A Theory of Justice
John Rawls aims to express an essential part of the common core of the democratic tradition—justice as fairness—and to provide an alternative to utilitarianism, which had dominated the Anglo-Saxon tradition of political thought since the nineteenth century. Rawls substitutes the ideal of the social contract as a more satisfactory account of the basic rights and liberties of citizens as free and equal persons. “Each person,” writes Rawls, “possesses an inviolability founded on justice that even the welfare of society as a whole cannot override.” Advancing the ideas of Rousseau, Kant, Emerson, and Lincoln, Rawls’s theory is as powerful today as it was when first published. Though the revised edition of A Theory of Justice, published in 1999, is the definitive statement of Rawls’s view, much of the extensive literature on his theory refers to the original. This first edition is available for scholars and serious students of Rawls’s work.
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It does not allow that the sacrifices imposed on a few are outweighed by the larger sum of advantages enjoyed by many . Therefore in a just society the liberties of equal citizenship are taken as settled ; the rights secured by justice ...
... that institutions are just when no arbitrary distinctions are made between persons in the assigning of basic rights and duties and when the rules determine a proper balance between competing claims to the advantages of social life .
sons are relevant in determining rights and duties and they specify which division of advantages is appropriate . Clearly this distinction between the concept and the various conceptions of justice settles no important questions .
For us the primary subject of justice is the basic structure of society , or more exactly , the way in which the major social institutions distribute fundamental rights and duties and determine the division of advantages from social ...
... of its principles in assigning rights and duties and in defining the appropriate division of social advantages . ... is that of refraining from pleonexia , that is , from gaining some advantage for oneself by seizing what belongs to ...
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Review: A Theory of JusticeUser Review - Alex L - Goodreads
BLEH. Never taking a political theory class again. But this book was rather odd...i liked the ideas he proposed, but it wasn't as enjoyable of a read as i thought it would be. Not really my subject matter. Read full review