, most requisite. May 17, 1864.
6. Rev. C. Springthorpe was thanked In the morning Rev. J. H. Beevers, for his past services as secretary of the of Bradford, read the Scriptures and Home Mission, and requested to remain prayed, and Rev. T. Gill, of Sbore, in in the office. the absence of Rev. Mr. Leigh, of 7. Rev. R. Ingham received the thanks Clayton, through illness, preached from of the Conference for his services as Psalm lxii. 11.
treasurer of the Home Mission, and was In the afternoon the Conference met re-elected. for business; Rev. J. Maden, of Gam- 8. The secretary of the Conference bleside, opened the meeting by prayer, resigned his office, which he had fulfilled and Rev. R. Hardy, minister of the for three years, and was thanked for his place, presided.
services. According to reports received from 9. Rev. T. Gill, of Shore, was apthe churches, thirty-seven had been bap- pointed the Secretary of the Conference. tized since the previous Conference, and 10. Agreed that the next Conference twenty remained candidates for baptism. be held at Allerton Aug. 30, 1864, and After the singing of the doxology and that Rev. Mr. Leigh, of Clayton, preach the reading of the minutes, business was in the morning. transacted as follows:
0. HARGREAVES, Secretary.
THE LINCOLNSHIRE CONFERENCE was That the next Conference be held at held at Spalding, on Thursday, June 9. Lincoln, on Thursday, Sept. 15, and
Brother Cookson read and prayed in that brother J. C. Jones be requested to the morning, and brother Horsfield preach in the morning. preached from 1 Cor. xiv. 8.
In the evening brother Cookson In the afternoon, after prayer by preached from Gen. xxviii: 16-17. brother Watts, reports were presented
THOMAS BARRASS, Secretary. from a goodly number of the churches,
BAPTISMS. and we were glad to find that fifty-seven
KEGWORTH. had been baptized since the last Con
-Seven persons, all in ference, and seven remain candidates for or beyond middle life, were baptized in baptism.
the river Soar on Sabbath morning, The Home Mission accounts, having June 5. The weather was beautifully been audited by brethren Newman and fine, the spectators were numerous, and Cave, were brought forward. There
the whole day was spent delightfully by was a balance in hand of £2 4s. 674. the friends at Kegworth. Brother Yates The accounts were unanimously passed. preached, and brother Jarrom baptized. The following grants were voted for the A large number of friends assembled at
the Lord's table in the afternoon. ensuing year:- to Holbeach, £10; Whittlesea, £10; Lincoln, £20.
ISLEHAM.—On Lord's-day, June 5, . Resolved–That the thanks of this
five persons were baptized by our pasConference be presented to brother R. Methodist, remains amongst ber own
tor, in the river Lark. One, a Primitive Wherry for his services as treasurer, people; the others were received into and that he be requested to continue in the church the same afternoon by the office another year. The brethren from Eastgate chapel, table.
right hand of fellowship at the Lord's Louth, baving stated their wish to
EDINBURGH.-On Lord's-day evenremove, as quickly as possible, the debt ing, June 12, six believers were imnow on their new chapel, it was resolved, mersed in North Richmond-street chapel, that this case be commended to the
by Rev. Francis Johnston, on which sympathy of the churches in this district. occasion he delivered a powerful reply
That we recommend the Association to Rev. Dr. Hanna on infant sprinkling. to adopt the following resolutions :
J. W. 1. That with a view to save both the KNIPTON.–At Hose, June 5, tbree time and the travelling expenses of the persons were baptized by Mr. Smith; deputations of the Missionary Society, two of them are teachers in our newlyit is expedient for our whole Connexion formed Sabbath school, the other was to be divided into local districts, and mother to one of the candidates. that the deputations should visit all the WHEELOCK Heath, Cheshire. - On churches in one district, and then in June 5, three persons were baptized by another; and this Association respect the Rev. R. Pedley, and in the afterfully and earnestly requests all the noon of the same day were received into churches to sanction such a plan, and to the church.
R. P. fix their other annual meetings at such BRADFORD, First Church.-- On the times as will not interfere with this first Lord's-day in May we baptized sis, arrangement. The drawing up of this and on the first Lord's-day in June five; plan to be committed to the Secretaries all of whom were added to our fellowof the Foreign Missionary Society. ship.
B. W.B. 2. We request the Association to give BARTON FABIS.-On Lord's-day, May to the Rev. J. Oncken, of Hamburg, 29, four friends were baptized, and the an opportunity of making a verbal state- same day were received into the fellowment of the condition and prospect of the ship of the church.
G. N. Christian missions he is connected with PETERBOROUGH On Lord's-day, in Germany and Poland, Denmark and June 5, two young men were baptized Sweden.
by Mr. Barrass, and, with another 3. That we recommend the Associa- friend, were received into the church. tion to elect the chairman and preachers BIRMINGHAM.—On the last Lord's for the following year on the Tuesday, day in May, our minister baptized eight and that the election be made by ballot. I persons.
J. S. C.