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cealed, the stress of the controversy |tion of the certainty of the future concerning the divine mission of Christ punishment, and the reality of the pends upon the doctrine of future means of escape. punishment. The affirmations of our Lord and his apostles on this subject,

DULNESS IN THE PULPIT. though they fall in with the smothered forebodings of conscience in every I ALMOST think there ought to be a man's bosom, give a distinct form to tax imposed on every dull, good inan apprehensions from which the mind who ventures to open his lips in the strives, by all means, if possible, to way of moral prosing, considering the escape; and which it will never cor- injury he does truth and goodness; he dially admit until the moral faculties ought to be forbidden to preach to his be rectified. The quarrel of the world fellow creatures, except by what is with Christianity comes to its issue infinitely more persuasive than any upon this doctrive of future retribu- eloquence--good deeds and an attraction. And as often as any mind recedes tive examplo. It is melancholy to from the spirituality of its perceptions, think of the havoc which a dull speaker it falls back upon this disagreement; will soon make in a crowded audience. and at such times, if the argumenta- The preaching of some good persons tive conviction of the truth of Chris- is like reading the riot act, or reminds tianity be imperfect, the darkness and one of that ingenious method by which perplexity of scepticism will come in it is said the magistrates of St. Petersupon the soul like a flood.

burg sometimes cool the zeal of a mob Not less necessary to the minister in that genial climate—that is, by playof truth is an unaffected and sensitive ing on them with a fire-engine. I cancompassion towards his fellow-men- not conceive of what use this poor a compassion of that efficient kind clergyman can be, unless indeed our which nothing has ever produced in churches and chapels were crowded to the world but the Gospel. The ser- suffocation; then one or two like bim vant of heaven can execute his com- might be employed to itinerate about mission only so far as he gains access the country, and bring down crowded to the human heart; and there is no congregations to par. A very few, other path of access, no other law of however, would be sufficient; the affinity, no sympathy, but that of love. effects of the sermon, and, consequently, The rugged, the severe, the petulant, its length, might be regulated by a will in vain arm bimself with thunder, thermometer. But great care would or fill his mouth with imprecations ;- be necessary in the application; for a truth, if indeed he has it on his side, little excess in the duration of the retains neither edge por temper in his humdrum might end in the extinction hand. By such stern vindicators of of the audience altogether. In any Divine Justice it seems to be forgotton case, I think, it should be provided by that the special reason why men, not law that no such enthusiasm-extioangels, are sent to preach repentance, guisher should permitted to play is, that the proclamation of mercy may more than an bour, lest the congregaalways be heard in that tone of tender- tion should be annihilated. One might ness and humiliation which it naturally then read such announcements as these: receives when it issues from the lips of " The church of that lively preacher, one who himself bas sinned, and re- Rev. 5, was on Sunday sennight so ceived pardon. The benevolence of excessively crowded, even to the aisles angels is, no doubt, perfect in its kind; and pulpit-stairs, that it was found but the compassions of man have a necessary to send for the most disspecial property, which imparts pathos tinguished' of the 'extinguishing! and persuasion to the awful announce- preachers to counteract the effects of ment of God's displeasure against sin. his oratory last Sunday night. So The end of all reproof is mercy. If effectual was the eloquence of this there were no redemption at hand, it gentleman, that, in twenty minutes, were idle or cruel to talk of judgment. the thermometer fell ten degrees in the But the reprover is the very same as gallery, and the air of the church be tbe herald of peace, and must draw his fore the benediction became delightarguments, whether of terror or en- fully cool and salubrious." treaty, from his own blended convic

Greyson Letters.

Sabbath Schools.

THE WHITE STONE. such an idea as that have been formed In primitive times, when travelling

by a visitor in your home, dear reader?

