A Theory of Justice
John Rawls aims to express an essential part of the common core of the democratic tradition—justice as fairness—and to provide an alternative to utilitarianism, which had dominated the Anglo-Saxon tradition of political thought since the nineteenth century. Rawls substitutes the ideal of the social contract as a more satisfactory account of the basic rights and liberties of citizens as free and equal persons. “Each person,” writes Rawls, “possesses an inviolability founded on justice that even the welfare of society as a whole cannot override.” Advancing the ideas of Rousseau, Kant, Emerson, and Lincoln, Rawls’s theory is as powerful today as it was when first published. Though the revised edition of A Theory of Justice, published in 1999, is the definitive statement of Rawls’s view, much of the extensive literature on his theory refers to the original. This first edition is available for scholars and serious students of Rawls’s work.
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There are other fundamental social problems , in particular those of coordination , efficiency , and stability . Thus the plans of individuals need to be fitted together so that their activities are compatible with one another and they ...
THE SUBJECT OF JUSTICE Many different kinds of things are said to be just and unjust : not only laws , institutions , and social systems , but also particular actions of many kinds , including decisions , judgments , and imputations .
In order to do this we are not to think of the original contract as one to enter a particular society or to set up a particular form of government . Rather , the guiding idea is that the principles of justice for the basic structure of ...
Since all are similarly situated and no one is able to design principles to favor his particular condition , the principles of justice are the result of a fair agreement or bargain . For given the circumstances of the original position ...
Moreover , assuming that the original position does determine a set of principles ( that is , that a particular conception of justice would be chosen ) , it will then be true that whenever social institutions satisfy these principles ...
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Review: A Theory of JusticeUser Review - Alex L - Goodreads
BLEH. Never taking a political theory class again. But this book was rather odd...i liked the ideas he proposed, but it wasn't as enjoyable of a read as i thought it would be. Not really my subject matter. Read full review