A Theory of Justice
John Rawls aims to express an essential part of the common core of the democratic tradition—justice as fairness—and to provide an alternative to utilitarianism, which had dominated the Anglo-Saxon tradition of political thought since the nineteenth century. Rawls substitutes the ideal of the social contract as a more satisfactory account of the basic rights and liberties of citizens as free and equal persons. “Each person,” writes Rawls, “possesses an inviolability founded on justice that even the welfare of society as a whole cannot override.” Advancing the ideas of Rousseau, Kant, Emerson, and Lincoln, Rawls’s theory is as powerful today as it was when first published. Though the revised edition of A Theory of Justice, published in 1999, is the definitive statement of Rawls’s view, much of the extensive literature on his theory refers to the original. This first edition is available for scholars and serious students of Rawls’s work.
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With this end in mind , the kind of utilitarianism I shall describe here is the strict classical doctrine which receives perhaps its clearest and most accessible formulation in Sidgwick . The main idea is that society is rightly ordered ...
In fact a derivation of this kind is sometimes suggested by Bentham and Edgeworth , although it is not developed by ... original position would reject the utility principle and that they would adopt instead , for the kinds of reasons ...
Thus certain initial bounds are placed upon what is good and what forms of character are morally worthy , and so upon what kinds of persons men should be . Now any theory of justice will set up some limits of this kind , namely , those ...
Robert Nozick discusses some of the problems in developing this kind of intuitionism in “ Moral Complications and Moral Structures , ” Natural Law Forum , vol . 13 ( 1968 ) . Intuitionism in the traditional sense includes certain ...
The principles of philosophical conceptions are of the most general kind . Not only are they intended to account for the ends of social policy , but the emphasis assigned to these principles should correspondingly determine the balance ...
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Review: A Theory of JusticeUser Review - Alex L - Goodreads
BLEH. Never taking a political theory class again. But this book was rather odd...i liked the ideas he proposed, but it wasn't as enjoyable of a read as i thought it would be. Not really my subject matter. Read full review