As a teacher of the young, it is of was rendered difficult by the want of places of public entertainment, bos

the greatest importance to cultivate a pitality was exercised by private in- cheerful and friendly spirit. Children

are very susceptible and observant, Persons who had partaken of this hos: and they are easily repelled by a basty

-In brief pitality, and those who practised it, memoir of a poor old woman, the frequently contracted babits of regard writer observes, " I always felt how and friendship for each other; and it became a well established custom, both beautiful that Christian character apamong the Greeks and Romans, to pro- irreligious must have admired it. She

peared in Jeanie, and that even the vide their guests with some particular mark, which was handed down from was spoken of among the children as

the 'old woman who loved God.' I father to son, and insured hospitality and kind treatment wherever it was

never knew them to bestow the same presented. This mark was usually a

appellation upon another. She had a small stone or pebble, cut in half

, and very happy way of winding the art

less affections of children, and never upon the halves of which the bost and the guest mutually inscribed their missed ab opportunity of dropping an

earnest word to them about that dames, and then interchanged them with each other. The production of little children to learn, telling them

blessed truth which all must become this

' stone was quite sufficient to insure friendship for themselves or their de

that they would either be 'prepared scendants whenever they travelled

for longer days, or fit for early death.' again in the same direction.

Her cheerfulness and kindness of heart

Now it is evident that these stones required to

showed itself in peculiar kindliness of be privately kept, and the name written

manner.” on them carefully concealed, lest others should obtain the privileges, instead TWO KINDS OF TEACHERS. of him for whom they were intended. How natural, then, is the allusion to THERE are two kinds of Sabbath school this custom in the words—“I will give teachers : one kind express all their him to eat of the hidden manna;" and interest by words—the other show having done so, having recognised him theirs by acts as well as words. We as my guest, my friend, “I will give are not to doubt that they all try to him a white stone, and in the stone a

do the most good they can with the

But we new name written, which no man opportunities offered them. knoweth, saving he that receiveth it, cannot help thinking that the one who a pledge of my friendship, sacred and takes pains to do some act by which inviolable, known only to himself !”

attachment is strengthened, is more certain of securing the interest and

gaining the affections of the young CHEERFULNESS.

heart. And, of course, by this means How much does usefulness in the world he is more likely to succeed in the work depend upon a pleasing demeanour of Sabbath school instruction. and an agreeable manner! We bave often seen efforts to do good prove fruitless, just because of the harsh or

BE SHORT. rude way in which they were done. TEACHERS, make your lessons short.

When Lord Peterborough stayed Make your questions brief. Never be for a time with Fenelon, he was so more than three minutes in your delighted with bis piety and amiability, prayers. Children soon grow listless, that he exclaimed at parting, “If I and when once you have lost their remain here any longer I shall become attention, all your work is worse than a Christian in spite of myself!" Could I useless.

Christian Work.

PARISIAN WORKMEN. sionary field than the workmen of our Dr. E. DE PRESSENSE thus writes con- great city afford, whether as to extent, cerning the Parisian workmen: Our facility of access, and prompt enworking classes have precious quali- couragement; or, as to results, doubled ties. Their minds are incredibly active as these last are by the mixture of the and open, their hearts are warm and working population of the departments generous. They readily kindle with with that of Paris itself. enthusiasm for a great cause, or general

M. Frederic Monod first started his idea, which renders them, indeed, Sunday school in 1820. This faithful very liable to deception, but also ac- servant of God, now no more, did cessible to the higher interests of the much to arouse the lethargic feeling soul. They have a certain general among Protestants. During the next culture, acquired from all manner of ten years the Bible, Religious Tract, sources, from books, from the theatres and Missionary Societies were esthat they frequent with passionate de- tablished in Paris. The last named light, from newspapers which they began its labours in Paris itself; and devour, and from the conversation car- Pastor Grandpierre opened his house ried on in the work-shops. Generally for religious services and for the trainspeaking, it is easy to find the way to ing of young missionaries. The overtheir hearts; and they have a sort of throw of the bigoted and papistical instinctive charity which leads them government in 1830 removed å great to share their bread with their poorer many legal hindrances, and an era companions. The adoption of desti- favourable to evangelisation began. tute orphans is no rare incident amongst About the same time the Evangelical our artisan families. With all this, Society of Paris was started, and in they are a light-hearted set; they are 1831 the Semeur appeared, a journal habitually jocose, and they lack that which has had a wide and very beneinestimable Biblical foundation

