A Theory of Justice
John Rawls aims to express an essential part of the common core of the democratic tradition—justice as fairness—and to provide an alternative to utilitarianism, which had dominated the Anglo-Saxon tradition of political thought since the nineteenth century. Rawls substitutes the ideal of the social contract as a more satisfactory account of the basic rights and liberties of citizens as free and equal persons. “Each person,” writes Rawls, “possesses an inviolability founded on justice that even the welfare of society as a whole cannot override.” Advancing the ideas of Rousseau, Kant, Emerson, and Lincoln, Rawls’s theory is as powerful today as it was when first published. Though the revised edition of A Theory of Justice, published in 1999, is the definitive statement of Rawls’s view, much of the extensive literature on his theory refers to the original. This first edition is available for scholars and serious students of Rawls’s work.
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It is these inequalities , presumably inevitable in the basic structure of any society , to which the principles of social justice must in the first instance apply . These principles , then , regulate the choice of a political ...
I shall proceed by discussing principles which do apply to what is certainly a part of the basic structure as intuitively understood ; I shall then try to extend the application of these principles so that they cover what would appear ...
But in doing this we should not lose sight of the special role of the principles of justice or of the primary subject to which they apply . In these preliminary remarks I have distinguished the concept of justice as meaning a proper ...
The definition I adopt is designed to apply directly to the most important case , the justice of the basic structure . There is no conflict with the traditional notion . 3. THE MAIN IDEA OF THE THEORY OF JUSTICE My aim is to present a ...
II of the essay “ Concerning the Common Saying : This May Be True in Theory but It Does Not Apply in Practice , ” in Kant's Political Writings , ed . Hans Reiss and trans . by H. B. Nisbet ( Cambridge , The University Press , 1970 ) ...
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Review: A Theory of JusticeUser Review - Alex L - Goodreads
BLEH. Never taking a political theory class again. But this book was rather odd...i liked the ideas he proposed, but it wasn't as enjoyable of a read as i thought it would be. Not really my subject matter. Read full review