A Theory of Justice
John Rawls aims to express an essential part of the common core of the democratic tradition—justice as fairness—and to provide an alternative to utilitarianism, which had dominated the Anglo-Saxon tradition of political thought since the nineteenth century. Rawls substitutes the ideal of the social contract as a more satisfactory account of the basic rights and liberties of citizens as free and equal persons. “Each person,” writes Rawls, “possesses an inviolability founded on justice that even the welfare of society as a whole cannot override.” Advancing the ideas of Rousseau, Kant, Emerson, and Lincoln, Rawls’s theory is as powerful today as it was when first published. Though the revised edition of A Theory of Justice, published in 1999, is the definitive statement of Rawls’s view, much of the extensive literature on his theory refers to the original. This first edition is available for scholars and serious students of Rawls’s work.
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We also call the attitudes and dispositions of persons , and persons themselves , just and unjust . Our topic , however , is that of social justice . For us the primary subject of justice is the basic structure of society , or more ...
it is rational for him to pursue , so a group of persons must decide once and for all what is to count among them as just and unjust . The choice which rational men would make in this hypothetical situation of equal liberty , assuming ...
Justice as fairness begins , as I have said , with one of the most general of all choices which persons might make together , namely , with the choice of the first principles of a conception of justice which is to regulate all ...
... by rational persons , and that in this way conceptions of justice may be explained and justified . ... conflicting claims upon the advantages won by social cooperation ; they apply to the relations among several persons or groups .
But even this wider theory fails to embrace all moral relationships , since it would seem to include only our relations with other persons and to leave out of account how we are to conduct ourselves toward animals and the rest of nature ...
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Review: A Theory of JusticeUser Review - Alex L - Goodreads
BLEH. Never taking a political theory class again. But this book was rather odd...i liked the ideas he proposed, but it wasn't as enjoyable of a read as i thought it would be. Not really my subject matter. Read full review