ficial influence. whicb, in England you can generally build. Their religious education has indeed been nil, never going beyond FEMALE REFUGES IN LONDON. a little rapid catechising, -if that. Moreover, they are greatly prejudiced A, Refuge differs from a Ragged against the priesthood, and decidedly School, in that while in the latter hostile to Catholicism.' All those who morning and evening teaching only is are familiarly acquainted with this supplied, the Refuge receives, clothes, class, agree in affirming that the thirst educates, and trains destitute and for instruction exists among them to homeless children. Besides being inan extraordinary degree; for they per. structed in reading, writing, and arithceive that in this lies, for them, the metic, and constantly brought under one infallible way of escape from the influence of Scriptural instruction poverty. Accordingly, whatever is and Christian example, work is the done in this direction will be eagerly order of the day. welcomed by them. In a religious The Girls' Refuge in Broad Street, point of view they are very ignorant, Bloomsbury, presents a scene of cheerbut very accessible, for they have no fulness, industry, good order, and cleanprejndice, and the fear of public opinion liness, which could not be surpassed, has no influence in a town which is a and at Acton a similar Refuge is found. world in itself, and where there is, so Each of the inmates has her appointed to speak, no such thing as neighbour- duty, and the industrial training to fit hood. Every effort made to carry the them for the work of household serGospel to our working population is vants comprises washing, ironing, sure to obtain a success. I do not cooking, cleaning; they also make and hesitate to say that there is nowhere mend all their own clothes. These in the world a more important mis- girls have all been saved from immi

on

One land.

women.

General Baptist Incidents.

57 nent peril: large numbers of them are MORAVIAN MISSIONS IN orphans utterly unprovided for. In

GREENLAND. such Refuges as these, many a father- The Missions of the Moravian brethren less one has found, in connection with were commenced in the year 1703, and Christian teaching, the Father of the consist of four stations in South Greenfatherless as her own Father.

The Moravian teachers, male thus rescued, - and a specimen of and female, are generally truly con“some of the prominent fruits of the verted people, undertaking this labour movement in 1859,"—who is now in for Christ's sake, and their Christian service in the country, lately enclosed mode of life is both exemplary and a sum of five shillings to the secretary, attractive. as a token of gratitude to the teachers New Herrnhut is situated near the and to Him who had compassion upon coast of the fiord Godshaab. Here her.

there are mountains, such as Hjorte The West Street refuge, Smithfield, Lakken, 2,400 feet bigh, the Great contains a large number of young Malen 3,600 feet, and the Little Malen

Thither they had come pen- 1,200. The chief building on the staniless, starving, and ready to perish. tion is a house of one story, with a There a kind, loving master had re- hall in the centre, and two-storied ceived and sheltered them, and there, wings. The houses of the natives, too, a number of them had been sepa- which surround it, are like little mounds rated from the rest, retained for a of earth. time to make up clothing and to be The first two Moravian missionaries otherwise trained, and not allowed to sent here, Matthew Stark and Christian go away until provided with situa- Stark, arrived on the 20th of May, tions. A whole class at that night 1733. They landed at Boulrevier near school was composed of servants who Godshaab, and built New Herrnhut, a had enjoyed these benefits, and whom plain hut formed of turf. They persetheir mistresses allowed to come every vered amidst incredible difficulties, Sunday evening to receive religious and under their care the first Greeninstruction from the lips of an intelli. landers were converted. In 1750, gent lady, who devoted herself to their Vatteville visited the country for the special benefit. How happy they first time, and the people named him looked; how diligent were these stu- Johannes Assebeak, the "Much-love dents of Scripture ; from what a preci- ing." One of the first missionaries pice had the hand of Christian love was John Beck, whose descendants drawn back each of them; what plea- laboured in the mission in Greenland sant associations have they now with and Labrador for 117 years, till 1857, the West-street Female Refuge, and when his grandson, after working for the never-to-be-forgotten night when thirty-four years, returned to Denmark. -faint, weary, bungry, and well- It was on the island of Konjek that nigh lost--they found a mother and a Egede first erected his dwelling, of home!

which scarcely any traces remain.

