A Theory of Justice
John Rawls aims to express an essential part of the common core of the democratic tradition—justice as fairness—and to provide an alternative to utilitarianism, which had dominated the Anglo-Saxon tradition of political thought since the nineteenth century. Rawls substitutes the ideal of the social contract as a more satisfactory account of the basic rights and liberties of citizens as free and equal persons. “Each person,” writes Rawls, “possesses an inviolability founded on justice that even the welfare of society as a whole cannot override.” Advancing the ideas of Rousseau, Kant, Emerson, and Lincoln, Rawls’s theory is as powerful today as it was when first published. Though the revised edition of A Theory of Justice, published in 1999, is the definitive statement of Rawls’s view, much of the extensive literature on his theory refers to the original. This first edition is available for scholars and serious students of Rawls’s work.
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... by their collaboration are distributed , for in order to pursue their ends they each prefer a larger to a lesser share . ... of society and they define the appropriate distribution of the benefits and burdens of social cooperation .
... and they are prepared to affirm , a characteristic set of principles for assigning basic rights and duties and for determining what they take to be the proper distribution of the benefits and burdens of social cooperation .
For us the primary subject of justice is the basic structure of society , or more exactly , the way in which the major social institutions distribute fundamental rights and duties and determine the division of advantages from social ...
Among the essential features of this situation is that no one knows his place in society , his class position or social status , nor does any one know his fortune in the distribution of natural assets and abilities , his intelligence ...
But we have much less assurance as to what is the correct distribution of wealth and authority . Here we may be looking for a way to remove our doubts . We can check an interpretation of the initial situation , then , by the capacity of ...
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Review: A Theory of JusticeUser Review - Alex L - Goodreads
BLEH. Never taking a political theory class again. But this book was rather odd...i liked the ideas he proposed, but it wasn't as enjoyable of a read as i thought it would be. Not really my subject matter. Read full review