A Theory of Justice
John Rawls aims to express an essential part of the common core of the democratic tradition—justice as fairness—and to provide an alternative to utilitarianism, which had dominated the Anglo-Saxon tradition of political thought since the nineteenth century. Rawls substitutes the ideal of the social contract as a more satisfactory account of the basic rights and liberties of citizens as free and equal persons. “Each person,” writes Rawls, “possesses an inviolability founded on justice that even the welfare of society as a whole cannot override.” Advancing the ideas of Rousseau, Kant, Emerson, and Lincoln, Rawls’s theory is as powerful today as it was when first published. Though the revised edition of A Theory of Justice, published in 1999, is the definitive statement of Rawls’s view, much of the extensive literature on his theory refers to the original. This first edition is available for scholars and serious students of Rawls’s work.
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Suppose further that these rules specify a system of cooperation designed to advance the good of those taking part in it . Then , although a society is a cooperative venture for mutual advantage , it is typically marked by a conflict as ...
There is no reason to suppose ahead of time that the principles satisfactory for the basic structure hold for all cases . These principles may not work for the rules and practices of private associations or for those of less ...
It seems reasonable to suppose that the parties in the original position are equal . That is , all have the same rights in the procedure for choosing principles ; each can make proposals , submit reasons for their acceptance , and so on ...
We may note first that there is , indeed , a way of thinking of society which makes it easy to suppose that the most rational conception of justice is utilitarian . For consider : each man in realizing his own interests is certainly ...
... and so the principles of justice , are themselves the object of an original agreement . There is no reason to suppose that the principles which should regulate an association of men is simply an extension of 28 Justice as Fairness.
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Review: A Theory of JusticeUser Review - Alex L - Goodreads
BLEH. Never taking a political theory class again. But this book was rather odd...i liked the ideas he proposed, but it wasn't as enjoyable of a read as i thought it would be. Not really my subject matter. Read full review