General Baptist Incidents.

HOW THE PERSECUTED

to the laws of the country, induced OBTAINED REDRESS. their attorney, Mr. Peck, of Leicester, In the beginning of 1744, the quarter to advise them to carry their cause to sessions were held at Leicester, when, a higher tribunal. A statement of their the cause of the Barton “Methodists"

case being drawn up, was laid before being heard, they were cast. A deci- an eminent counsellor, who gave an sion, so evidently partial and contrary lopinion decidedly opposed to the verdict of the jury at the sessions. Mr. Peck | THE FIRST APPEARANCE OF was, therefore, directed to indict several THE GENERAL BAPTISTS IN of the principal offenders at the Crown LOUGHBOROUGH, AND THEIR office. "But though notices of this were TREATMENT. sent to the parties, the persecution did

ABOUT the year 1753, Mr. John not abate. They treated the letters Whyatt, of Barton, preached in the with contempt : and ostentatiously dwellinghouse of Mr. William Cheatle, tearing them in pieces, trampled them who had kindly opened his doors for under-foot in the streets. The people the purpose. So few of the inhabitants at Barton continued to be treated in were friendly to the cause, that it was the most outrageous manner : their with difficulty five signatures could be persecutors, elated with the victory obtained to a request for licence for the they had obtained, gave a loose to their place of worship. Yet a considerable passions, and deemed it a virtue to number of the inhabitants attended, harass them by every means they could and many heard with seriousness, employ.

though the greatest number went Át length the Assizes approached, with an avowed intent to ridicule and regular citations were sent to the and persecute. The mob collected persons indicted.

This roused them round the house, in the time of to reflection; and, perceiving the dan- service, and endeavoured, by clamour gerous situation in which their excesses and sometimes by the beating of drums had placed them,

they sunk into abject to interrupt the attention of the hearers. despondency.* The most submissive Often they proceeded further and threw applications were made, and the most stones and dirt through the windows. moving intreaties used, to induce those, Once they seized a woman, as she came whom

they had so cruelly abused, to out of the meeting, and dragged her stop the proceedings, and not suffer along a deep kennel, full of mire and the cause to come to a trial. The filth, by the hair of her head, reviling, Barton friends, wishing only to enjoy her continually with the epithets of their native rights without interruption Raven and Methodist. The ministers enconsented at last to drop the prosecu- deavoured to check these violent protion, on condition that their persecutors ceedings by an appeal to the magiswould pay all the expences which had, trates, but a witness accidentally misfrom the first, been occasioned by their taking the date of one these atrocities, violence. As many witnesses had been this slip of memory was made the preexamined, and several eminent counsel tence of rejecting their appeal, and retained, the costs amounted to a con- their enemies renewed their assaults siderable sum, and fell heavy on seven with increased fury. The rabble color eight of the farmers. Yet the terms lected round the door of the court, and were considered as generous, and re- followed the friends of religion with ceived by the parties concerned with triumphant insult through the town, gratitude, and all further violence was so that they escaped with difficulty to as effectually checked as it could have their own houses. Foiled in this atbeen had the cause proceeded, and tempt, they employed an attorney to large damages been awarded against seek redress in the higher courts, who the offenders.

sent a letter to the most active of the When the attorney's clerk went to Nailstone to persecutors, stating the probable conpresent the citations, most of the persons to whom sequences of their violent conduct. they were addressed were gone to a fair at Bos- An intimation of this nature from a the midst of their diversions. One young man, of person of character put a stop to perwhom he was in quest, was preparing to entertain sonal insults, and the enemies of rethe mob with a burlesque imitation of a Methodist

ligion confined themselves to hooting, sermon; and, having mounted a stool, was composing his countenance to the requisite gravity, shouting, and similar expressions of iii when the clerk stept up to him, and, presenting

the will. These harmless effusions of reBut, alas i' the mock parson could not strained malice were despised and neg

He was, however, soon informed of the lected—the ministers continued their contents of the paper. This closed his frolic: he labours, and the cause daily gained thus becoming himself an object of derision to the ground. laughing spectators.

& text.” read.

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