A Theory of Justice
John Rawls aims to express an essential part of the common core of the democratic tradition—justice as fairness—and to provide an alternative to utilitarianism, which had dominated the Anglo-Saxon tradition of political thought since the nineteenth century. Rawls substitutes the ideal of the social contract as a more satisfactory account of the basic rights and liberties of citizens as free and equal persons. “Each person,” writes Rawls, “possesses an inviolability founded on justice that even the welfare of society as a whole cannot override.” Advancing the ideas of Rousseau, Kant, Emerson, and Lincoln, Rawls’s theory is as powerful today as it was when first published. Though the revised edition of A Theory of Justice, published in 1999, is the definitive statement of Rawls’s view, much of the extensive literature on his theory refers to the original. This first edition is available for scholars and serious students of Rawls’s work.
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I begin by describing the role of justice in social cooperation and with a brief account of the primary subject of justice , the basic structure of society . I then present the main idea of justice as fairness , a theory of justice that ...
For us the primary subject of justice is the basic structure of society , or more exactly , the way in which the major social institutions distribute fundamental rights and duties and determine the division of advantages from social ...
There is no reason to suppose ahead of time that the principles satisfactory for the basic structure hold for all cases . These principles may not work for the rules and practices of private associations or for those of less ...
Now admittedly the concept of the basic structure is somewhat vague . It is not always clear which institutions or features thereof should be included . But it would be premature to worry about this matter here .
... description of ordinary meanings but as an account of certain distributive principles for the basic structure of society . I assume that any reasonably complete ethical theory must include principles for this fundamental problem and ...
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Review: A Theory of JusticeUser Review - Alex L - Goodreads
BLEH. Never taking a political theory class again. But this book was rather odd...i liked the ideas he proposed, but it wasn't as enjoyable of a read as i thought it would be. Not really my subject matter. Read full review