A Theory of Justice
John Rawls aims to express an essential part of the common core of the democratic tradition—justice as fairness—and to provide an alternative to utilitarianism, which had dominated the Anglo-Saxon tradition of political thought since the nineteenth century. Rawls substitutes the ideal of the social contract as a more satisfactory account of the basic rights and liberties of citizens as free and equal persons. “Each person,” writes Rawls, “possesses an inviolability founded on justice that even the welfare of society as a whole cannot override.” Advancing the ideas of Rousseau, Kant, Emerson, and Lincoln, Rawls’s theory is as powerful today as it was when first published. Though the revised edition of A Theory of Justice, published in 1999, is the definitive statement of Rawls’s view, much of the extensive literature on his theory refers to the original. This first edition is available for scholars and serious students of Rawls’s work.
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We sometimes forget that the great utilitarians , Hume and Adam Smith , Bentham and Mill , were social theorists and economists of the first rank ; and the moral doctrine they worked out was framed to meet the needs of their wider ...
The outcome is that we often seem forced to choose between utilitarianism and intuitionism . Most likely we finally settle upon a variant of the utility principle circumscribed and restricted in certain ad hoc ways by intuitionistic ...
... from J. M. Cooper , T. M. Scanlon , and A. T. Tymoczko , and from discussions over many years with Thomas Nagel , to whom I am also indebted for clarification about the relation between the theory of justice and utilitarianism .
Classical Utilitarianism 22 6. Some Related Contrasts 27 7. Intuitionism 34 8. The Priority Problem 40 9. Some Remarks about Moral Theory 46 CHAPTER II . THE PRINCIPLES OF JUSTICE 54 10. Institutions and Formal Justice 54 11.
I also take up , for purposes of clarification and contrast , the classical utilitarian and intuitionist conceptions of justice and consider some of the differences between these views and justice as fairness .
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Review: A Theory of JusticeUser Review - Alex L - Goodreads
BLEH. Never taking a political theory class again. But this book was rather odd...i liked the ideas he proposed, but it wasn't as enjoyable of a read as i thought it would be. Not really my subject matter. Read full review