A Theory of Justice
John Rawls aims to express an essential part of the common core of the democratic tradition—justice as fairness—and to provide an alternative to utilitarianism, which had dominated the Anglo-Saxon tradition of political thought since the nineteenth century. Rawls substitutes the ideal of the social contract as a more satisfactory account of the basic rights and liberties of citizens as free and equal persons. “Each person,” writes Rawls, “possesses an inviolability founded on justice that even the welfare of society as a whole cannot override.” Advancing the ideas of Rousseau, Kant, Emerson, and Lincoln, Rawls’s theory is as powerful today as it was when first published. Though the revised edition of A Theory of Justice, published in 1999, is the definitive statement of Rawls’s view, much of the extensive literature on his theory refers to the original. This first edition is available for scholars and serious students of Rawls’s work.
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I then present the main idea of justice as fairness , a theory of justice that generalizes and carries to a higher level of abstraction the traditional conception of the social contract . The compact of society is replaced by an initial ...
The basic structure is the primary subject of justice because its effects are so profound and present from the start . The intuitive notion here is that this structure contains various social positions and that men born into different ...
THE MAIN IDEA OF THE THEORY OF JUSTICE My aim is to present a conception of justice which generalizes and carries to a higher level of abstraction the familiar theory of the social contract as found , say , in Locke , Rousseau , and ...
The choice which rational men would make in this hypothetical situation of equal liberty , assuming for the present that this choice problem has a solution , determines the principles of justice . In justice as fairness the original ...
To do this we must describe this situation in some detail and formulate with care the problem of choice which it presents . These matters I shall take up in the immediately succeeding chapters . It may be observed , however , that once ...
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Review: A Theory of JusticeUser Review - Alex L - Goodreads
BLEH. Never taking a political theory class again. But this book was rather odd...i liked the ideas he proposed, but it wasn't as enjoyable of a read as i thought it would be. Not really my subject matter. Read full review