A Theory of Justice
John Rawls aims to express an essential part of the common core of the democratic tradition—justice as fairness—and to provide an alternative to utilitarianism, which had dominated the Anglo-Saxon tradition of political thought since the nineteenth century. Rawls substitutes the ideal of the social contract as a more satisfactory account of the basic rights and liberties of citizens as free and equal persons. “Each person,” writes Rawls, “possesses an inviolability founded on justice that even the welfare of society as a whole cannot override.” Advancing the ideas of Rousseau, Kant, Emerson, and Lincoln, Rawls’s theory is as powerful today as it was when first published. Though the revised edition of A Theory of Justice, published in 1999, is the definitive statement of Rawls’s view, much of the extensive literature on his theory refers to the original. This first edition is available for scholars and serious students of Rawls’s work.
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That is , it is a society in which ( 1 ) everyone accepts and knows that the others accept the same principles of justice , and ( 2 ) the basic social institutions generally satisfy and are generally known to satisfy these principles .
They are the principles that free and rational persons concerned to further their own interests would accept in an initial position of equality as defining the fundamental terms of their association . These principles are to regulate ...
The initial situation must be characterized by stipulations that are widely accepted . ... In the absence of strong and lasting benevolent impulses , a rational man would not accept a basic structure merely because it maximized the ...
One may accept the first part of the theory ( or some variant thereof ) , but not the other , and conversely . The concept of the initial contractual situation may seem reasonable although the particular principles proposed are rejected ...
... agreement is not to enter a given society or to adopt a given form of government , but to accept certain moral principles . ... a contract view holds that certain principles would be accepted in a well - defined initial situation .
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Review: A Theory of JusticeUser Review - Alex L - Goodreads
BLEH. Never taking a political theory class again. But this book was rather odd...i liked the ideas he proposed, but it wasn't as enjoyable of a read as i thought it would be. Not really my subject matter. Read full review