A Theory of Justice
John Rawls aims to express an essential part of the common core of the democratic tradition—justice as fairness—and to provide an alternative to utilitarianism, which had dominated the Anglo-Saxon tradition of political thought since the nineteenth century. Rawls substitutes the ideal of the social contract as a more satisfactory account of the basic rights and liberties of citizens as free and equal persons. “Each person,” writes Rawls, “possesses an inviolability founded on justice that even the welfare of society as a whole cannot override.” Advancing the ideas of Rousseau, Kant, Emerson, and Lincoln, Rawls’s theory is as powerful today as it was when first published. Though the revised edition of A Theory of Justice, published in 1999, is the definitive statement of Rawls’s view, much of the extensive literature on his theory refers to the original. This first edition is available for scholars and serious students of Rawls’s work.
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Most likely we finally settle upon a variant of the utility principle circumscribed and restricted in certain ad hoc ways by intuitionistic constraints . Such a view is not irrational , and there is no assurance that we can do better .
Now it is evident that these three problems are connected with that of justice . In the absence of a certain measure of agreement on what is just and unjust , it is clearly more difficult for individuals to coordinate their plans ...
This theory is not offered as a description of ordinary meanings but as an account of certain distributive principles for the basic structure of society . I assume that any reasonably complete ethical theory must include principles for ...
As I have mentioned , to understand it one has to keep in mind that it implies a certain level of abstraction . In particular , the content of the relevant agreement is not to enter a given society or to adopt a given form of government ...
I assume , for one thing , that there is a broad measure of agreement that principles of justice should be chosen under certain conditions . To justify a particular description of the initial situation one shows that it incorporates ...
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Review: A Theory of JusticeUser Review - Alex L - Goodreads
BLEH. Never taking a political theory class again. But this book was rather odd...i liked the ideas he proposed, but it wasn't as enjoyable of a read as i thought it would be. Not really my subject matter. Read full review